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Full text of "[The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici.) Systematics, geography and biological data of Russian ants. Part 4.]"

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(Fonicariae Iiperli fiossici). 



reorpa(J)iH H ^aHHtia no 
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M. Pyacsaro. 



BTOpaH. 



K A 3 A H L. 

THiio-jiHTorpa(j)ia H M n e p a T o p c E a r o 
1907. 



no oupefltjieuiio GOmecTBa EcTecTBoacuHTaTejieft iipn II M n e- 

|i a T (' p C K M T> KaSaHCKOHT, yUHBepCHTCTt. 

B. Do.iiHOBt 



HACTb BTOPAH 

Hpe.ancjioBie. Tpetbe H qersepToe 4onoJineHia K'b cnn~ 
CKV JiHTeparypbi no MVpaBbHMT>. Oomifl oosopij MHpMe- 
c|)ayHbi Poccin ci. 6ioreorpacf)nqecKOH 

TOHKH 



Hsyqeme EaKoa-JiHo'o rpynna JKHBOTBHXI BI 
CKOMI. (MOp^OMaiHiecBoiTB) H 6io.aoro-reorpa<|iHqecKOM'B OTHorae- 
Hin Ha npocTpaacTBij ceB PocciH, apH Epafiaeft 
ea TeppHTOpiH, npe^CTaBjifleTx oieat 6onmofi H CJIO&BH& 
ocyinecTBHMBift TOJJ.KO ro^aMH, BT. oco(5eaaocTH Kor.ua 
rpynna JRHBOTHHXT. npHaa^JiemHTi B-B Maao 
Bee aio a 0cnHTajiT> na ce6i>, Kor^a naiajii saanMaTtca 
HieMt pyccKHXt MypaBbesi. HecaoTpa Ha 8HainTe.iBHHa 
HOCTH MHi BceraBH BI Te^eaie fiojiie 10 JT^T^ yjaaoct 
na ocaoBaaiH .IHHBHXI HsealiflOBaHift, ^acTBio 6aaroiapa 
^;.ia Meaa coAiaCTBiio n noMom,H HiKOTOptixi .inn!., coyyBCTBeaao 
OTHocaai;Hxca E^ Tasoro po,a,a paSoiaM't, co5paii> 
cpasHHiejibHo em,e He6oJbraoa MaTepiajn> no (j^aya 
Hamero oieqecTBa. PesyjbTaibi Mop^oMaTHiecBofi o(5paf)OTKH 
axoro Maiepiajia, paBno KART, H cnenjai&HHa jaaana, Kacaiomia- 
ca reorpa<f)iH H 9Ko-9iojiori0 OT^'BJIBHHXX $opMx, HSJIOJECHH Mao8 
BT> nepsoS qacTH pa6o f ru, Hs^aaaoa BI 1905 ro^y (CM. M. Pys- 
cKia, MypaBBH Poccia H np., Tp. Kas. 06m,. ECT.-HCHHT. 
T. XXXVIII, BBIB. 46, 1905 r.). 

HacToamifl TpyA^, npeACTaB,iatoui,i8 npo^ojiateaie aepBaro 
KT> BBS* 2-fi iacTH, jiaaeKO Hepasaofi esry no o6%eMy, a 
st BHj3;y nocBaTHTB rjiaBBHM'B ofipasoMi CBOflKi Toro 
KOTOpwS B-EI aeo5o6meaaoM r b BHji'i HSJOffieni ST, nepsofi lacm Ta- 

KHM-B O^paSOMl 9Ta 2-3 HaCTB 6CTB HH^TO HB06 KaKT> 3aO01H- 

rjiaBa nepsoH. Oaa co^epatHTt BT. ceGi ^onoJiHHTeJiBHBifi 
jiHTepaTypn no uypaBBaMt, BBime^meH oaBBHin. 06- 
B% Teieaie nocJiiAHHXi seyxi Jitii, H o6m,ifi fiio-ioro- 
reorpa$0?ecEifl onepKi MapMeKOJOraHecKofl ^ayaa PocciH. 



iB, cocToamjfi r.aaBHHM'B o(5pa30M-B 03% ofeopa 
reorpa^aqecKaro pacnpoc'rpaaeaia pyccKaxx MypaBtesi 
H pacnpe^tjieeia HXI. no xapaKtepHEiMt MicTHOCTaMi. oSaiaaia 
HJII T. Has. cTaijiaan., KT> cosajiHiK) OKasaaca C^HIUKOMI Kpat- 
KHI^, BO MHornxx Micxax^ same HenoJinuM^ H OTPUBOHHHM'B. 

06CT033T6JlfcCTBO ,9TO OHpaB^HBaeTCS He^OCTaTKOMl COOTB^TCTByK)- 

m;aro Ma r repiaJia, HMiiomaroca s% MOHXX pyKaxi H oCHOBaHHaro 
HOITH HCK.moiHTeJit.HO Ha Jiaqaax't HscJi^OBaniflx-B, npn^eM-B a 
Bcer^a np0HHMa.ii BO BHasiame Tanate saanaa, so6tiTiaa 
jiaijaMH. Ho Toa-iEe npaiHE'E a upHHyjKieHi 6nai otKa- 
sartca OTX MHCJH BaacHHTt Bonpoci o npoHCxoatAeHia 
4 )a y HH Poccia, cqiixaa xaKyw sa^aiy nona 



x 3aKJiio?eHe a ^o.iffieax saMTHTb, HTO BHnycKOMi BT> 
nacToainet nacTH a ae ^yiaaio orpaHHiHTb CBOK> pa6oiy 
no pyccEHMi MypaBtaMx; HanpOTHBt, Bi He^aieKOMt 
Ha^iiocb BunycTHTB H ipeiBH) qaciB, KOTopaa 6y^ei% 
BI cefii Kaai AonojineHia ^syxi nepBtixx, xaEx H o6"pa()OTKy 
MOHXI coficTBeHHO SiojiorHyecKBXi. aa6jno^eaiB. 

12 (JieBpaM 1907 r. 
EasaaB. 



TpeiLe flonojineme KX cnacKy Jiziepaiypu no 



916. Andre, Ernest. Description d'un genre nouveau et de deux 

espfeces nouvelles de Fourmis d'Australie. Revue 
d'Entomologie, 1905, p. 205208. 

917. Ashmead, \V. H. Classification of the Ichneumon-flies of the 

Superfamily Ichneumonoidea. Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., XXIII, 1901, pp. 1-220. 

918. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, 

subfamilies, tribes and genera of the Ants, or the 
superfamily Formicoidea. Canadian Entomologist, 
XXXVII, Novemb. 1905, p. 381384 '). 

919. Report upon the Aculeatae Hymenoptera of the 

Islands of St. Vincent and Grenada, mith addi- 
tions to the Parasitic Hymenoptera and a List 
of the described Hymenootera of the West Indies. 
Trans. Erttom. Soc. London, 1900, P. II, (2, pp. 
299367; Formicoidea: N? 368 49 1,/. 



') Bi, 3Toii H npeflH^ymefl ciaTiax't Ashmead upeflJioatHai. 

Eaiuio MypaBBeBi. OHX imjijiaeT^ HXI st OTfltjiBnoe HajiceMeftcTBO 
(Superfarailia) Formicoidea, paenaaaiomeeca Ha cJitaymia 7 ceiceScTBi: Do- 
rylidae, Poneridae, Myrmicidae, Cryptoceridae, Odontomachidae, Dolichoderidae 
H Formicidae. CM. ofii BTOMI KpHTiiqecKiH saM^iaHix K. 3 M e p H (925); Taitace 
y H. H. K y 3 H e i; o B a BI era iiepeBO/it Illapna (963), ra* npHBejeiia H xa- 
paETepucTHEa STHXI ceiieficiB't Ha pyccsoMi asHEt. BaxaHMi HOBOBBejeHieM'B 
BI, K.taccniJiHEauiH A s h m e a d'a aBJi.ieTCit r.iaBHF.iMT, odpa30Mi> yciauoBJieHie 
casioii rpynna Formicoidea BX KaieciBi HaACesief CTBa (WH Formicodea, KaKTi 
yjouHie iipeAJaraeTi, ero HasHBaiB H. S. K y 3 u e n o B i). Pas/it^eHie ace ea 
ceMeficiBa, pasno Ears H caaa xapaKTepHCTHKa HXI Maao H3M*naeii nojo- 
senie flt-ia, TaKi. Easi qero-jinOo ocofieHRO Hosaro BT, aiy 
Ashmead ue BHOCHTX. 

1* 



920. Berlese, A. Illustrazione iconografica degli Acari mirmecofili.- 

Firenze, 1904. 

921. Eor.aaHOBT>, T. B'b MypaBbHHOMi. uapciB-fe (O'iepKH >KH3HH H 

HpacoBT. MypasbeBT,). OpHpo^a H JIKUH, 1892 
93 r. JVTsJVe 6 10. 

922. Cook, O. F. The social organisation and breeding habits, of 

the Cattonprotecting Kelep of Guatemala. U. S. 
Departm. Agriculture, Bureau of entomology. Techn. 
Ser. NO 10. Washingt. 1905. p. 38. 

923. Doflein, F. Beobachtungen an den Weberameisen. Biolog. 

Centralbl., Bd. XX\", 1905, pp. 497507. 

924. Emery, C. Note sur Prenolepis vividula Nyl. et sur la clas- 

sification des espiices du genre Prenolepis. Ann 
de la Soc. Entomolog. de Belgique, T. L, 1906, 
p. 130. 

925. Uber W. H, Ashmeads .neues System der Amei- 

sen. Zoolog. Anzciger, Bd. XXIX, Nr. 24. 1906. 

926. Rassegna critica delle specie paleartiche del genere 

Myrmecocystus. R. Accademia delle Scienze dell 
Tnst. di Bologna, Sess. 28 Genn. 1906. T. HI 
(Serie VI), p. 173 187. 

927. Deux Fourmis de 1'Ambrc de la Baltique. Bull. 

Soc. Entom. France, 1905, j\b 13, p. 189. 

928. Escherich, K. Die Ameise. Schilderung ihrcr Lebensweise. 

Braunschweig, 1906. 

929. c>ayceK'b, B. BiojionmecKin HscJiiiAOBanix BT> SaKacniflcKofr 

oSjiacTH. 3an. no O6m. Teorp. VI. P. I'eorp. 
O6m. T. XXVII, 1906 (crp. 142145). 

930. Fielde, A. Tenacity of life in Ants. Biol. Bull, of the Marine 

Biolog. Laboratory Woods Holl, VII, 1904, pp. 
300309. 

931. Cause of feud between Ants of the same species 

living in different commuties. Ibid., V, 1903, p. 
327. 

932. Forel, A. Ameisen aus Java (gesamm. von Prof. K. Kraepebn. 

1904). Mlttheilung. aus dem Naturhistor. Mnseum. 
Hamburg, XXH, 1905 (p. 126). 



933. Forel, A. Dimorphisme du mal chez les Fourmis et quelques 

autres notices myrmecologiques. Ibid., T. XLVIII, 
1904, p.p. 421425. 

934. Miscellanea myrmcologiques II (1905). Ibid., 

T. XLIX, 1905, pp. 155185. 

935. A revision of the species of the Formicidae (Ants) 

of New Zealand. From Transactions of the New 

Zealand Institute, Vol. XXXVII, 1904, p.p. 

353355. 
-936. Fourmis d'Asie mineure et de la Dobrudscha. Ann. 

Soc. Entomolog. de Belgique, T. L. 1906, p. 

187190. 
937. Fourmis neotropiques nouvelles ou peu connues. 

Ibid., p. 225249. 

938. Moeurs des Fourmis parasites des genres Wheeleria 

et Bothriomyrmex. Revue Suisse de Zoologie Ann. 
de la Soc. Zool. Suisse, T. 14, Fasc. 1, 1906. 
(Extr. T. 13, 1905), p. 5169. 

939. Les Fourmis de 1' Himalaya. Bull, de la Soc. Vau- 

doise d. Sc. nat. V. XLII (5-e Sen), N 2 155, 
1906, p. 7994. 

940. Huber, I. Ueber die Koloniengriindung bei Atta sexdens. Bio- 

log. CentlalbL, Bd. XXV, 1905, pp. 606619, 
625635. 

941. Janet, Ch. Anatomic de la tete du Lasius niger reine. Limo- 

ges, 1905, p, 140. 

942. KapaBaeBT), BJI. HonoJiaeme KT> npeAsapHTejitHOMy ornery o 

nois.a.K'E Ha ocipoBi, Hay. 3an. KiescK. O6m. 
Ecr., 1901 (OTA- OTT., crp. i 43), crp. 4142. 

943. MypasbH H Hxt 5KH3Hb. BicTH. H EflfijiioTeKa 

CaMOoSpasoBaaui, 1905 r. Nfi 28, 29 H 30. 

944. ^aoibHiiflmia HaSjno^emn Haji> BHAa'MH poj.a 

Antennophorus. OTT. H3t XX r. 3an. KICBCK. 
O6m. EOT., 1906, CTp. i 22 (209 230). 

945. Karawaiew, W. Versuche iiber die internationalen Beziehungen 

einiger Antennophorus-Arten nebst einigen syste- 
matischen Bemerkungen. Zeitschr. fur wissenschaftl. 
Insektenbiologie, Bd. I (I Folge Bd. XAllg. Zeit- 
schr. fur Biologic), 1905, Heft 12, p. 485493. 



946. Karawnew, W. Systematisch-Biologisches fiber drei Ameisen nus 

Buitenxorg. Ibid. Bd. II (1. Folge Bd. XI), 1906, 

Heft 12, p. 369376. 

947. Yersuch an Ameisen in be/ug auf das Obertragen 

der Lrirven in die Dunkelheit. Ibid. Bd. I (1. Fol- 
ge Bd. X) 1905, Heft 5, p. 215224; Heft 6, 
p. 257267. 

94S. Ru/sky, M. Uber Tetramorium striativentre Mayr und Tetr. 
schneideri Emery. Zoolog. Anzeiger, Bd. XXIX, 
A!> 16, 1905. 

949. Santschi, F. A propos ties moeurs parasitiques temporaires des 

Fourmis du genre Bothriomyrmex. Annales de la 
Soc. entomol. France, T. LXXV, 1906. p. 
363392. 

950. Strand, Kmbr. Xyc bidrag tit Norgcs hymenopteren- og dtpter- 

iauna. Nyi Mag. f. Naturvidensk. B. 44, H. 2. 
Kristiania, 1906 (pp. 95104). 

951. Wasmann, K. Die phylogenetische Umbildung ostindischer 

Ameisengaste in Termitengaste. Mittheil. d. schweiz. 
en torn. Gesellsch. Bd. XI, Heft 2, 1905. pp. 
6670. 

952. Beobachtungen iiber Polyrhachis dives auf Java, 

die ihre Larven xum Spinnen der Nester benutxt. 
Notes from the Leyden Museum, vol. XXV, 1005, 
p.p. 133140. 

653. Yersuche mit cincm brasilinnischen Ameisennest 

in Holland. (150 Beitrag xur Kenntniss der Myr- 
mekophilen). Mit Taf. 8. Tijdschrift voor Entoino- 
logie, Deel XLVIII. 1905, p.p. 15. 

954. Zur Myrmccoph ig:e des Gruenspechts. Ibid., p.p. 

612. 

955. Zur Lebensweise einiger in und auslandischen Amei- 

sengaste (14R Beitrag z. Kenntn. d. Myrmecoph. 
u. Termitoph.) Zeitschr. fur wissenschaftl. Insek- 
tenbiologie, Bd. I (1. Folge Bd. X) 1905, Heft 8, 
p.p. 329336; Heft 9. p.p. 334390. 



956, Wasmann, E. Die phylogenetische Umbildung ostindischer Amei- 
sengaste in Termitengaste (145 Beitrag xur Kenntn. 
d. Myrraecoph. u. Termitoph.). Comptes rendus du 
6-me Congres intern, de Zoologie, Session de 
Berne 1904, pp. 436447. Mit 1 Taf. 

057. Ursprung und Entwickelung der Sklaverei bei den 

Ameisen (146 Beitrag zur Kenntn. d. Myrmekoph.), 
Biolog. Centralbl. Bd. XXV, Nr. 49, 1905. 

958. Nochmals zur Frage iiber die temporar gemisch- 

ten Kolonien und den Ursprung der Sklaverei 
bei den Ameisen. Biolog. Centralbl., Bd. XXV, 
Nr. 19, 1905. 

959. Wheeler, W. M. The Polymorphism of Ants, with an Ac- 

count of Some Singular Abnormalities Due to Pa- 
rasitism. Bull, ot the Americ. Museum ot Nat. 
History, Vol. XXttl, art. 1, p.p. 193, 1907. 
New- York. 

960. Extraordinary Femals in Three Species of Formica, 

with Remarks on Mutation in the Formicidae. Bul- 
let, of the American Museum of Nat. Hist., XIX, 
1903, p.p. 639651. 

961. A new Type of social Parasitism nmong Ants. 

Ibid., XX, 1904, p.p. 347375. 

962. An Interpretation ot Slavenmaking Jnstikcts in 

Ants. Ibid., XXI, Art. 1, 1905, p.p. 1 16. 

968. Some remarks on Temporary Social Parasitism 

and the Phylogeny of Slavery nmong Ants. Bio- 
log. Centralbl., Bd. XXV, 1905, p.p. 937644. 

964. Olapnt, JIaBHji'b. Hac-iKOMiia. Ilepes. ct annii3cK., ci> 06- 
pa6oTKofl H AonojiHeninMH H. 5L KvaneuoBa. 
BuSoiioreKa ecrecTBosHaHiH noat pej,. BpoyHOBa 
H 4>ayceKa, HSJ.. BpoKrayaii-Ec^poHT.. Bun. i 3 
(4-11 nenaTaeroi). CI1B., 19021907. 



odsop-L MapMezcojiorracKOfl $aymi PocciH. 



1. Ko.iiiHecTBeHHiiiii eocTRB'B MiipMeKOJioriiiecKofi cjpayHbi Poc- 

ciii. "STuc.io poflOBt, Bii^oBt, pact H paSHOBiiflHOCTeS. Cpas- 

neme jiHpMeKocpayH&i PocciH ci> eBponeiiCKoir, c'liBepo-aiiepH- 

KancKoii ii 



H paci MypaBtesi., ^o caxt nopi 
PocciKcKoS HMnepia, ^ocTaraeT^ 160; 

cociaBt ea MHpM6EOJiorHiecKo2 

onpefli-Mexcfl scero 254 <J>opMaMH l ). Hsx yKasaHHaro 
Ha jiojiK) Camponotinae npaxoaHTca 108, Dolichoderinae 
7, Myrmicinae 136 H Ponerinae 3. 

Ho cHCTeMaTHiecKQM't KaieropiaMx STH $opMH pacnpe^i- 



I. Camponotinae: 

Camponotus .... 35 (Jtopsix (18 BHfl. H paci^ 17 

Colobopsis (subg.) . 1 (1 BHJI;I) 

Prenolepis ...... 2 (1 BHJI;I H 1 pasHOB.) 



') CM. M. PyacKifl, Mypastn PocciH, ^. I. Tp. Kas. 05m,. ECT., 
T. XXXVIII, BHH. 46, 1905 r. Bi Bioft pafioii onncaHo scero 25S $opMt, 
no BX .taHHoii'j, cjiyqat 4 HeoioqawTM East He npHniUJieaiainia EI jiayut 
PocciH. BT. ^HCJii yKasaHHHxi 160 BH,IOBI a pact 12 npenciaBJieHH BX nameft 
(JiayH-fe TOJIBKO pasHOBBAHociaMH. OAua pasnoBHjHociB BHOBL oiiHCHDaeica BI 





(14 BH.noB'B H paci, 8 pasH.) 


Formica 25 


(13 BBflOBTb H pac*B, 12 pasa.) 


Proformica .... 3 


(2 BHfla H 1 paSHOB.). 


Myrmecocystus ... 12 


(5 BH^. H paci>, 7 pasaoB.) 


Polyergus 1 


(1 BH^l) 


Acantholepis ... 4 9 


(1 BH^T. H 3 paSHOB.) 


Plagiolepis .... 2 


(1 EBJCL H 1 paSHOB.). 


II. Doliehoderinae: 




Dolichoderus . . . 2 


(1 BE^I H! paca) 


Tapinoma 3 


(2 BHia H 1 paca) 


Liometopum. . . . 1 


(1 BWB) 


Bothriomyrmex ... 1 


(1 BHAI). 


III. Myrmicinae: 




Cremastogaster ... 13 


(6 BH^;. H pac-B, 7 paan.) 


Solenopsis 5 


(3 BHJ. H pacH, 2 pasH.) 


Tetramorium .... 12 


\ *^ f J f / 

(5 imp,. H paci, 7 pasH.) 


Strongylognathus ... 3 


(2 BH#a, 1 pasHOB.) 


Myrmecina .... 1 


(1 BH^;%) 


Formicoxenus .... 1 


(1 BHflT>) 


Anergates .... 1 


(1 BH^'B) 


Tomognathus . . . 1 




Myrmoxenus .... 1 


(1 BH;TB) 


Leptothorax .... 25 


(18 BH^. H pacx, 7 pasH.) 


Temnothorax (subg.). 2 


(2 BH^a) 


Myehothorax (subg.). 8 


(3 BH^aHpaCH, 5 paaHOB.) 


Cardiocondyla . . . 5 


( o BHj^3i H A p8t3HOB. } 


Monomorium . . . 5 


(5 BHflOB'B) 


Pheidole 4 


(3 BH.ia B paca, 1 pasHOB.) 


Myrmica 26 


(15 BHA. H pact, 11 pasH.) 




V <^ ^. 7 t / 


Stenamma 3 


(1 BHfli H 1 paca, 1 pa3H.) 


Ischnomyrmex . . . 1 


(1 BE^t) 


Aphaenogaster . . . 7 


(3 BH^a H 4 pasHOB.) 


Messor (subg.) ... 13 


(6 BHA. H pact, 7 pasaoB.). 



10 

IV. Ponerinae: 

Ponera ...... 3 (2 Biua H 1 



Bcero 35 pojiOB'B a noflpOAOBt, BI> EoaaiecTBt 254 <JK>PMT> 

(148 BHJtOBT. H paCl H 106 paSHOBHflHOCTefl). XOTfl Ha 9TH 1H- 

cja H Hejitsa CMOTplm, Kawb Ha OEOHiaTe.3i.Hafl BT. BHjiy Epafi- 
HCB HeflOCTa-roiHocTH H3C-dj,>u>BaHi8 MHOPHXX M'BCTHOCrei! Poccia, 
o H6MT. vase QUJIO roBopeao BT> nepnoS qactn paQoru (1. c.. crp. 

11), T^Ml H6 MCH'lie BCCTaKH MOKHO C^HTaTb. MTO Ha 

o6m,i0 cocxaB^ H xapaKtepi 
B't nperbJiaxi, Poccia BUHCHH-ICJI Soxfee MH 



MHoro^HMeHHHMH, KaKX Tenept oKasuBaeica. no 
iticjiy (JwpMi) pojaMH MBJaioiCH Camponotus, Myrmica, For- 
mica, Leptothorax H Lasius; saT-fcin. cjiijyrox'i. Cremastogaster, 
Messor. Myrmecocystus H Tetramorium; octajitHKie, sa HC.IIO- 
Mychothorax H Aphaenogaster, npe.iCTai'JieHU 

KOJBHeCTBOM'b (j)0pil1.. 

aainy iiBpMeKO^orH'iecyio <|)ayHy BT> 
H cociaBa po^OBt ex sana^HoK EsponoS n 
AiiepiiKofi. KaET. iihcTHOCxaMH 6o;rBe SJIHSEHMH K^ Poccia no 
<{)n3HKO-reorpa(J)HHqecEHM7, yc.iOBijiMX, a Tattle CT. CO("B,T;HHMH 
oo.?iacTaMH roavHofl Asia, MM BB^BM-P., HTO 9ia (Jtayea BO 1-x^) 
OT-mqaeica Booom,e oxx BiinieHa3BanHuxi> cipan't S'BAHOCTBIO no 
KoaaneCTBy pojoBi,, H joji/RHa 6nth BI, 8ioM'i> OTHOineHiii no- 
CTataeea Ha nocjii^Hee Micro, BO 2-xi.) HaaSo-rte rtcHoe OTHO- 
meHie osa HMieTT, npea>jte Bcero K% (JjayHi EBponw, a aariiii. 
yate KT,C'BBepHoa AmepaKt. Bjassaa, po^CTBOHHaa csasb HameS 
MBpMeKO<J>ayHu ct eBponeacKOB EHxeoeT't y/ee list TOPO, HTO 
nocJi'B^Haa, T. e. ({tayHa EBponti (13, 222, 511), coAepiKHTi. B^ 
ce6:B set TEate pojin, ITO a Poccia, aa HCKJiioyeHieMi TOJibKO 
Jschnomyrmex, CBOficTBeHHaro Boofime 6o.rBe TOJKHHMI. 
ciaparo CB'B'ra, Myrmoxenus, nosa HaftfleHHaro BX 
Asia, o(5a, HMtromie .TBDIB no 1 npejiCTaBHTe.wo BI ^aynlj Poc- 
cin; flaaije 6ojtmaHCTBO po^OBX, 06111,0x1 oQiaMi cipaHaMi, 

HE'EtOTT. npaSjiaSHTeJIbHO O^HHaEOBHS HJI0 BeCbMa CXOflHHH BB- 



11 

cocTast. Ho (jiayaa Esponu B-B roate Bpena 
6oraie aaaieB, xaaf. K&KT, B% aefl MH saxo^HM't 10 
HMeano Brachymyrmex, Anochetus, SyspMngta, Stigmatomma, 
Dorylus, Phacota, Leptanilla, Goniomma, Strumifjenys a Epi- 
tritus, coBepineHHO noKa HeasBicTHBixi B-B Pocia, 
CTBO BnoiHi yjOBjieTBOpHTeabHo o6iacHflK>meeca 
STHUMH H pasHoo6pa3HHMH 4>H3aEO-reorpa(^H?e 
T'EX't pafloHOBi Enponu, oaBeHMi. o(5pasoM^ ocxpoBOBi H no- 
6epe/Kifi cpe^aseMHaro Mopa, aa HOJIK) KOTOpux-B 
BumeHasBaHHHe pojiH. CypoBHfi ae KaHMan H 
oopasHua ajHsaeHHHa yc.iOBia, HaSjiioAaeMLia aa 

upoTaateaiaxi. Poccia, BI ocofieaHOCTH ea 
oTHio^b He Moryri cnocoScTBOBaib GoratCTBy H po- 
CKomaoMy pasBHtiro TaKoti $ayHH Kant MHpMeKO^oraiecKafl, 
Hfio-utraaro pacn;B'BTa BT> TponaiecKHX'B crpa- 
a noc'reneHHO yduBaromaa OTI aKBaropa KT> nojnocaui, ; 
^ 9To eme lOKasaai M a & p i. 

CT> C^B. AMepaKofi (159, 160) aama 4>ayaa r raKate HM'fi- 
erx MHOTO oSmaro, SyAy^a npaTowi CBaaaaa ci nefl a reaexa- 
necKH, HO OTjiaiaeica ort aea BcexaKa ropas^o Soaaine, H^M-B 
OTI CBponeScKofi. TaKi BX (Jtayai C'BB. AiiepaKH aM'Seica 22 
poaa Hyac^HX^ Poccin, HO apa STOMI a OTcyTCTByioi^ 9 po- 
JIOBI (a aoflpOAOBi.), apaaa^Jieatamax^ noc-itflHeM. SaTiM'b H 
cocTast po^OBHX'f. rpynat y,ase aaofi. BapoieMi) STO 
i;o BBB-fecTHofi CTeneaa coaBBaeTca, 6.iaro^apa aa- 
BT, ofiiaxx ^ayaaxi poxoBt a BB^OBT. OaasKax^ Meat- 
Ay coooa, HO yctriJBmax'B y^e yKJioaatbca apyrx orb apyra 
OCTH pasieAaneaia H pasjiaqia BT> xapaKiep'fe 
), Cfl'BJiaBaiHXca euKapmiMU. TaKBMa, HaapaM., aa- 
iM'BHaioin,BMH rpynaaMH aB.naOTca: Epoecus a Anergates, subg. 
Dichothorax a Tcmnothorax; lose oiqacTa MOJEHO CKaaarb n 
OTHOCHieibHO Xenomyrmex, KOTOpuJS B^ HiKOTOpOMi. poA'fc MO- 
aten. dbiib npoiaBynocTaBJieHi. Cardiocondyla. 

OpacyTCTBie 6oabniaro KOjiaiecTBa po^OBb BI, 
Cis. AnepaKa o^acaaeica rjiaBHHMi oSpaaoM'B ea 
reorpa^BHecKBMx noioaieHieii'b , aMeaao 



12 

ITO ona BuraHyia CT, C KT, K), ^ociHraa csoeB watnot 
OKoaeiaocTbio TPOOHKOBI, Tor.ua isast ofirnHpaaa Teppaiopia 
Poccia pacxaayia BI mapOTHOMi HanpaBaeHia, amia HOITH 
Ha Bceidi CBOCMI npo'raacema Kmajfi rpaHHnefi .iamb 40 
c. in.; Bwh^cTBie aroro BT. cocxaB'fi MapiteKOffiayHH CB. 
AsiepuKH Hitierca HSBtcTHoe KOJIBHCCTBO cnen,iaabHO Tpo- 
nu^ecKBXi, , IOJEHO- H n,eHTpaatHo - awepHKaHCKHx^ po^OBi 
(Eciton, Pseudomyrma, Pachycondyla, Pogonomyrmex, Do- 
rymyrmex, Atta, Forelius, Cryptocerus, Proceratium), BO- 

EC'S CBOfiCTBeHHU lOHEHBIM'b MtCTHOCTflMT. HaSBaHHarO Ma- 

yiH aaHMCTBOBaHu HMH HSI TPODHKOBI; BI 4 )a 7 H ^ 
ate Pcccin rosnue pojin UOHTH OTCyTCTByioTx. Ho TOH-JKG no- 
npaiHei BI C$B. AiiepHEt MH BCipiiaeM^ H Taieie 

KOTOpIJe CBOfiCTBeHHU T&KTRQ H EBpOffi, HO JIHfflB IOKHOH 

ea uo.ioct, ocrpoBawi Cpe^nseMHaro Mopa H cijEepHoiS A(J)pHKij, 
a HMCHHO: Brachymyrmex, Stigmatomma, Sysphingta H Stru- 
migenys\ BX Poccin ace BTHXI po^OBTi H^TI., ,na H e^Ba-ia Bci 
OHH HaH^yTCfl. Bee 910 roBopirn, sa TO, ITO npa cpaBHeaiH 
MnpsieKO^ayHi, pyccKou H dbBepoasiepHKaHCKofi, MHI 

HCKJIOMHTB UOHTH BCK> lOKHyK) Tp6Tb C^B. AMCpHKH H 

np0HHMaTt BO BnHMaaie TOJBKO ea cpeflmoto H ciBepHyio iacra, 
HMiiioinifl np06jiH3HTe.abHO o^HnaKOBua c% Pocciefi KJHMaTHqe- 
CKia H 6ioaorHiecKifl ycJOBia. Ilpa xaKofl nocTaaoBKi BOnpoca 
H pesy-jvrarb cpaBaeaia Cyj,eTx HHOfi; Tor^a H aHaaoria Meat^y 
flBVMa pascwaTpHBaeMbiMH (JtayHaMH oKaasexca 60.1^6 HOJIHOH, BI 
ocoSeHHocTH ecjiH MH npHMBMi BO BHHMaaie xt 3aM4in,aioinie 
TponniecKie po^ti, o KOTOPHXI roBOpaaH Buine. B'L caMOM% 

S't-li, HCKJIOIHB'I, H3T, COCTaBa CiBepOaMepHEaHCKOfi (|ayHH Bbl- 

meynoMaHyTHe pOAH IO/KHO- H n,eHTpajiBHoaMepHKaHCKie (scero 
9 pojiOBt), saT^Mi ssa po^a xoia H ranpoKopacnpocTpaHeaHux^, 
HO CBOficTBeHHHxi. npeHMymecTBCHHo TponniecKOMy noacy, Ka- 
KOBU Leptogenys H Odontomachus, HaKoaei^i 3 BHKapHuxx 
H 4 oSn^Hxi CijBepHofi AiiepHKi H roaiHoa EBponi, MM 
, <ITO 4>ayna ciBepaoa H cpe^aefl HacTea CiB. AMCPHKH 
OKaaseica xaEofi me 6fe^Ho8 KaBi> H Poccia a HOITB 
<5.!H3Koa Ki He8 KaKi H esponeMcKaa; Bee pasaaiie 



13 

TOJIBKO BI 3 po^axi, npHcymaxi Cis. 
(Trachymyrmex, Discothyrea subg. Acanthomyops), H 9, 
HJIH 6 (ecjia HCBJUOIBX& 3 BHBapHHXt po#a) eft ae CBOftcxBea- 
HUXT,, HO BCxp'i<iaK)m,0xca B% PocciH, T. e. spjbcb oxHomeHie 
KT. Poccia, no cpaBaemio ct EBponoS 6y,neTi o(5- 



CooTHoraeHie Haineft <|>ayBii 
Asia, CT> IIepCHACKo8, Ocii-HHACKOft H 
ceHiact HeBosMoacao ycxaHOBHTt BI TOHHOCTH no HeflociaxKy HS- 

ifi. OlBOCHTe.IbHO OCT-B-HHfliH MBpMCKa(|)ayHa 

Jiyjme HSCvTEflOBaHa (58, 300, 346, 349, 939), 

HO csasaTb, <ITO Taut HMietca 25 po^OBi, o6m0xi> ci Pocciefi, 
nacTb KOHX^ npHHafl-ieraHTt rjftBHUMi o6pa30Mi ci- 
paSo0aan> Ha^ocTaHa (FaMaaaH, KainM0p%), H 55 Ta- 

K0X1,, KOTOpbJX'b HtTl. BT> PoCCia, npHieM'B 9TH nOCji^Hie CBOS- 

CTBeanti npeHMya;ecTBeHHo onatb raKH loatnHMt TponHHecKHM'B 
HacTflMX HnaocTana H npHjeJEaa^HM-B Kt Heiay ocTposaMi. Ta- 
KHMT, ofipasoMi, Haadoji'Be Ticnoe cooTHoraenie HMiexi aaraa 
MapsieKOJiorHHecKaa 4>ayaa xo^ibKO ci cisepHHMa MicTaocxaMH 
Ha^iH, Heiiocpe^cxBeaao ap0.aejKani,HMH si ea IO^BOH 
ox-b npoiHxt ate doaie loatHtixi HH.PHCKHXI o^JiacTe 
COBC'BMX Apyria ycjiosia, OTJiflqaeica P-BSKO. 

, aecowH'BHHO, cpoictBO $ayabi IIpHMOpcBofl 06- 
C060pa c% Manqsypiefi so-mao 6uxb oieab T'iCBHM^, 
axo yjKe ascxByexx HB^ HSBtcxauxt Hairs 6oxaHHKO-reor- 
iecKHXi .naaHHxi, HO no OTcyrcxBiro nacji'BAOBaHifl Eonpoc'B 

ociaexCH coeepnieHao ae BtiacaeHHHMi. 
^xo ace Kacaexca CBSSH CT, nycxHaasiH Bucosaro n;eHx- 
pajibao-asiaxcKaro aaropta, T. e. rjiaBHUMt odpaaoMi ct MOH- 
rojiieS H TafiexoMi, xo xaKOBaa coBepnieaao OH6BHa;Ba 031 npa- 
cyxcxBia ET> pyccKoft M0pMeKoaorHiecKofi ^ayai xapaKTepHuxt 
npejcxaB0TeJiefi axoro Haropta, KaKoetr, aanp0M., Myrmica 
smythiesi Yor., Messor lobuliferus Em. His. ^p., HO oaa npo- 
flBJmexca xojibKO na cantax't KSKHHXI H ioro-BocxoiHHX% OKpaa- 
aaxt CH^BPH PyccKaro TypBecxaaa, ae npociapaaci, 

K)KHO-C060pCKHX'B 



14 

MonrojiiK) B p b KaqecTBfe KpyiiHuxt nperpa^b, sa KOTOPLJMH ysce 
.leataTi, o(5aacTH ct ,HP\THMH <5iorpa<j)HqecKHMH ycjioBiawH. Oco- 
6eHHO xopomo o(>HapyjKi!BaeTca csasb c^ ueeipajibHO asiaTCKHMT. 
Haropi>eirb BI iiapMeEo^aynl} IlaMBpa a CeMapi^tfl, KaKi 9TO 
oijjio yate paHbine ^OKasano, BT> ocoSeHHOcia OTHOCHTCJI.HO 
iJXTio<J)ayHH, npocj). A. M. H H K o Ji b : c K M % 1 ). HaKonei;^, 
eymeCTByexi, TaK^eJ HSB'bcTnaa, xoxa H 6ojiiie OTjia.ieenaa 
csasB immefl MHpiueKo.iorHecKofi <{>ayHU, oSaapyatHBaeMaa nsien- 
no BT, SaKacniBcKofi o6/.acTH H naCTtio E% 3aicaBKa3i>H, c r i> 
a<j)pHKaHCKOfl H apasiHcKoB qepesi. MesonoxaMiro n Ilepciio, 
iKWBepJKflaeTca a na xapaKTept jtpyrHX^ $ayH'L nasBaHHux 

lliCTHOCTefl. 

2. Paa,Tli.ienie Myp;uJi:>eBT> Pocciii no oo.iacTJiM'ij pacupo- 

CTpaHenia. 



ex TOHKH apieia reorpac})HiecEaro pacnpo- 
CTpaneHia MypaBtH Poccia Moryn> fluifc pa3A4.ienH na oi- 
flVKHnbi rpynnu: 

a) (fiopMH na.ieapKmuuecKia (acsJioHHTejibHO npHHaA-ieffia- 
mia ITa.ieapKTHiecKOH ofijaCTH); 

6) $opMU wpKyM6opeajimbiH HJH toJiaptcmuwcKia (CBOH- 
MatepHKy eBponeScKO-aaiaTCEOMy, TaKi H Ci- 



B) KOCMOnojiumu, HM'firomia BecbMa ofiraHpnuS KpyrB 
reorpa<{)0qecKaro pacnpocTpaHeaia; 

r) (JjopMH naaeoietiCKiH, T. e. ofiHTaiomia ea DpocxpaHCTBB 
6oJi,nieH qacTH Ciaparo CB-Sra. 

ape,iCTaBHTe.nen nepBoa rpynnu MH MoateMi 
^ia Ka'reropia: 1) MypaBbCBi no 



'; A. M. n H K o Ji B c K i fl, $ayH$ HOSBOHOIEHS'S 
Ba.ixaraeKofl KOMOBHHH, 13S7. OTA. OTT. HSI Tpyj. C.-IIeTepOyprCK. 06m. 
.EcieeiBOHCnHTaiejiei}. 



15 



H 5) 



eeponeticKUxv, 2) no npeaMymecxBy cuGupctcuxv, 3) 
atain.iix'B CpeduaejHHOMOpCKoA nodofaacmu, KOTOpue y nac-B pacnpo- 
BI, Kpimy, na KaBBas* H BI CpeAHeaaiatCKHxt BJia- 
tymupottopacnpocmpaHeHHbixz B0o6in;e BI HajieapK- 
o6.iiacTH, CBoficTBenHuxi Kasi Esponi, xasi H Asia; 
u,eHmpa,Awo-a,3iaincKUxv. npaaasJieaEamHXB BHCOKOMy 
naropfcio. 



najieapKTHHeeKoft 



a) 



1. I'Isi npeflCTaBHxeJieii IJa^eapKTHKH E% (JopMawB no npe- 
HiiymecTBy eeponeticKUMz, T. e. rjiaBHHMx oSpasoMi apHHaflJie- 
ciiBepHOH H cpe^eefi EBponi H xapaKTepasyiomaMX aauaj- 
MacTt na^eapKTHqecKofi o6aacTH, oiHocaTca: 

**Myrmecina graminicola 
Tomognathus sublaevis 
Leptoth. tuberum v. nig- 

riceps 
**L. corticalis 

L. unifasciatus 
*L. melnikovi 
*L. kirillovi 
*L. volgensis 
*Tetramor. caespitum v. 

ferox 

**Myrmica rubida 
*M. scabrinodis bessarabica 
**Stenamma westwoodi 
*Messor tataricus 
*Messor structor v. clivo 

rum 
Ponera coarctata 



**Prenolepis imparis v. ni- 

tens 

*Camp. marginatus kamensis 
Camp, manginatus s. str. 
*Camp. herculeanus v. shi- 

tkovi 

**Lasius bicornis 
**L. emarginatus 
? L. brunneus v. pallidus 
Formica rufa v. meridio- 

nalis 

Form, exsecta v. rubens 
*B 1 orm. fusca v. gagatoides 
**Polyergus rufescens 
**Dolichoderus quadripun- 

ctatus 

**Liometop. microcephalum 
**Solenopsis fugax 
**Strongylogn. testaceus 

Bcero 30 $opM%, HTO cocTaBaii 
H Pocei0. 



OE. 11,7/ 



Bcea 



16 



$opMti, OTMtieHHua SBfeflo^Kofi, Bandeau noKa TOJIBKO m, 
Espon. Poccia n sioacerB Quxb HiKOTOpua OKasEyxca xapaaiep- 
HHMH wa nea. Mai flyiiaexca, HTO xaKOBbiMa MOJEHO ciaxaTb 
H xenepb Leptoth. volgensis, L. melnikovi, Camp, maryinatus 
kamensis, L. kirillovi, Form, rufa var. meridionalis, Messor 
structor var. clivorum, xaKi Kanx OHH HC aafi^eeH HE BT> o,ieofi 
rfcxi MicTHOCTefl cpe^aeS EBpona, KOiopua MOZKHO cin- 

cpaBHHTe.itHo xopoino HacjijOBaeHHMH, KaKi-TO BI ABCT- 
pin H BeerpiH (Mafip-B 507, 508, 509). HlBefiu,apiH ($ o- 
peJB 257), Be-iBKofrpHTamH (CMHTT> 706,707; CaaiepCT. 
670), repstaaiH (UlnJiJiFHri, 689; ^opcxepi. 252, 253). 
Jl,aHiH (MefinepTi 564), IIlBeniH ( A x Ji e p u % 2; Cxo-ntne 
636), $paHn;in (Aa^pa 13 n BproftaHt 74). BOSMOHCHO 
xaKze, qio H^KOTOpHa naH^yica H B^ CH^HPH, aaup. C. her- 
cul. var. shitkovi, Form, fusca var. gagatoides, Lept. kirillovi. 
Myrm. rubida; ipyrie BI CBoenn. pactrpocTpaHeaiH ae orpaaa- 
H noceflqaci upe^ijiaMH EsponH, a saxojifln> BI sa- 
H.TH Joro3ana,iBH2 TOCTH Asia (aanp. Leptoth. tini/as- 
ciatus) HJIH Bt CpejiHseMaoMOpcKyK) noioS.iacTB (Solen. fugax, 
Dolicli. 4punctatus, Pon. coarctata, Liomet. microceplw- 
lum). B6.nbiiiyK)-JKe qacTb HST. apHBeieaaHxi. KT, TaSjian.'h (|)Oj)M^ 
Hy;KHO ciHTatb xapaKiepatiMH AM 3anaABO Esponu; oaiomi- 

jtByaia sBis^oiKaMH (**). 

2. $opMH no npeaMynjecTBy ctifiupCKia. (T. e. xapaKTepn- 
BocioiHbia HacTH Ila.ieapETaHecKofi 



Caraponotus saxatilis f F. sanguinea v. mollessonae 

C. herculeanus v. sachali- f Dolichoderus sibiricus 

neiisis Myrraoxenus gordjajrini 

t C. aterrimus Leptothorax nassonovi 

f C. quadrinotatus Lept. stipaceus 

Formica uralensis Lept. serviculus 

F. truncicola v. yessensis f Mychothorax hirticornis v. 
F. transcaucasica sibiricus 

F. rufibarbis v. glauca Myrmica kasczenkoi 



17 



f M. commarginata 

M scabrinodis v. lacustris 



M. scabrin. v. salina 
M. angulinodis 



Hcisxi. 20 <I)!)pMT> H.IB OK. 7,87% schxt pyccKaxi> MV- 
coMHiiHia c.imiiB,OMT> Ma.no H BT, Syjiy- 
jiieMT> ^i).iHino 3HfiiHTe.ibBO vsejaiHTiica. HfeitOTODua ast nepe- 

' j f: r 

i iHCvieBHuxb 4>opMi), 6y^yia imiposo pacapocrpaaeau BI CH- 
6apn, KaK'B Camp, savatilis, Form, uralensis, L?pt. stipiceus, 
L. nassonovi, nocTeneano JtearatoTca na sanaji'b; oai yate ne- 
peiiua Fpa.iii a, ^oaja noKa #0 Bo,ira, sanajiH noirn BCK BO- 
CTOiayio ^sp. Pocciio, r^-fe pacapocrpaaenu cnopaiaqecKa, a 
Form, uralensis npoaaK^ jiaaie ^o MOCKBH, npeAcraajas SA^CB 
c.iyiaSauii, coBepuaeaao HaojaposansbiB, KpaBaiS ({topnocTi CBO- 
ero pacnpocTpanenia KI saaajty. 3HaKOMT> (f) OTMBIGHU (JopniH, 
upnHajJiesKaiuia BOCToqaoa Ca6apa, Koropua Btpoarao TaKa?e 
naSayrca H BX Maaqscypia. 

3. $OpMU Cpedu36MHOMOpCKifl, T. 6. CBOBCTBeHHHa TOSablSITj 

Ila.ieapETBqecKOB o6jac f rn: 

T. caesp. v. forte 
T. caesp. v. punicum 
f T. semilaeve 

T. semil. v. schmidti 
*T. inerme 
f Leptothorax exilis 

*L. satunini 
f L. affinis 
f L. nylanderi 
f Colobopsis truncata 

Myrmecocystus albicans 
*M. viaticus setipes 
*M. altisquamis v. jakobsoni 
*M. foreli 

*M. caspius (aenescens) 
*M. pallidus 
Proformica nasuta 
*Prof. aberrans 

2 



*Carap. turkestanicus 

*C. dichrous v. ferganensis 

*C. dichr. v. flavonitidus 

*C. fedtschenkoi 

*C. xerxes 

*C. turkestanus 
f C. silvaticus 

*C. aethiops s. str. 

C. aeth. v. glaber 

f C. lateralis v. bicolor 

*C. later, v. atricolor 
C. lat. v. merula 

*C. interjectus 
**C. marginatus ruzskii 
C. marg. lameerei 

*Tctramorium schneideri 

*T. caesp. v. reticuliventre 
f T. caesp. v. meridionale 



18 

Acantholepis frauenfeldii f Cardiocondyla elegans 

I'lagiolepis pygmaea *C. eleg. v. uljanini 

PI. pygm. v. pallescens *C. bogdanovi 

Tapinoma nigerrimum *C. stambulovi 

Bothriomyrmex meridionalis *C. stamb. v. kosliewnikovi 

f Cremastogaster scutellaris *Monomorium salomonis 

f Cr. scntell. v. schmidti *M. barbatulum 

Cr. auberti v. sorokini *M. venustum 

f Cr. laestrygon Pheidole pallidula 

Cr. karawaevi f Apbaenogaster subterranea 

*Ischnomyrm. rhaphidiiceps f Aph. testaceopilosa 

*Stenamma asiaticum f Aph. testae, v. semipolita 

f Solenopsis orbula v. latroides f Aph. gibbosa 

*Sol. deserticola Messor structor 

*Myrmica bergi M. barbarus 

*M. stangeana *M. caducus 

*Tetramorium striativeritre M. capitatus 

f Leptothorax nigritus M. aegyptiacus (v. incor- 

*L. semenovi ruptus) 

f Temnothorax recedens M. striaticeps 

f T. rogeri f Ponera ochracea 

9xo .IOBOJILHO ofiniapuaa rpynna, Aocxaraioinaa 77 <|>opMi, 
cocxaBjatomax't OKOJIO 30,31 C scero KOJiaiecxBa 
BI Poccia uypaBBCB^. 

wax npeicxaBHTejieB Cpe^HseMHOMOpCKoa 

(f ), xapaKiepHsyjorL aana^Hyro nacxb 
H AOXO^HTX Ha BOCTOK^ #o Kpuua KaBKaaa. 
(*), npHHas-iejKavi> BOCTOHHO 

H pacnpocipaHenu BT> TypKe- 
, KHprascEofi cien0, SaKacniflcKoH oSjaciH H no 
HOMy no6epe/KbK) KacniftcKaro Mopa; Sojibmyio nacib asi 
MOSHO CHHiaTb xapaKTepHHMH p,xn TypaHCKott npOBHHi^ia; H'i- 
Ke pacnpocTpaneHH ^a^Brae ea, BCTpiiaacb BI Hepcia, 
Maaoa * Asia (nanpHM. Myrm. pallidus). SaxiMi, 
HM-BIOXCH (JjopMH, npoxoAa^ia nepesi BCK> ofaacxb OTI IIopTy- 



19 

ra.iin H AiaaccRHXT. rop* jno TypuecTaHa BKJiroiHTeJitHO (Pla- 
giolepis pygmaea, Myrmec. albicans, Pheidole pallidula). 

H'BKOTOpHe cpeiaaeMHOMOpCEie BHJH pacna.iHCb na no#- 
H pasHOBH^nocTH, xapaKTepH3VK>mie paa.THqHfcie paaOHU 
CpeAHaenHaro iiopa, aB.iflaci. TasBMi oCpasoMi 
H BOCTOiaoS qacreff arofi o^.mcTH saMiJBaromH 
na\in. TaKOBtJ BHJIU: Carapon. maculatus, Myrmecocystus cur- 
sor, Myrmec. viatictrs, Myrm. altisquamis, Messor structor. 

Hsi B(HKia noiHMOp^saro Basa Campon. maculatus HyatHO, 
ZT> KaiocTBB upHSTBpa, yswaTb aa G. aethiops, soiopfiia o6pa- 
sosaji^ Meiupe $3pMu, xapaBTepnayiomia pa.saua o(5aacTH, HMGH- 
HO: 1) cashmiriensis Ha Kpa8HeMi> Boctoat pacnpocTpaneHia 
3108 pacu, BI KaounHp-B; 2) gldber na KaBKas-fe; 3) concavus 
Ha KaBRas-B, B^ KpuMy a aa BaiKaHCKOM^ nojyocrpoBi; 4) angus- 
tat us na BaHa^, BO <5>paHU,iH. 

Myrmecocystus cursor ^aat 2 OCHOBBHH (Jjopwu: sanaflHyio 
M. cursor i. sp. (M. cursor cursor Em.), pacnpoctpaHeHayto 
OTI IIopiyrajiiH jo Aasni, H BOCTo^Hyfo caspius [M. cursor 
aenescens (Nyl.) Em.], saHHMatomyro BeHrpiio, roatHyio Esp. 
Pocciro H cpeaatoro Asiio jo Tafieia. BT. HtaaiH OT^ nero 
.umacE. BBTBI> M. cursor Ualicus Em. Bi, MajioS Asia, 
H tlepcia ero saMBHaeri 6ji03Ki8 BWB Myrm* frigldus (And.) 
Em. 



Myrmecocystus cursor var. caspius Ruz. noBceft 
3To noKasajii. 3 M e p H BT. csoeft HBAaBHO BUineAuieft MOHO- 
rpac|Din POAI Myrmecocystus (925), To/KAecTaeHi. ct Myrm. cursor 
aenescens Nyl. H3"b JO/KHOH Poccui (Formica aenescens Nylander 
596, crp. 37,$,<J H $). Ha ocHOBamn ne TOJILKO MopcfjoMaTHqecKHxi., 
HO rjiaBHUM'b oSpasoMi. H reorpncfmqecKHX-b npHSHaKOBT. ero HVKHO 
ciHtaTb sa pacy Myrm. cursor (Fonsc.); roraa Myrmec. tancrei 
For. AOJi/KCH-b upeA-TaBwiHTb KP.IHHKHO aocTOHHyio 
Myrm. cursor aenescens, xapaKTepnyio 
naropta. 



Myrmecocystus altisquamis pocna^aeTca TaKace aa 
paca: 1 ) Ma-ioaaiarcKO nepca^CKyro TanaqHyK) altisquamis i. sp. 

2* 



20 

[M. altisquamis altisquamis (E. And.) Em.], /laroinyro 3 
6o,ibe ctBepHlJx^ pasaoBn^aocTH bucharicus For., jukobsoni 
Ruz. ii gracilcns Ruz. 11 2) cpeflHe-asiaTCKy'io, nycTUHHyto /b- 
yt'U, flocrnraKHnyK) Ha cfcuep'b 30 Capenru (925). 

Myrmecocystus viaticus oGpaayen. irfejibiB pajrb <j)opiTB. 
B'f- 3ana:uio8 Epoiri ataByT'f>: M. viaticus i. sp. H Mspani- 
CK^ BiA.iHvHpi diehlii] B f t BocroiHoS EBpon'b (Bearpia, Ba.i- 
oi.): ctB-?po-BocTOiao8 A<|>pHKfe, 3aKaiiKa3b'fe 3aKa- 
oS.iacTti desertonim, a Ha KpaSaeMi BOCTOKb o(5jiacT0, 
BI. n,enTpa.ibuoH Asiu 11 ctBepaoS Hn^i a setipes, pasHOBHj- 
nocTb Kirroparo turcomanicus npejcraBiaeTT. nepexoji MeJKjty 
HHM'i. H dcscrtorum. 

Meaner structor Ha JIOBOJI.HO o5mnpHoM of),iacTH csoero 
oi>;;Tanifl. Kpout TimaiuoQ (fjopiiu, iKnuyiueS BO 3>paBH,in, o6pa- 
30Baji> 4 pasnoBHAHOCTH: a) tyrrenus, sanajieyio (jjopiiy, Hacejiaio- 
myto Hcaaniio H Ilra-iiio; 6) muticus r^aBHUMT, o5pasoMX 
xapaKTepjisyiomyio BocxoqHyfo Efipony, Majiyio Asiio H KasKaax; 
BJ oriental is, apimaiJieavainyio npeaMyir^ecTBenno Typany H 
ne Hjiymyio nasatia^b jiaji'fcc Ma.aoft Asia a [oroBOCTOHnofi Esp. 
Poccia, H r) cHvorum, CBoScrBeHHyio ciisepo-BOCTOKy Eapon. 
Poccin Hjymyio 3j,'I>C[. na ctsep^ last jjajieKO KaKt narflt 
B!. Esponi. 

BOJILUIHHCTBO cpejiHseiiHOMOpcKHXT) i|)opMx flBJiflioTca xa- 
paivTepnuiin j.ia nycrtiBH H KaMeHHcroS cieaH. 

4. <J>opMU eaponeucKO-asiamcKifi (xapaKTepasyiomjaca Becb- 
wa inapOKiiMx pacupocxpaHeHieMi,, npaHaweaumia no npeHMy- 

IlajeapKTBHecKOfi ofi.iacrn): 



Camponotus ligniperdus F. pressilabris 

Camp, vagus F: fusca s. str. 

Lasius fuliginosus F. gagates s. str. 

L. carniolicus F. rufibarbis s. str. 

L. umbratus F. rufib. v. glauca 

Formica rufa s. str. F. rufib. v. subpilosa 

F. truncicola F. cinerea s. str. 

F. exsecta F. cin. v. imitans 



91 

j JL 

F. sanguinea Myrmica ruginodis 

Tapinoma erraticuni M. rugulosa 

Anergates atratulus M. sulcinodis 

Leptothorax tubenim (s. str) Strongylognathus christophi 
Mychothorax acervorum 



Bcero 25 ({wput, HJICT OK, 9,84/ n . IToiTH ncl STH 

ia yM-kpeHHOwy K-iaMary, aBJiaroiCH no npeawyme 
CTBy ofiHTaiejiHMH JTECOBT. HJIH crenefl. 

H'BKOTopua H3T> HHX'B f)UJiH vKasanu npewnHMH aBiopaMH 
jt.ia Cts. AnepniH. HO iiOKasania STB noroini ne no.TTBepjii- 
JIHCB '). OKasa.iocb npa (5aH3taiiineM-E HSCJiBjOBaHiw, KoroptiM'F. 
MU oQflsaHu r.iaBeHMi> oSpaapMi) K. 3siepH, TFO Maorie HST, 
eBponeScKO-aaiaTCKHXi nypaBbeB^ HirfeioTi ist ({tayH'i CicepnoS 

AliepHKH BCCbMa f5.1H3KHXt COpOIHiefi, KOTOplJO HXt TailX W 

^JIH Har.iaAHOCin npeacTaBBM'i. TaKia ouKapuun 



Eopasin: Ciwepnan Aju 

. . . f Formica integra (?) 

ronnica truncicol.i . . . . ' 

| F. obscuriventris 

.. ( F. dakotensis 

F. rutu ......... ! 

\ T. diffcilis 

F. cinerea . ........ F. pilicornis 

F. rufibarbis ........ F. neonifibarbis (var.) 

F. clara .......... F. neoclara (var.) 

F. ga gates ....... . F. subpolita 

_ . f F. subsericea (var.) 

F. fuse i ........ 

( T. subaenescens (var.) 

( F. rub'cunda 
F. sanguinea . . ..... { F. puberula 

I F. obtusopilcsa 

F. exsecta ........ [ E. eKsectoides . 

F. pressilabris ...... \ F. ulkei 



') OTHucHTejiSHO Myrm. sulcinodis aonpocx eme He BaojiHt 
H jtoxeT'B-OHTB 66 cjitaoBaJu-OH BKJio^HiB si, rpynny 



~- --" A & *""!-* 

Profonnica nasuta Prof, lasioides (?), 

Lasius bicornis L. minutus 

Prenolepis imparis v, nitens . . Pr. iinparis s. str. 

_ , , I Pol. lucidus 

Polyergus rufescens . . . . > 

[ Pol. breviceps 

Camp, sax.itilis 



C. pennsylvanicuss s. tr. 
japomcus 

C. ligniperdus . . . . . . C. lign. v. pictus 

C. herculeanus v. montanus . . C. herculeanus v. whimperi 
C. margmatus i. sp. ..... C nearcticus 

C. ruzskyi ......... C. minutus 

Colobopsis truncata ..... Col. impressa 

Liometopummicrocephalumi.sp. L. microceph. v. occidentale 
Myrmecma gramhrcola .... Myrm. americana 

Tomognathus sublaevis .... T. americauus 

Cremastogaster scutellaris . . . Cr. lineolata (?) 
Stenamma westwoodi . . . . St. nearcticum 

Aphaenogaster gibbosa .... Aph. fulva 

Aph. subterranea i. sp ..... Aph. occidental 

Myrm'ca rubida ....... M. mutica 

M. ruginodis ........ M. brevinodis 

M. sulcinodis ....... M. sulcinodoides 

Mychothorax acervorum . . . Mych. canadensis 
Mych. hirticornis v. sibiricus . M. hirticornis i. sp. 
Leptothorax oxianus ..... L. nitens 

Ponera coarctata ....... P. pennsylvanica 

Tapmoma ernuicum ..... T. sessile 



BH^HM'b. 1TO HKCJO 9THX'B ({)OpM7> ^OBOJIbHO 3HaHHT6.lt- 

HO. Y HiKOTopuxi,, aHajoria Koropux't ne^ocTaTOiHO pasiac- 
Heaa, nocraBJieHT. saaKi (?). 

5. Ki> ({>opMasii iteHmpaMHo-asiamcKUMii, KOTopuxt no- 
,HO<5Ho ^HEOMJ any, aprajia HJH y.aapy MOJKHO cinxaTb xapaK- 
TepHHM0 jua nycriJHi) H BHCOKHXI> njocKoropifi HaMirpa, T06ei'a 
H MonroJiiH, MM floiJKHU npaiHCJiHTb 



Caraponotus tichomirovi C. ft dtschenkoi v. mayri 

C. buddhae Lasius flavescens 



00 _ 

tj 

Las. emeryi Myrmica smythiesi 

Formica clara M. smythiesi v. fortior 

Cremastogaster subdentata M. dshungarica 

Cremastog. bogojawlenskii M. laevinodis v. minuta 

Leptothorax bulgaricus v. v. tenuispina 

melleus M. saposhnikovi 

Lept. pamiricus Messor lobuliferus v. excur- 

Lept. oxianus sionis 
Pheidole koshewnikovi 



Bcero lO^opMi) HJIH OK. 7,4/ , KOTOpaa EC'S CBoflciBeaHH 
oKpaaHaMT. Hamax-B CpeflaeaaiaTCEaxi Biaatrnfi H CH- 
6"HpH. HecoMa-iJHBo IBCJIO 8TO co upeMeaeMi ^OJiatHo 
3HaHHTejiBHO ysejiHiBTbea, Kor^a Sy^yTt npoasBeieaH 
ntia MapueKOJiorHiecKia HSCJi-BAOBasia CeMBpiqta, TaHt-IIIaHa, 
Tap(5oraTaa H IlaMBpa, Boo(5me aamero BOCTo^aaro 
pasao Kaici> H lOffiHux^, rpaHHqam,ax^ ci Moarojiiefi 
Tor^a cwjia-ate no scefi siipoaTHOCTH npHjetca 

H TRKia $opMH KaKi Formica transcaucasica, Prof, aber- 
rans H var. nitidior, Myrmecocystus setipes, Myrm. for ell var. 
bucharicus, Tetramorium schneideri, pacnpocTpaneHie Eoxopaxi 
aeAOCTa'roiHO eme BuacaaJiocb H KOioptra noKa ycaosHo oiae- 
CCHBI MHOK) BX spyria rpynuH. 

6) Ki (JopMaux nupKyMfopeajiwuMt BJIH 
np0Haj;Jiea;aai,BMi Kasi EspaaiH, TaKt H CiBepHofi 
OTaocarca 



Camponotus herculeanus ? Formica pratensis 

C. hercul. v. whimperi Tapinoma sessile 

Lasius flavus Tetramorium caespitum 

L. myops Formicoxenus ritidulus 

L. affinis Myrmica scabrinodis 

L. myxtus ? M. lobicornis 

L. niger var. schencki 

L. alienus ? M. laevinodis 

? L. brunneus Mychothorax muscorum 



_ 24 

odpasoMT. HHCJIO oomax't CT> Cbtt. AitepHKoii (f>opin> 
neoojibinoe, cocranjfliomee scero OKOJIO 7 n / uciixi. 
Poccia; HO iipa OTOMt ny/uno npuHSTb no BHHMame BO 
0'ieHb Biajoe iiscjcBfloiiaHie BOCTOIHOB Cufcipu, WB 
nafljerca B-BPOHTHO sinoro (ftopMi, MypaBbes-b, ofimaxi ci. C'i- 
uepnoft AnepnKofi, BO BiopuxT, :3na<inTejLnoe KOJiHiertBO BHKap- 

HHXl <{)OpMl, KOTOpUXT. dl.1.10 rOBOpt'IK) BLIUie (CTp. '21). 

Ilci am ipopMu, sa ncK.iKmenieMT> TOJIBKO Tapin. sessile 
H Camp, licrcul, v. whimpcrl, orjia'ifiiOTca ofimiipuuMi pac- 
npocrpaaeaieiib u Kb cxaiuoaapdOMi OTHOiiieuia pasanHUbi: oan'B 
xapaBTepn3yiOTT> (."reran (Las. alicnus, Mijnn. lobicornis), ;tpy- 
rifl cBOflcTBonnu .it>cain. (6*. hrrculeanus 11 var. whimpcri, 
Formlcoxenus ii/t/dulns), ipeTbii ropaiii. (Lasius my ops). 
Oi'HOCirre.ibno Tetramorium cacspitum MOHJHO ^yuaib, ITO 
OH^ saBcaeirb BbCBeepnyio AsicpuKy 'in. noBtfluiec Bpeiia HCJIO- 

B'BBOMl ICpeSB TOprOB.110. 3naBOJI f b BOIIpOCa OTM'B40HU ({)OpMU, 

KOTopuxi, in, OBR. AMOPHKB nysiHO cinraTb noKa 



B) Mt/paebu KOCMono.inmu cocraB.iaiOTT, 
npouetiT'B cociasa siapiieKOipayHu Pocciflcsofl 0Miifipin. Hxi, 
TOJibKO r rpn Bnia Monomoriuin pharaonis '), Pleidolc mer/ace- 
phala w Prenolepis -jividula 2 ). CHOHMT. BOCMonojnrn3MOM^ OHH 
o6fl3anbi A'Bare.'ibnocTH Hc.iOBBKa: f)JiaroAapfl ony n ero Topro- 
BHM-L cnomeniflMi OHH, no/iodao MnorHMb 
c.rfuyiomHinj sa qe.iOB'BKOMb nb saiccrB-B ero 
nocTeuenno paciipocTpaiiajincb noim rao BceMy CB'feTy H 
JKaiOTx pacnpocrpaHflibCH. Hx'b PO.JHHOH cjiyatati TponanH. 
OHH H nocefliaci ntHByrb B^ ec'reCTBCHHofl oScTaHOBKi, Bt 



') PojiHHa Monomoriuin jihafnonia no Bcefi ntpoirmncTii naxo;i.HTCa B'i 
Kr/Kiioii Asia, ucero Btpntp ira 3omcitHX'i, ocTposax^. 

a ) Ilejiannn K. 3 >i e p H (924) Ha ocaoBaHia epaBHHTe.iBHarn iisc^t.aoBa- 
iiin BH^OB^ Prenolepis pa3At.iHJi'S STOTt poji-i Ha Tpn rpyuiiH, ycTaHOBHB-B 
Asa HOBUX'B Udjipojia: Prenole/ns s. sir., Nylanderia (n. subgj H J'jUprenotKpia 
(11. subg). Pcfin. nividala OTuecena HMI KI no/ip. Nylanderia, BipoaTHiJMi oie- 
otoro BHjta OHI ciHTaeit AiiepHKy, HMeiiHO MeKCHKy, oiKy/ia oie- 

OICB H OHJII paaseaeii'B no paaiiHM't cTpauai CT> HCBBHMH 



ace HHSKHX^ inHpoTaxT., (5y^yiH He np0cnoco5^eHHHMH RT> yM-6- 
peaHOMy H xojotfnoMy KJiauaTaui, OHH noce-iaioTCH HCIUIIOHB- 
OKOJIO qejiOB'EKa, KT> ero jojiaxi, BT> opaHacepeaxt, ren- 



BOSMOHJHO, qro TaKHiia ace RoCMonojiHTaMH wIuaioTca Lasius 
nifjer a Tetramorium caespitum. 06a ara BHjia saM'SiateabHu rtiix, 
ITO nj)n ofimnpHOMT. pacnpocTpaneniH OTJimaroTca cnocoSHOCTtio 

npH pasHoodpasnux^ ycaoBiflXT, M-fecTOoSHTanifl. Mu 
HXT> KaKX BI pa:ainHxi> .rfecax^, Tata, H K% pt 

mi .iiyraxi, no CKJonani OBparos^ H SajioKt cpejiH 
cienefl, Ha cojzoHo.ax-B, B r t sRH.iHaiax-b qe^OBtKa, HaKoneu^ H BT. 
aJibniScKofl odjiacTH ropi. CJIOBOMI. uoofime Ha pasnuxi 
H cpe^H pas-iHqnoB pacTBTejibaocTH. ITpa TaKHX'B 
cymeeTBOiianiH HaasanHuxT) BHAOBI HH Becsma fio-ismBxt paa- 

CTOflllijlXT, BnOJTHt eCTeCTB6HHO O/KllflaTb, HTO OJIHHI U31, HHX% 

BMenao Tetramorium caespitum nojiBeprca snaiHTe^bHofi CTenena 
pacnaBuiBCb Ha MHoria pasHOBHiHOCTH H pacfif, 
KOHXI. irljKOTOpEifl c^-iajiHCb BH^aMH. ^To-ase KacaeTca 
Lasius niger, TO onx, naapoTaB^, oTJiaiaeTCa CTOSKOCTBK) CBO- 
HXI npn3HaKOBi, CT. saMtqaTejibHUMi nocToaeCTBOMi 

CBOS BHflOBpfi THn%. 

PasjiH^HUJi (|iopMbi Tetram. caespitum oSpasyjorb 
pan^ MOiH({)HBaniH, npio(5p'feTaa pasJiHiHHe upaaHaKii H H3M-6 
as.iHHHHx^ HanpaBJieHiax% cofipaaao ct 
r^b oni pacupocTpaHS-iHCb. TaK'B, ^op 
upaxoflHTca m0Tt uo^t aaJiam,nMH .lyiaMH cojiHija na 
rojoii, no4TH aHineHHofi pacTHTejibHociH noiB-fe, oTaaqaroxca 
crjiameaHOB, 6xec.tsa\e& noBepxnocTbio xatHBa, ofcyTCTBiewi BO- 
JOCKOBI, CBlmoa OKpacKoft TaKOBu: Tetram. caespitum inerme, 
var. meridionale, var. punicum, semilaeve, v. schmidti a ap.; <pop- 
MIJ ate 6ojite ctBepHbixt M'fcctHOCTefl H Soj-fee xojioaHHixt 
jKBBymia na TeMHon;BiTHbixT> noHnaxt ayroB^ BJIH 

rVCTOfl TpaBflHBCTOfi paCTHTeJIbHOCTH, HM'hfOTl TCMHyH), 110- 

>JTH lepnyto OKpaCKy, ^OBOJibHO o^HJibHyK) BOJIOCHCTOCTB a CHJBHO 
BBipajKeanyro CKyjitirrypy c^ p'isKHMH, rpy6biMH MOpmaHKaMH 
Ha roaoBi H rpy^n (caespitum i. sp., var. forte, ferox). Bi> ro- 



26 



paxx JKC MU BCTptiaeifb $OPMH xoTa TO/KB TCMHo OKpameHHua, 
HO CT> iMa^KO-oaeeTaLnea IUIOBOH, BI neM'b BceraKH CKasa-ioeb 
BJuaaie apicaro ropuaro co.iHn,a H B'sxpa (var. splendens). 
ria-ate 4>opjm TetpaMOpiyna yR.aoHH.JHCb B-B TOJTB 
npio(5p'fejiH noeepxaocTb (Jprouiiea BI> rjia^ityio H 
y Bctxi upoiHxt TeipaMopiyMOBX H eoo6me y rpoMajtaaro fiojib- 
apeacTaBHTe.iea Myrmicinae, a CKyatnTHpOBaHuyio, 
npo^oJibeo-uiTpHxoBaTUMH HJH ctiiaTtiMH Mopmaa- 

3TO iflOpMH, aBHKmiaCiJ B^pOflTHO BIJXOAIl,aMU R3l BblCOKHX'S 

ropntix't, ofi.iacTefl u,eHTpaJibno8 Asia, a HOTOM-B nocieaenno 
pacupocTpaaiiBiuiacfl no apajio - EacaincKoa aycxbiH-fe H aaibiiie 
(Tttram. schneideri, striativentre, sericeiventre, reticullventre). 
IIocToaQCTBo ate BT> npnaaaKaxt Lasius niyer a r iyMaio 
ayiKHo ofiiacHHTb rbai oocToaTe.ibciBOMi,, ITO BTOT-B Jiypasea 
npa pasHOofipasia jutcToatHTejibciBi, ecer^a Bbi60paeT^ ce6ii 
M'fecxa, KOTOpua OTJiHiaioTca 6ojte HJH Mea'fce 3Ha4HTeib- 
); npncyrcTBie 3B'fecTaaro KOJinqecTBa BO^U BI 
Hero ueof>xo,piitoe ycaoBie; na cyxax'b no>iBaxi OHT, ae 
. BoTb noieay on-b ocoQeano npon,BiTaeTi cpe^u 
nonum,, na cojoau,axi, BX oropojiaxs H ca^ax r b, 
cupbixi. jicax'b (r^-fe rH'hs^HTca ne TOJibKO B-b 

HO B'b IIHJIX^) H T. a. A BO.W, BOOOme BjaiKHOCTb, KaK'b Mb! 

3HaeM^, ypaBHHBaeii KiHsiaibi, .a/haas doj'fee ojiaooSpaaHUMH yc.io- 
Bia cymecTBOBaaia H Ttiii ciioco()CTBya coxpaaeairo THIM, ITO 
H csasajiocb, BI, MHHbaTiop'fi KOH64HO, na Lasius nig(r. ToJibKO 
B'b oopaxT. jKHBei'b oco6aa (Jiopiaa Lasius niger, B'fepoaTao doji'fce 
ilpeBBflH qtiii, oa^ caiai. 

r) B r b (J>aynij Poccia HM'fiioica eme #Ba BH^a niizpOKOpac- 
npoCTpaneHHtie, npaHa^je/Kainie HOTTH scesiy CxapOMy CB'Biy HJIH 
T. BaabiB. na^eoiencKte, ecjia Cjii^OBaxb xepMHHoaoriH C K Ji e T e p a. 
3xo Monomorium gracillimum w Cremastoga&ter sordidula. 
IlepBbiS, flvAyqn pacnpocTpaaeHi> Bt Asia, B'b A^paK'fe H B - B 
K)3KHo8 Esponi, 6u.ii HaHACHi xaKJKe H Ha ocTposaxi IIojiHae- 
si0. BTOPOH BH^, OKasaBiniaca ^OBOJBHO noaBMOp^abiMi, o6pa- 
syeTi n,4jib]H paAi (|)OpM%, CBoBcTBeHHux'B ne ToatKO BOCTOHHOMJ 

KOHTHHeHTy, HO H 



__ 27 

TattHMi oSpasoMi. npeo5.iajaioni,(iMH BT. 

4>ayat POCCJB iftopuauB aBJiaroTCfl MWHo-najieapKmmecKia BJIB 
0Ha<ie cpeduaeMHOMOpcttia: HXI rposia^Hoe 6on,aj0HCTBO. 
cJitflyiorb eoponeticxifi eoponeticKO-cuiamcKix, n&Jibe 
CKIH. CpaBaaie-iBHO HedoJibraoe IHCJIO 
(|)opMi BOMneHCBpyexca aaaiHTejibHUMi KiuHiecTBOMt eump- 

HblXt 



O53opi> paenpeff"bneHla 

no cTau,iHMT>. 



1. Sna^enie cpe^M BI, JKIISHH >KHBOTHMXT>. Tpn ycjiosia, onpe- 
oTHoineiue acnsoTHaro K-jb cpes'b. CTRUIH H HXI> 



nepe8aeMT> Teaept K^ pascnoTptaiK) pacnpe^tjieHia uy- 
Poccia no TBMI fiio.iorHiecKHMi rpynnaMx, Koxopua 
MH HaauBaeMi cmaninMU. Kaat^an crania saKJuoiaeti B-B ce6t 
oape^jeaHuH KOuajieKC't (J)0pin>, CBasaHHUxi o6m,HOCTbto Micro- 
o6H'raHia. MH snaeiit, MTO BCHKifi BH^I atHBOxnaro^ Bcaicaa 
(|>opMa npiypoqeau KT. asBicTHOny uicTooSaTaHiio, npH^ent 
Sojbraaa qactb $opM^ oSHKnoBCHHO npn^epacHBaroTca CTporo 
KaKoro-Ji06o onpe^-BJieHearo M - l>CToo60TaHia, HO CCTB H 
KOiopwa MoryTi. HIHTL Ha pasjiaiHuxx MtcTOoSHTaHiaxt. 

XapaKTep^ itiscTooSHTaaia KaatjioS ataBOTHofl ^opsra, 
HSBiciao, BuxeKaera 0sx Ttxt caoacauxi, c^araK>maxca HCTO- 
PHHCCKB, cooTaomeaifi, KoropHfl cya;eCTByiOT^ Meac^y 9ioB <|H>p- 
Moft a oKpyataion^BMB ee ycjioBiaMH cymecTBOnaaia. BcaKoe KB- 
BOTBoe xtcao CBaaano ci BTHMH OKpyaEaroin,HM0 ero yc-Kraaim, 
aaxoji;BTCa BO BsaaMOAtncTBia ci OKpyataroa;e0 ero cpejofi. Yc ao- 
Bia 8TOfi cpe^a conpOBoanaBOTi jKHBOiaoe BI TeieHiH Bce8 ero 
JK03B0, OTI MOMCHTa poacjeaia B no cwepw, MorymecTBeaaHiii 
odpasoMi Bjiaa Ha ero JKBSHB. Ho cane mBBoraoe He OTHO- 
c0ica naccBBHO KT, BOSAificiBiio cpe^u; OHO rasx HJH Baaie 
pearHpyeit aa STO BOBA^ECTBie Bctwi cyn^ecTBOMX csoefi opraHH- 
3an,i0. 3K03Hi> 



28 

jiouemoBt pasHoodpasnuxi- B.ihmift Ha Hero OKpy- 
ero yc-iosiS n poaKnifi na HHXT, ero opraaasMa. 
najEflaro JKHuoinaro sauHcnn.: 

1) i;aET> oivrfejibnaro fin;i0BH,!yyJia on. OKpyjKaFomHXT. 
ero tf>n3cK>reorpa<j)n t [ecRnx'b yc.ioiml; 

2) icaK't owLiMiaro (5ioaTa, T. e. q.Tena oKpysaiomaro ero 
nipa /KHBKJXI. cymecrBi, OTI, BsaniiaMXT. o'niouieiiifi c 



n 3) KaKT, iipejciaBnTe-ifl Hsii-fecrnoti (}>aynu, Kant 
cTHOfi cipaiiu on. reorpa(f)nieci;aro tio-ioateHia OTHOCH- 
TC.II~.HO nenxpa ero iipoiicxo'rK,ieHi>i u OTT, nyreH, no KOTOPIJMT> 
IL.LO ero pacnpocTpanenie HU KCMHOH tiORppXHOCTH. 

Bea^aT^, rpti ycjionia oiipej'kiaioTi- amsHt a\HBOTnaro Bt 
Ka;tj,io8 ^annoti M'fecTnocTn: OJHH ({iHsio-ionnucKis, m-JSuiiaeMUfl 
eM'f. ({laKTOpoRT, nertpraHniecKofi cpe^H, itaKOBti B0, ! (a, 
'L. Tesiiiepaiypa, inmui, aaB.ieuie aTJiodj)epu H CB^TI, flpy- 
rii, tinc'ro Giojorn'iecKia, Tpei'uj reorpa(j)niecKifl. ^TO^H, uoaxo- 
11 y, iiouaih /KH3Hb wnBOTHaro, BUJiciiHTb Bci ea npoaB.aeHia a csaab 
ci. EBMH ero opraiiHaaniu, 'no n cocTaBJiserb oj.ay nsi> OCHOBHHXI 
sajaq'i. uioreorpa({)in, JI.IH 9ioro IIVJKHO oiipe^tjiBTb B.iiaaie 
BC'txi. 9Tnxi, Tpfxi> \cjiOBJft ii a 7RU3BI, H oprau03an,iio ;RBBOT- 
earo, H cji.iaTb nai;ieaiamyio ontuKy HX-B Baa^eHia B'b npoin- 
Dacxoaa;eMi. n.J\a. Aaanaro JKUBOraaro. 3aAa4a araKpafiHe 
H B% BUCUIPH cienenH cjoffinaa, xpe^yioiuaa c r b OJHOH 
ciopoau TiiiaTe.ibiiFJxi,, npo^o-TffiHiejUHbix'b HaS-noieaiH HXT> na 
jiicxt, nenocpejCTBenno BT> upnpo,n'fc, C'b jipyrofi HSB^CTHOS, 

B03MO/KHOfl npOBtpKil HX^ OntlTHblin. nVTeMT-. 

Mat vKaaaaHbixi VCJOBJH cpaBaaieJibHO Jierie noseaiOTca 
nepsHJi, T. e. MHCTO ({jHsiojornqecitia yc.iOfiia cyazecTBOBaHia. 
OHH Cw.i'be jiocTyiiHbi Haojuoaeeiio n onury. Hsy'iaa HXT-, MR 
noBiopaTb HX^, BiuoBSMtHaa H KOM60H0pya pa3.iHM- 
otfpasoin.. B-ropusj, T. e. CioJoraiecKia yaiOBia cyuiecxBO- 
ifl, ropasjio CJOiKa-fee H TpyaaM juin asyienia. OHH BbrreKarorB 
norpi^HOCTefi /huoorHaro K'b miTaHiio n pasiinoseHiio, T. e. 
npeaue Bcero nai> safioii ero o canoM'b ceoi, o CBoeMi a, 
3arIjM r b ocHOBBJcaiOTCa na JHO^BH atHBOTHaro KT> CBOCMV HOTOM- 



_ og 



H noneieHsx% ero o ae&^ 0, HaKonen,i, aa crpeiuieaa 
ero KI otfujeaiio CT> ^pyrosm cyiuecTBaiia, T. e. 
HOCTH. Bt ctiJiy 9T0xi> noTpetfaocTeB H jsejiaaia 

0M1. H IIpOHCTCKaiOTX BC'fe 'Hi CJIO/KBbia COOTHOI0eHJa, KOTOplia 

y Bcanaro /EHBoraaro ci> ,apyr0MH npejciaBHTe- 
opraeHiecfcaro iiipa. PeryjinpyiOTca-ate 8T cooTHOineHia 
6opb6oS sa cymecTBOoaHie. TpertH ycjiosia 
cymeci'BOBaeia onpe^JiaiOTca HCTopaiecKHiiH npHqaaaiiH, 

KOTOPHXT. BO BpeMeHH n npocrpaacTBi 
Ha sewjit. Kaat^ug BU^T> KHsorHaro joiiaKeH-b 6uji% BOS- 
Ha KaROM^ HaSy^b nynKit SBMHOH iiOBepxaocTB, BT. 
nfiy^b n,eHTpii, OT-B Koroparo OHT, H aa-ian pacnpo- 
CTpaaaibca Bt HSB'BCTHOMX aaupaBjieaiH. Bayat^aa H crpaacTBya 

HO 3eMHO UOBepXHOCTH, BHJH JKUBOTHUXl JOJIHtUH 6bIJH HCObl 

na ce()ij set Ti HSMtaeaifl, KOTOpbiM-b 9ia noBepxaocxb 
ajiHCb cawH, npacnocoSjaacb KT> HOBHM'B 
cymecTBOBania. Hsyqaa nepecejieaia atHBOTHBix^, JBH- 
HXX no seMBofl noBepxaociH, MH yStat^aeMCa, ^TO HH 
OI0H1. BH^X He HaxoflHica BT. COCTOHBJH a6cojiiOTaaro noKoa; 
oat Bcl>in> cyiD,ecTBOMi CBOHMT. yiacTByeii BO BceofimeMb ^BH- 
eaiH, coBepuiatoaieMca BOKpyri. Hero n BT. HCM^ caMOMi, yqa- 
ciByexi BI HenpepuBHOMi) HSMtaeaiH sejiaoB noBepxaocTH. YCJIO 
sia SHSBH H nepecejieHifl O^BHXI BHAOBI JKHBOTHUXX CJIOHIH- 
asHMi oSpaaoiii, qro OHH B^ naztmS MOMCBTI aaaHMatorB 
IUH Meate ^B^bHyro, aenpepHBHyro o6jiacTb pacnpocrpa- 
neaia, ^pyrie-ate BH^U OKaswBaioTca pacnpocTpaaeHBbiMH ne 
cnjiomb, a cnopaflHiecKH, 8ro BHJH npepuBnaTaro HJTH pasofin^ea- 
aaro pacnpocipaBeaia; HXI MH HOHTH BC^XI MoaieMi. c^araTb 
, ta.K% KaKi BI SojibraoaciB-B cjiyiaesi aio oneab 
T0aa, OCTETKH npeatanxi ^ayaii. Hn'feioTca xasie eaie 
, KOTOpue, saaajiaa cajtomayfo oSjiactb pacnpocTpaaenia, 
B% Toate speMH BcxpiqaioTca H Bat ea Ha OTfliubaHXT., pas- 
(Spocaaauxi nyHBraxi o60raHia ci> onpe^'BJieHBHMH ycaoBiaM0, 
OM^romnMa TicHyto csasb HJIO CT> HXI nponubiirb pacnpocipa- 
HeaieMi, HJIH CT, aopMajibBUMx xapaKtepowi. MiciooCuTaaia, 910 
pacapocTpaaeaia. Tanoe aKSoBBBiecKoe pac- 



30 - 

upocTpaeeaie CT. OAHofi cropoHu MOJKCTI yKaaunaTb aa npeac- 
Hroio fio-iie o(5mnpayK) odjiacri,, Kor,aa-To duerayK) aaaaioS BH- 
JIOMT>, a CT> flpyrofi CTopoau MOHterb 6uTb uusBaao H nos^aia- 
UIHMI pacnpocipaaeHieMi. BB^a, T. e. c,rfcaoBaTe.ibHO BT> STOUT. 
0oc.a4,sBeMi. cjiyHai SyjjeTT, oSoseaiaTb Teniean,iio BH^a K^ jaab- 
H-feBmeiiy pacnpocTpaacaito o6jacin csoero HOpMajifcaaro o50- 
raaia. HaKoaen,x, ayatao HM^TB BT> BHJV H Tasie BH^H, KOTO- 
pae 03^ npejiiJOBx oSjacrn csoero aopua-ibaaro pacnpocrpa- 
HeHia saaoceaH naccnBHO B^ jipyrifl, naorjia oieab OT.aa.ieH- 

BUS, M'tCTBOCTH HCJIOBtKOMl HJIB TCpeST. DOCpejlCTBO ffpyfHXX 

^aKiopOBT,, aB,iaa npH&rkpt anotiKWieiKcno ') pacnpocrpaHe- 
aia. Tasie B0flbi oiMH^atorca iiaauoxapaKiepaocTBio M'icio- 
o^HTaaia u ntcia HX^ BTOpniaaro noce.ieuia ne HM'fciori. 
HHKaKoro OTHomeaia m. oGjiactH ax^ npeajaaro, aopMajibaaro 
pacnpocTpaeeaia. 3io BHJH n copaue", o^uKBOBeaao ofiuiapao 



MCCTblO. 

llo^i. BJiiaaieiii, BC'txi BuaieyKasaHauxi ycjiosiS B^ Teie- 
oie HaeicTaaro nepioAa BpenenH aa seii.-rb cjoataJHCb onpeA'B- 
cKia rpynnu, Bupa(5oTa,iHCb oco(5ue 30o6oraHH- 
THnu HJH <|)opiian;iH ato TaKia KOM5Haaa,iH 
H paci'HTeibBuxt ^>opM%, aanpaateaie atH3aeHabixi> emit H 
aifi Koiopuxi, aaxo^HTca BT. a-BKOTOpOMb ycToaqHBOM'b 
cia. Oaa apeiCTaBJiaiOT'B codoio ooBOKynaocib 

HSBtcTayio rpynnapOBKy BH,T;OBI pacienia H 

pacapocipaaeaie Kaat^aro BHjia H peryjnpyio- 
m,HXf> ero oSpasi SIBSHH. TaKHx-b OCHOBBUX^ THQOBI uu paaaa- 
qaeiii, ET> npeA'fejiaxx Poccia leTupe: .atct, cienb, nycTbiaa a 
ropaua o5aa,CTH. Kaa?Au8 nsx STHXT. THUOB^ BI CBOIO oiepeib 
aa cmcmiu (stationes) 2 ). Cran,ia jee Moryi'i. 



') 06a nocataHie TepsiHHa BBejeHH OH.IH BiiepBHe BT. OoTaHiiKt noicofl- 

BHMT, aKa^eSIHKOM% C. H. KopJEHHCKHJIl (CM. ITpH.TOa:. K^ IIpuTOK. 3WkH. 

KasaiiCK. 06m. ECT., J6 87;. OUR Buojuit upHM'BHHMhi H in. 30oreorpa<{iiH. 

") TepjiHHi aioTT., npejiaoseiiHHfl HPA&BUO HamHH'& aHTojiojoros'B A. H. 
CeweHOBUM t-f a. H B-ffl a H c K H ML (CM. PyccK, BHTOM. OfiosptHie, 1 9( 6 r., 
46 12, OTK. KpaTHRo-Gafijiiorp., ctp. 108; BMtcio npexuaro ciauniH, 
OHTB npaiiHTi BiiKT, iiecojiHtHuo Soate yjaiHuft u 



31 

0o.npa3.iii.ieHU aa <5ojii>e Mejmia EaTeropia, aa cianja 2-ro no 
pflAa HJIH nodcmauiu (substationes), a STB BT. CBOIO 
pacaajiaioTca aa eme Meabmia C^HHHI^H, aa 

H T. fl. 

JTscaaa (JwpManja pacnajaexca aa cjiijiyiomia CTanja: Taflry 

H.1H e^OBO-nHXTOBHfi JIBC%, JIBCTBeBHuS .itci H COCHOBH8 6op'fc. 

I>opMan,ia CTCHH saujtioMaeTi. BI ce6ii cxai^in: qepnoseMHyto 

(KOBHJibHyio H jyroByio) CTent, KasieHHCTyio CTent, 

BYIO H CTCUI. KycTapHHBOByro. ^opjiauia IIYCTHHH COCTOHTI 

CTai;ifi: nec'jaHafl nycTUHH, ranHHCTO-noauHHaa H 

FopHaa oljiacTt, no MoeMy MaiHiio, cosepzKHTi riaBHUMt o6pa- 

30MX JIB xapaKtepnufl ciaijiB: a.imitfcicie .nyia, npocTapaioin,ie- 

Cfl OTT. BepXHCtt rpaHHU,H JI^COB^ SO UOAHOJRifl JieiEHEOBl,, H 

cmentt HR Ka&ieHHCTOM^ rpyati c% c^a6o paaBHTHMx 

HOSpOBOM^ H C% CpaBHHieibHO 6'B^HOS TpaB8HB- 

CTOS H KycrapHHEOBOft pacTHTejtHocTbto. 3ty HweHHO CTan;iK), 
BucoByro Baropuyio cxenb, a ciaiaro speBHie paBHHHHofi CTCHH, 
BT oco(JeHHOCTH iepB03eMHofl, H ^yMaio, it 
BejieTi. CBOe npOHcxoat^enie OTT> aepsoB. TO^HO Tasate H 
HVCTRBH oiesH^HO 6oaie nosjaaro nponcxoHt^eaia, TBMX rop- 
Haa, no Bee-ate jpeBnie HepHoseimoS cxeiin. ,Haate, Met ua- 
xeica, ITO $ayaa COCHOBHXX fiopOBi jpeBaie, H^MI, jiHCTBea- 
HHXI, JitcoBi, a ara nocji'Bjiaaa ciaprae Taaru, aB^aromefica BO- 
o6ii;e noBH^BMO&iy HaafSojilje HOBOH cpeAB Bctx't 



dojiuuu TaKffie ^ojiatan fibm paacMaipHBaeMH 
CTan,ia, xoxa oai TaKoro mtibsaro xapasiepa 
BHtneyKasaHHbia ae 0414101%. PtqaHa ^OJIBBU, npoxow qepeai 
Apyria craii,iB, ofSuEBOBeaao saaMCTByiOTt HtBOiopue BJiCMeHTH 
#ayHH, a noTouy CTa^oaapaoe aaa^eaie BI HCTBBBOMI 

cjosa oai HMirorB TOJBKO ^ja BO^HUXI o6aTaTejea. 
IIoflCTanjaMH xaara woryr^ 6aib qacTHfi ejioBO-naxTOBtifi 
a CMiniaaatia; aacTBeaaaro j^ca: flyfioBiifi atei el npa- 
mapoEOJiHCTBeaHbixx nopo^i Ha ciBepii, (JyEO- 
aa rori aaaaAii, a depesoBOfl JTBCI. CocaoBue 6opu pac- 
aa c^ywa^ia substationes: cyxofi cocHOBHfi 



6opi>, CMtmaHHiaa 6opi. CroAa-a\e BI, KaqeciBi sub- 
statio MO/KBO npniHC.iHrb B jacrBeHHaiauS <5opt B7> oSme&n 

OIPHb CXO^BUfi HO CBOHMT> 0"io;iOnmeCK0MT> VC-IOBiaMlj Cl. COCHO- 

Buin, oopoin>, paBHO KaKi, H fiopx, pasBHTtifi na CKa.iaxi, H 
yrecaxij. l IepH03eMHyio cxeiib MBI MoaeMi noflpa3A4.THTh na 
Koobi.ibHi/to ci npeort.iajaHiejii pb^Ko pacryua,Hxi AepHOBHH^ 3Jia- 
KOBI, BT> ocoCenaociH innqaKa H KOBu.iefi, H .lyweyio, pasHOTpasayK) 
ci ciLtoiiiHUMo rpaBflHHCTUj^ iiOKpOBOMX, cpe,i;H KOTOparo KO- 
COBCBMJ> MoateT'b H ue GUTE,; KaMeuucman cment> raKJKe 
xapaKiepOM-i. pacT0ic.ibHoc'rn n (j>ayHH, 
CMOipa noTOiiy dy^eri-ju ona pasBHta Ha si'Bjy, Ha rpyduxt 
na weprejii HJH ua CKaaaxi H T. p, 

MypaBteBT. no BciMt STHMI cTan,iaMT> n 
6ojii>e ueJiKHMT. HXI no^pas^lijeaiJiMi) npe^cTaB-iaeni 
UIJH xapaiuepeua ocooeHaocru, Ojarowpii KOTOpuMi 
CTan 1 ia Hiiiert cBofi caeqiaabHufl MHpjieKOJiorHqecKi8 



2. TaGjinna paeiipe,Tl">.~ieiiiii Mypai3beB'i> no r 
ii cratuHMTj, puBiio icaiv'L ii n o reorpac^inecKHMt y'lac 

Pocciii. 



H^MT. nepefixa a-i, pascworp'BHiK) 
no CTan,iawx cocTaBjeniro CHHCKOB* (Jtopni, xa 
jjia TOH HJH xpyroS CTan,ia, MU BtipasHMi) aio 
BT> BH^t c.i'IjjiyfoaieH Ta6jiHn,u, KOiopaa npejicxaBHTi 
co(5oK> CHHCOK^ BC^xii (JjopMi> MypaBi.eBx, #o cnx'b nopx Ha0ACH- 
HUXX BI> npejiijiaxi Pocciw. B^ neS-JKe OTuiMeao pacnpocrpa- 
Heaie orji'BJibHbixi (Jtopiax BT> POCCJH no cji't^yromBM^ KpynHUMx 
yqacTKaM-L, Ha EOTOpae MH ^i.a0n^ Teppatopiio PocciacKoa 
HMnepia: EsponeBcKaa Poccia, KpUMi, KaBKasx, CnSHpb H Ty 
SaaBi -t- yKasHBaeti Ha npaHaweaiHOCTB ^opaiu KJ. 

CTanja n Baxoat^CHie BT> TOMI BJIH 
x oftosHaiaen., ITO ia HJIH apyraa 4>opMa, 

CTan,i0, He (Jy^yiH o^HaKO xapaKiepaofi 



33 



2 


HA3BAHIE BHAOBX, PACl H 
PABHOBHflHOOTEfl 


as 
M 


e 

<L> 

ff 

P? 

m 



ta 

l=! 


1 

IO 

=s 

o 
o 
u 


g 

07 

f 
o 


M 

a 

1 
t" 

ea 


PI 

SB 


i 
1 


<_ 




| 


^, 

B3 


t 
1 
1 


1 KaBKaat | 


A 

Ou 

M 

to 

a 


e 

a 

OS 

i. 


























_ 


4- 


1 


Camponotas tichomirovi . . . 










+ 




4- 


_ 











4- 








-h 




_ 


+ 




4- 


___ 











4- 




























4- 


4 


v. obliquipilosns. . . . 










4- 






_ 


_ _ 


^ 





4- 














4- 




_ 








_ 





4- 




























4- 


/ 

s 


dichrous v. ferganensis 
T. flavoniiidus .... 














4- 
4- 




















4- 
4- 


HI 






+ 






) 


X 


? 








4- 




















4- 


L 


__ 














4- 


19 








_ 




4- 





__ 














4- 








+ 


+ 


+ 




_ 


?4- 


4- 


+ 


4- 





__ 


14 


v. silvatico-aethiops . . 


- 


+ 




4- 














+ 
4- 


4- 








la 
16 

1 y 


v. silvaticoides .... 





>C 





4- 
+ 








_j 







4- 












+ 


+ 


_U- 










4- 





_ 


_ 


_ 







+ 


+ 










H 







_ 


_ 

































20 


v. sliitkovi 


+ 
























2 


v. whymperi 


























n 

29 


v. sacbalinensis .... 


4* 


















4- 


+ 


_ 






























24 


saxatilis 


























So 




























2b 


vagus 



























J! 
* 


HA3BAMIB BflflOBT), PAC"B H 
PA3HOBB,O.HOCTEfi 


c3 

Ui 

ta 

9S 

&1 


f 

O 

# 

t? 

GQ 
H 
ZJ 
H 
1^ 


B. 
o 
<o 

a 

c< 
^o 


wO 
G 
V 

O 


w 
s 
B 

o 
>. 

n 


ti 

X 
H 
^ 

o 

H[ 

(5 
(r 




M 

Cu 

c> 
t- 


S 

o 
c- 

ca 

S, 
ec 
GS 


> 

a 

c. 

K 


1 EaBEaai 


& 

B9 
>0 

a 
w 


t 

ca 

c. 

>v 

fr> 




















4. 




4- 


4- 


4- 


1 

24 






-4- 






^^ 


4- 




4- 




+ 


































29 


v. kauiensis ...... 




-f- 


X 


















4- 


30 
























4- 




1 
32 

33 


lateralis (typ.) .... 





X 





+ 

4- 








4- 

4- 


4- 


?+ 

4- 


4- 
4- 




4- 


31 


v. xnerula 








4- 






4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


_ 


_ 


35 


interjectus 








+ 












4- 




4- 






















i 


1 






00 




























3/ 


Prenolepis viTidula 




















i 






38 
39 


imparis T. nitens . . . 


+ 


+ 


-f 


+ 




4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


40 
11 


r. alieno-niger .... 
?. pinetornm 




+ 


X 

+ 


+ 





+ 




4- 
4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 
4- 





42! 


emarginatns 





+ 




X 


- 








4- 





4- 





4- 


4o 
11 


alienus 




X 


+ 


+ 


4- 


+ 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


45 


v lasioidss 








^ 


4- 










4- 


4- 


4- 


1fi 






+ 










4- 


4- 


4- 


+ 


4- 














I 












i 






47 


v. pallidns 


























48 
44 


emery! , . 
foliginosns 




+ 












4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 




50 








+ 


4- 


"xr 






4- 




4- 


4- 




51 


flams 


4- 


+ 




4- 




4- 


+ 


4- 




4- 


4- 




fi? 


v. fuscoides 






+ 










4- 




4- 


4- 


_ 































35 






HA.3BAHIE BBAOB%, PAC% H 
PASHOBHaHOCTEft 


oa 
f* 

1 


> 
f> 

*t 

n 
t- 

rf 
a 
e=S 


1 

10 

H 

V 

O 




C3 
f 


w 

X 

PI 

o 

t>-. 

ca 


B 


K 




* 

o 

h 


w 

V 
O 

1 

S3 


e 

(8 
Ot 

Ex3 


1 KaBKaai 


MS 
& 

M 



^> 


1 

>* 
H 


CO 






4- 


+ 


4- 


. 


_ 


__ 


4- 





4- 


4- 





KM 








+ 




_ 


__ 


4- 


4- 





4- 


4- 













+ 






_ 


4- 


4- 


*. 


4- 


4- 


_ 


00 

Eft 






+ 


+ 


+ 


_ 


X 


JMr 


- 





4- 


4- 


_ 


K7 










+ 


_ 


_ 


4- 


+ 


_ 


4- 








fia 






+ 


+ 


X 


_ 


_ 


__ 


4- 


_. 


4- 


4- 





eft 










+ 






_ 


_, _ 


4- 


4- 





. 


Aft 


v af finis 






+ 


+ 




_ 


.. 


4- 





4- 


4- 





i 




4- 


-t- 


+ 






X 


_ 


4- 


__ 


4- 


4- 


^. 


























> 1 




62 

60 


v. mevidionalis .... 




+ 

-f- 


+ 


+ 








4- 




4- 


4- : 


4- 


























-4- 




64 

6K 


v. yessensis 




+ 


+ 


+ 


X 


+ 


X 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


6 






x 




+ 








4- 








4- 





67 




4- 


+ 


vr 






+ 




4- 


_ 


4- 


4- 


_ 






























6 






^ 


-t- 


H- 




X 






4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 






























7 


v. rufomaculata .... 


4- 










X 






, 






4- 






























7 


v. gagatoides 


4- 


Se: 




















4- 


7 




























7 


v. muralewiczi . * . 


























7 


transcaucasica .... 
























4- 


7 


























4- 


7 


























4- 


7 






















3* 







36 



3. 


HA3BAHIE BHflOBl, PAC1 H 
PASHOBHftHOCTEft 


a 
u 
ae 
a 


u 

a 


cu 
o 

a 

o 


a 

H 


1 


a 

X 

S 
o 


SI 
B 1 


a. 


a 

o 


'o 

a 


: x 
a 


KasEBai 


X 

a 
u 


X 

ra 
6-1 


7 


clara ........ 








X 




4- 


'- 


4- 


- 





-1- 


4- 


+ 


8 
e 








+ 


X 








4- 


+ 




4- 


4- 


s 








+ 


X 


+ 


XT 




+ 


+ 


+ 


4- 


4- 


8' 


v armenica .... 








X 


-x 




+ 







+ 








S , 




X 


4- 


+ 






XT 


X 


+ 


+ 


_j_ 


4- 


4- 


























4- 




80 

86 
87 

88 


7. mollessonae .... 
Proformica aberrans 
v- nitidior . . . . 













>+ 





? 4- 











4- 


4- 
4- 
4- 


89 
90 


Myrmecocystns bicolor ! ) . . . 
setipes ... ... 











X 


4- 





? 





+ 


+ 





4- 


91 


v. tnrcomanicns .... 














4- 





? 4- 


- 


- 


+ 





4- 
4- 


92 


v. lucidus 
























4- 


93 
94 


altysqaamis y. jakobsoni 
foreli 










-h 






+ 




_ 




4- 




























4- 


95 


v. bucli.iricus 1 
























4- 


96 
97 


v. gracilens 










H- 












_ 


4- 














_L 














4- 


So 












i 














4- 


yy 
100 








>^ 










+ 


+ 


+ 


___ 


4- 


101 






X 












+ 


, 


4- 








102 
103 


Acantholepis frauenfeldi . . . 










X 


- 














4- 





4- 
4- 


101 


v semenovi . . ... 




















_ 


_ 


4- 































') Myrraec. bicolor P.=Myrm. Fiaticus v. desertorum. For. 



37 



iff 
! 


HA3BAH1K BHJOB'B, PiCt B 
PASHOBHflHOCTEfi 


CQ 

t* 

ts 


k" 
v 
* 
1=3 



M 
* 


=s 


i " 
o. 

O 

o 

a 

4> 
O 

c_ 


M9 
C 

O 




i 

i 

OS 

a 


o 
^ 

C 


: 
e 

e 

K 

a> 

9 




ex 




'3 

o 
O 
C-i 

B 
o 
1% 

BQ 

CQ 


ta 
; 



tt 


j Eassaai 


* 

0. 

eg 
<o 
n 
o 


tf 

e 
O. 

8 

H 


(A 




























; m< 

IA7 


Plagiolepis pygmaea .... 












x 


> 


+ 




4- 




4- 


1AC 




















1 








lO'l 
























4. 




110 


















4- 
















































! 














_j- 




113 


Liometopum microceplialnm . 





_J 





1 











-h 





4- 
4. 




4- 






























I la 
lid 


v. schmidti 




+ 
+ 














4- 


-t- 






117 


auberti v. sorokini . . 







- 




+ 













. ( 





4- 


119 
120 


v. striaticeps 











+ 

4- 













4- 




4 





121 
122 


subdentata 
v. scaLrida 





X 


_ 


-1- 


4- 





_)- 







4- 

-4- 





4- 


I9'4 












I 
















l?'l 


sordidnla 








-f- 


-4- 




4- 






4- 




+ 


125 












-+. 














.1, 


l?fi 










-f. 












4. 






127 
l?8 


bogojawlenskii .... 





N^ 


s<- 


-+. 


v 


N^- 


-t- 


4- 


+ 


4- 





4- 


1?<l 


orientalis 




+ 


-I- 


-(- 


-\- 






-f- 




4_ 


1 


_(_ 


HO 

























































38 



! 


HA3BAH1E BEJOBt, PACTi H 
PASHOBHflHOCTEt 


05 

C~i 


t 
u 

*! 

flB 
g 


t 
e. 

o 

>G 

ta 


A 

a 


yciHua 1 


s 
ee 

f=t 

o 


a 


o. 


'o 

u 

CW 

3 
o 



S 


M 
CO 


a 
a. 
a 
\o 


s 

0- 


* 




E- 


=j 


o 


o 


B 


w 

a. 


f-H 


5 


M 


M 


O 


E- 






























131 
132 


orbula v. latroides . . 










-f 














-t- 




























_4- 


133 
131 


Tetrajnorium schneideri .... 










+ 


XT 












+ 


135 


caespitum 


N^ 


+ 


4- 


_|_ 


-x 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


-t- 






























loo 
137 


v. ferox 
v. forte 




^S 


->f 


+ 








? 


+ 


-r 






13S 


v splcjnduns 








+ 






X 






+ 


_ 


_ 


139 
140 

1 1 T 


v. reticuli?entre. . . . 
v. meridionale .... 











+ 


+ 
+ 


X 







+ 








+ 

-4- 
-f 
























_)- 




+ 


1 A'l 




















+- 






H- 


I M 


iiicnne 








H- 


+ 












+ 


4- 






























14.) 
llfi 


StronjtyJognathus testaceus . , 
christophi 




+ 


-f 


H- 

-h 


-^ 


+ 




+ 






+ 




117 


v. retbinderi 




+ 










v+ 




_ 


-+- 




_ 


US 
149 

15(i 


Myrmeeina graminicola .... 
Formicoxenns nitidulus .... 


+ 


+ 
+ 

x 


+ 

x 


H- 

_l_ 










-h 
+ 





+ 

+ 


+ 
+ 

































151 


Tomognatus sublaevis .... 






+ 










+ 










152 
153 

151 


Myrinoxeiins gordiagini .... 
Leptothorax bulgarkns v.melleus 











?+ 


^>^ 





+ 

+ 








+ 




4- 

+ 




























4- 


loo 
Infi 


nassonovi 






*? 


-h 


V 






+ 






4- 


+ 































39 



a 


HA3BAHIB BHflOBt, PACX H 
PASHOBHflHOCTEft 


a 

a 


& 

n 



1=1 


] 

o 

1 

o 


H 

49 
V 


f 


P) 
pa 

1 

H 

If 

f. 


1 


a 

o 
CM 

i 

A 
OB 


K 
a. 


1 EaBiasi 1 


>4 

0. 



m 

CJ 


a 

Pu 

6-1 


157 
158 
159 
160 
161 
162 
163 
164 
165 

IKK 







X 
X 


4- 
X 


4- 











4- 
4- 
4- 
4- 


4- 


4- 
4- 

4- 
4- 
4- 

4- 


4- 

4- 


4- 
4- 


tuberum 






coi'ticalis 





4- 
X 

4- 
X 


X 















pxilia 


X 
X 


+ 












affinis 











4- 













4- 


4- 


4- 

.,1. 


4- 

4- 


167 







X 

X 


J- 


4- 








168 
169 
170 
171 
172 
173 
174 
175 
176 
177 
178 


v. anoplogynus .... 


nylanderi. .,.... 











4- 




4- 















t 






4- 


4- 





ineluikovi 





- 















4- 





v. branneri . . . . 
nigritns 





9 : 





X 

































X 

1 


4- 














4- 
4- 


Temnothorax recedens 








4- 





4- 
4- 
4- 


4- 
4- 


180 


Mychothorax acervornm .... 
v. nigrescens 


4- 


+ 


4- 







X 


4- 


4- 


' 


181 











4- 


4- 


_ 










40 



*, 

V. 


HA3BAH1E BHJIOBX, PACl H 
PASHOBBflHOCTEfi 


rt 

L 

tx 
ei 


cs 
u 
*a 

BJ 



H 
u 



=5 


o 

o 

VO 

33 
w 
o 
O 


rt 

a 
i* 
tt 
c> 




B> 

a 

o 
! 

a 


3 


a 

>=! 
o 



g 
) 

o. 


a 

& 

o 

p-l 



1 

(S 

s 



C, 

CQ 

ca 


t* 

a 
a 

c. 

a 


EasEaai, 


U) 

o. 

o 

ag 
w 


t 
a 
a 

Z 

EH 






























to* 




























Io4 

1 QC 


v. fagi 


























186 


flavescens 


























. 187 
i ^s 


hirticornis v.sibiricus. 


- 


+ 


* 











- 











4- 





1 sO 




























19U 


stambulovi 












?+ 












4- 


191 
192 


v. koshewnikovi . . . 
bogdaiiovi .... 











+ 


x 




+ 


+ 





+ 





+ 


193 


Monomorium salomoiiis .... 





- 


- 


X 


+ 













+ 





4- 


195 
!9fi 


gracillimum 
barbatulum ... 














+ 

4- 


- 








- 








. 
4- 

4- 


107 


pliaraonis 
















-4- 




+ 






198 


Pheidole pallidula 








-4- 


+ 




vr 


-f- 


-t- 


+ 




-l_ 


199 


v. arenarnm . . 










-f- 
















200 




























?.(!} 


megacephala 






X 




+ 










+ 




4- 
4- 


202 

*U3 


Myrmica rnbida ........ 


















+ 


+ 





4- 







v>04 




























f>fl"> 


v. fortior 














_4_ 








4- 
i 


+ 


206 


dstiungnrica 


























m 


laeviriodis 


+ 


+ 


-\- 


;x 




-f. 


4. 


|. 




1 


i 


1 


208 


v. ininuta 














J- 









































41 



! 


HA3BAHIB BHAOBt, PACX II 
PASHOBHIHOCTEfi 


a 

! 


g 


n 

05 

g 

Us 
n 


i* 
a. 
o 
<o 

X 
o 

o 
C5 


>a 

B 

H 
O 


w 
s 

a 

S 

^ 

a 


a 

X 



Bt 

a 

T 




^ 

> 


5 
* 

u 

9 

3 

i 
ca 

fl 


<f> 

& 


2t4 


I Kaniraai 


m 
A 
t= 
O 

B 
O 


e 
s 
a 
o. 
>> 
6-1 


















4 











4- 


209 
210 


v. tennispina .... 
rnginodis 


+ 


+ 


+ 


X 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 
4- 





4- 

4- 


+ 


4- 
+ 


ill 
212 


var. barchanica . . . 














4- 

4- 




















4- 
+ 


610 






X 


+ 


4- 


_ 


X 


+ 


4- 


4- 


4- 


+ 


+ 


14 










+ 


_ 


.__ 














4- 





215 

04 A 










4- 


_ 

















+ 





ilD 

217 


v. bessarabica .... 


-f- 








4- 











4- 


- 





4- 





S 




X 


+ 


4- 






4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


+ 


+ 


y 






X 


4- 


4- 




X 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


4- 


- 


220 








4- 


4- 




_ 


__ 


4- 








+ 





1 










4- 




_ 


, 


4- 


+ 


4- 










22; 


saposhnikovi ..... 


+ 
s<- 


X 


4- 







- 


4- 











4- 


H- 


4 








4- 


X 






+ 


4- 


4- 


4- 


+ 





225 








4- 


X 






_j 


+ 


_ 


_ 


+ 





226 
























-\- 




22 


coinmarginata .... 




e + 

-t- 


?4- 










4- 




_ 




,^. 


22 






+ 













_ 


_ 


_ 








22 






3 _U 






















23 


asiaticum . 




' 1 






















23 
23 


Ischnomyrmex rhaphidiiceps . 
Aphaenogaster subterranea . . 


- 


4- 





?4- 




X 




- 




4- 


- 


- 


23 




























23 


gibbosa v. uiuBchtaidica 



























_ 42 









r> 


i 






a 




tq 












HA3BAHIB BH.HOBI, PACT> H 




* 

1 


P< 

o 

XO 




a 


=5 




O 








* 


3 


PASHOBHJtHOCTEft 


a 

*s 
* 


n 

SI 


s 
o 


a 

H 


H 


eC 
P 1 


a 




ra 
c. 


a 
a 

Q. 


H 

a 


Pu 

a 

* 


at 
04 






** 


n 






H 


S 




0) 
K 


i4 


u4 




^ 






























236 
217 


testaceopilosa 


- 




- 


- 












1 




















95Q 




























rt O A 


Messor structor 








-f 






x 




+ 




? + 
































241 


tataricus 




































242 


lobnliferus T. excursions 


- 








IX 


+ 





?+ 














4- 


243 


barbarns ....... 











X 


+ 




















+ 


'11 












. I 














. I. 


245 


v. aralocaspius .... 


_ 
























+ 














246 


v. meridionalis . . . 


- 








- 


+ 








+ 





+ 


- 


+ 


247 


v. jakowlevi 


_ 






+ 










+ 


=-. 





_ 






























249 


aegyptiaeusT. incoiTiiptng 











X 







+ 








+ 







250 


striaticeps 


_ 


_ 




^, 






_f 




_ 


_j_ 


a 





51 


caducns 








^ 


+ 










+ 




? + 


m 


Ponera coarctata 












V 








+ 






253 


v. lucitla 


























254 


ochracea 








?+ 




' 






+ 









9iofi 



aa 



Jtacm Typaea, BI. 



BH^HO, HID HaaSoJibniee BOJIHICCTBO 
KaBKaaa, HMenao OE. 135. Bx 06- 
Boioparo a BKJiioiaio xasaie 3aKac- 



43 

niflccKyio, TyprafiCKyio H Ceicap'fcqeHCKyK) otf-iaeiH H Kapras- 
CKyro creni. 30 CapeniH H EpreseB, KOHCTaTapOBaao so caxx 
nopx 119 <|iopMV, sax-fem BX EBponeHcEofi Poccia 105, BX CH- 
6apa 80 H BX KpHMy 52 '). 

Bx aKoaoraqecKOMX oiHonieHia BX flaaHofi Ta6aHiv& BBiflii- 
jteaia TOJIBKO Haafioji-fee KpynHaa rpynnti, HMe&BO $opMH, npa- 
Ha^Jieatani,ia jitcaMt (Tafiri, cocHOBOMy 6opy u nepHOjicbw), 
cTena, nycTHEffc, pqHKiM% AOJiHaaMx H ropaui*, upa TOMt 



Poccia npeoCaaaaiOTi: HX% HacqaTiiBaeica 197, 03% Koaxt 
rt npHaaweataTi 26 $opMT., cocaoBOiiy 6opy 72 a 
BHM-B JiicaMt 99. CTenaMt CBOHCTBGHHO 119 ^opwi, nycTH- 
95, pfeiBHirB AOOTHaMi 36. Bx BEICOROB o^JiacTH ropx 

74 



3. O6maa xapaKTepucTHKa cranift H rpynnnpoBKa B-B HHXT> 



MHOIO 6uao ya^e ysasaao, ITO iiflpMeKOJioraiecKaa 4>ayna 

POCCIB COOTBtTCTBCHHO OCHOBHHMTb 30060TaHBieCKHM% THHaM% 

ea pacna^aeica Ha leiupe raaBHua rpyana: jicHyio, CTeanyK), 
a ropHyro. UepeH,aeMx reaept KT> ^erajtHOMy pas- 
9T0XT. rpynQ%. 

Jliiceaa ^tayaa saHtmaeTi noaocy xafirn, jiHCTBeaHuxx Jit - 
COBX H COCHOBUXX tfopOBt Ila^eapKTHiecKOB o6jaci0, T. e. ejrfc- 
BCK) cisepHyK) nojOBaay EspoaeScKoa Poccia H 8Ha- 
iacTb CafiapH jo Taxaro oKeaaa, OTrpaHBiBBaacs 
aa cisept TyHjtpoB, Ha rori CTenaMH; aarfeMi oaa xoponio BEI- 
na KaBKaai ex ero orpoMHUMH a-fecaMH, qacxBio BX 
a s% cooTBLTCTByromHX'B MicTaocTaxx TypjcecTana. $a- 
yna cTenHaa saaHMaeix BCK> nojocy cteneB na K)rt EBponeft- 
csofi Poccia, BX SaoaAHOfl a MHtHoa Cafiapa, 3Ha^HTeHyK) 



') l lacaa 3TU HicKojitKO Be coBuaftaTi 
BI nepBoit ijacTH aoero ipyaa (loc. cit., cTp. 770); o6iacHaTca 8io IHCTO cjy- 
laflHHMH offlH6saMH, ffoiiymeiiHHMH TorAa oMaciH upa noA^ei* (popsis, 

HHM% 9E6 oCpaSOMl UpH 



44 

H cisepHoe ETpeflKaBKaabe. nycx&iaaas <f>ayHa 
nojocy nyctbiBb na.ieapKT0iecKoa otfjiacxa B-B npefli-zaxi 
Poccia, T. e. fiojibrayro naciB Typaaa. Basemen.!, ropnaa 
npuaaji.aejKBX'B ropeuMi) ofijiacxaMx Rpaua, KaBKasa, 
Cn60p0, TypKecxaea H ITaMBpa; spOMi xoro en npeflcxasaxeJiH 
Bcxpiqaroxca eme MicTaMH sa aana^'fe Espon. Poccia no oTpo- 
raiii Kapaaxx Bt <J>aejiaBjii0. 

JIn>cmx ffiayua, cymecTBOsaaie KOiopoa licao CBasaao 
ci> -licoiTB, y naci BI Poccia, crpaat o5HJi.HoB JiicaMH, pas- 
oqeHB xopomo H HOJHO. CooSpasHO xapaKiepy earaaxi 
oopasyioinHX^ ,iBi nojtocu crbgepuyw CMoraHyro 
npepuBiaTyro HJH ToiHie CKasai'b: nojocy aicOBi ci- 
H^ymaxi, BT> Bujii; neapepbiBHofi, mapOKOfi nojioctr, 
no.iocy .itcoBi roatHUxx, pas^tJieHHax^ cxenaMn a nycTHaaM0, 
H .i-Bcnaa iiapMeKoaorii'iecKaa ^ayea pacaajaeica na cnsepHyw 
H wMHijw. IlepBaa B00(5u;e ^OBO-ibao dijiaa npejciaBHTejaM0 H 
ojeoofipasaa, Biopaa cpaBHirre.i(>Hu 6oraxa HMH H (5o.ii>e pasao- 
o6pa3Ba. CiBepaaa .licnaa <|>ayHa oopaayexi: l)$ayHy cnaoui- 
Horo XBoiaaro Jiica H.JH Taura; % J) ciBepnaxt JIHCTBCHHHXI li- 
COBI, pasBaTLixt npenMymecxBeHHo aa cyr,iHH0cxo8 noiBi; 
3) cocHOBuxt SopOBi> Ha necEaxt H yxecaxi. K)fflHaa <|ayaacBoS- 
CTiieana aicasi^, pasBaraM't Ha wri Espou. Poccia, BI> Kpu- 
MV. Ha KaBKasi, BI. TypnecxaH's a BT. BocTOiaoM CaGapa 
piacGiH Kpaa). Meatfly JIBVMH STHMB (j)aynaM0 
nocxeneHHHxx nepexonoB^, fijaroflapa KOTOPHMI> 
eica pasjia^ie BT, axi xapasxept H cocraB'B. IOJKHH0 
cxBeaaux'B itcoBi Esp. Poccia npeflcxaBJieai BX B0^t mapo- 

E0.1HCTBeHHbIXl> JltcOBt Ci (5\'KOM1 H rpaCOMl, paSBaXUXX H3 

3 H K)3, BJia Bb Bsjcb HeSojibuiaxi cxennbixi (6afipaiHbixt) 
jicoBi, npeHMymecTBeHHO ^yfioBbixi H BasoBbixi, B-B loacaofi 
no.iOB0Hi Esp. Poccia, /la^euo Bbiflaromaxca ocxpOBKaua H no- 
jiocaMB BI c'rennyio oojiacib, a oSpasyromnxt Tas 
j'icocxenb 0jia upe^cxenie. Jica axa uepexoflaaro xana. 
<J>ayHa xaSra a CBBepHHXi jtacxBeaHuxi JTECOB'B 

(j)ayHa COCHOBBIXI 6opoui OICHB CBoeoSpasaa. Dpo 
KJKHHX!. jiicoBi, Haafio-iie 6oraiyK npeflcxaB0xejiaM0 H 



45 

, ayatHO csasaxB, ixo oaa eme oieafc Maao HS- 
, a B-B BOCTOHHOB C06Hpn H BI TypKecxaH-fe noixa 
BOBCC HC HSBicTHa. MejEjiy BC^MH DTHMH xanauE BCXB MHoro 

0<5marO, OHH HM'BIOX'B MHOrO OAHHaKOBHXl. (JtOpiTB, xlm-B B6 MC- 

H^e ecxB H pasjaiie Kasx BT, OTHOinem0 rpyunHpOBKH 
HXI o60TaH)in,HX%, Taut H npncyTCTBia BI Kaatwfl HSX 

OC06UX^ HMl TOJIBBO CBOfiCTBeHHUXt $OpMl. 9lH TO HMCHHO 

HO <|>opMH, asaaromiflca xapaKtepHHMH AJia Tofi aaa spyrofi cxa- 
iH, sacjiyaLBBatofB ocoSaro BHHMaHia, Tae-B Kasi npHflarort 
oco6Hfi OTneqaTOKi, Ty ocofiyio 4> 3ioHOMiio KaKt Kaatiofi 
Bootfme, xaEi H ea So-iie MBJIKHMX 



Taftra. 

HSB'BCTHO, npejiCTaBJiacT^ rnHpoxyio, 
noaocy xBofisaro aica, cocioamaro raaBHHMi o6pa30M^ H3i> 
CJIH, nHXTBi, COCHH, a BI C0f)Hp0 erne sejipa H jHCTBeaHHuu, 
c^ npHM'BCbro utcxaMH 6epe3H H OCHHH, npoiaayBinyioca WJK- 
eie TyHjpn OT% CKaea0HaBi0 no Esp. Poccia H Ca6Hp0, H 
6ojrtnjyio ^tacit Ypajia, ivifc oea cnycsaexca 
jo 53 c. map. KT> rory. Ha ciBepii xaara nesaM'BTHO 
noaci. KpoBOJiicta nepexo^HTi Bt Tya^py. Ha rorfc oaa 
ci> no.iauH B JiHCTBeHHHii0 jican0, T. e. Tasx Has. 
nojiocoB ocTpoBHtix^ JI-BCOBI; ea.roaiHoB rpaaHitefi BI cpeaaefi 
Poccia cjiyaaTi HHatHee TeTCHie Kaiiu a sepxaee Bojira; Hasa- 
ate tafira ^ocTHraeTi HOITH AO 6acce0Ha IIp0neTH. Tafira 
iaro, MtcxaM0 xpyjHo npoxoAHitaro Bc.ii;ff- 
cxBie 6ypejiOMOB^ H BaaeatHHKa atca, nepesieataiomaroca ct 

o6m0pHUM0 MOXOBEIM0 H TpaBaHHCXIU0 GojOTaMH. BcjfBACXBie 

py6K0 noatapOBt ona BO MHOFHXX Micxaxi, ocoSeHHo Ha CBO- 
e& loatHoS rpaBHi^'B, HOCHXI xapaKiep-t cu^maHaaro Jiica, ne- 
pe^yaci, CT.. y<mcxKaM0 naxaxanx^ uoJiefi H JtHCXBeHaaxi JTE- 
COBI, BjaroiAHxca ^aaeso B-B xafiry H nocieneHHo pacopocxpaHa- 
B-B He2 no rapani HAO.T0HaMi P-BK-E. TMI ae Menie 
cEaaaxt, ^xo6u xaflra oxcxynajia; HaupoxHBi, csop^e Ha- 
sonycxHTB, ^TO ona MCflJieHHO ^BHraexca KT> ry H sana^y. 



46 



SoojioraiecKiB TH^ ea MO.TO^OS, HOBH^HMOMV He ano-WE eme 
c<J>opMHpoBaBmiaca. 

(jmyaa xafira cocxonxi VIST* 



Camp, herculeanus (H var. shitkovi) 

ligniperdus muscorum 

saxatilis Myrmica laevinodis 
Lasius flavus ruginodis 

niger angulinodis (C05.) 
Form, rufa kasczenkoi (Ca6.) 

* pratensis (rufo-pratensis) saposhnikovi (Gen.) 

* exsecta rugulosa 

* pressilabris Formicoxenus nitidulus 

fusca (H v. gagatoides) * Tetramorium caespitum 

sanguinea * Formica rufibarbis 
Mychothorax acervorum (H v. nig- * Myrra. lobicornis 

rescens) 

BOM^ BI criHCBB oTMiieHKi 4>opMH, oco6eHHO xapaK- 
Tafinr. KT> BHM^ a?e no Bcefl sipoaTHOCTH npaierca 
Myrm. angulinodis H kasczenkoi. SB-fes^oiKa no- 
nepe^x TaKusm ^opmawH, Koropaa coocTBeeno HC npa- 
Taflri, no ycnf>jin ja^eKO pacnpocTpannxBca Ha C-B- 
rjaBHUMi, oSpasoMi, no COCHOBHMI. fiopaai, no npociKaMT. 
H Tapani, no CKJioHawt piiHuxi ^OJHHI. Lasius niger w fla- 
vus npHjuepatHBarotca 6o.nbine KyjiBTypHHxi pafioaoBi H flo-nam, 
ptEii, XOTS BcrpiiaioTCfl H BT. aicy. 

HtKoxopua 4'P MIJ HHrepecHH rfcMx, ^TO ^oxojaTi no ca- 
Mofi ctBepeofi OKpaHHH raSra, ^o rpaHHn,H ea ci xyH^poffl, STO 
Camp, herculeanus v. shitkovi, Form, fusca v. gagatoides, 
Mych. acervorum, Myrm. ruginodis. Ho Bonpoct o Tout, ain- 
OHH fit caMoB Tynapi, H B0o6^e 

MypantH, noKa ocTaexca OTKPHTHMX. 
H. AKaflCMiH HayKi ea Ho^yro 3eMjro (BI 1896 r.) HC aanuia 
ne BSB'BCTHU OHH HBI innHn;6epreHa, HH ct 
ocxpoBOB-i,. IIpaBW, (5tuia pasi yKasana owa M0p- 
HMeHCMi Myrm. rubra L. (Curtis) ^aa spaBea- 



_ 47 

ro cisepa AMBPHKH, HMCHHO ci apET0<iecEaxi> OCTPOBOBI, 

B-B aanajaoft qacTH Ba(Jj)HHOBa Mopa 1 ), HO saaaa 910 BMeaao 
$opMa H npa KaEHxi yc-iOBiaxi Hafiiesa ae H3B$cxHO (MO- 
6aTt Myrtn. scabrinodis var. glacialis For.). OrHOCHTejibHo 
aepBtixi. BumeyEasaaBHX'B 4opM-& syatao aaM-BTHTt, HTO F. 

fusca v. gagatoides oieat 6 JHSOBI KI F. gagates a franscawcasica, 

CBOfiCTBeHBHXX FjaBH. ogpaSOMl. FOpaMl H BUCOKBin> KaMCHHCTHMt 

a (7. herculeanus v. shitkovi ^o HSBicTHofi cieaeHH 
i ropatiMi (7. herculeanus \. montanus; S^^CB 
paax QOATBepasaeica $aET'A cxo^ciBa asBictaHX'B JKHBOT- 
auxi EpaBaaro cinepa ci oGHTaTejaua ropi. 

Bojitmafl qacTb MypaBteai, atHBya^axt Bt TaSri Hxapan- 
TepHHXi> jtJifl aea, ae HCK^ioiHTeJiBHO eft CBofiCTBeaaBi; OHH 

flB4flK)TCfl o6o;eJi;BCHHMH ^OpMftMH, a6o BCTp'B'iafOTCfl Bt JIH- 

CTBeaaHXfc Jiicaxi, dyjiyia TaM% H^cxaHK cwib-jEe O^HEHO- 
BCBBH naKii H K% Tafiri '). H 8TO noKasuBaefb, ^TO pissaro 
eiRay xafiroft JiHCTBeaBHM'B JiicoMi. Boo6a;e 
axi ciporo aeibaa. Taflra BI CBOCMI 
cocToaaia, T. e. r.iyxofi ejiOBO-naxTOBOfl JTBCI, Booda^e nopaaa- 

TCJIbHO 6JHa $OpMaMB CpaBBBTeJBBO CS JlBCTBeHBUMi 

9TO Meac^y apo^HM'B oSiacaaeTca T^MI, HTO Maoria 
aacTBeaBHX'B aicoBx npa o^aoo6pasiH HCHSHB BI Tafiri ae 
BI aefi aeoSxojHMtixi ycjiosifi wa cymecTBOBaaifl H noiOMy ae 
BCTpiiaioxca tawi. Cjia6oe ocBiD^caie, ofiejie BJiara, 
TpaeaBHCTaro noEposa, st ocofSeaaocTH siaEOBi H Maoraxi. 

pacTeaifl, saiomaxi npiioit TJiaMt, aBJiaioTca o6cio- 
Mtraaioin,HMi> MaoraM% BBiaM^ MypaBtesi nocejiaTb- 
ca BI Tafiri. Tasi, aaap., Formica sanguinea ^106011 wicxa 



>) CM. Orieri 061 ascnejH^H E. AE. H. Ha HosyH) 3eMjro atTom 1S96 r. 
T. SKOOCOH-B, Booaorui. HSCJitaosaHia Ha HOB. 3eMJi BI 1896 r. Haciso- 
MHH HOB. 3eMJiB, CTp. 219. Ban. H. AK. Hayiti no $3.-MaT. OTJ. OT. VIII, 
It I, 1899. 

*) Toxe HyxHo CKasaiB H npo MHOFHXI xpyraxt %HBOIHHX I E 
, HanpHM., Taria THOH^BBX $opHH, Kasi rayxapi, pafiqaKi, 

, JJlcuaa KyHHita, 6SJK, qepnaa rajBKa, Lacerta rivipara R up., BCipi- 
oCHino K BI ciapHxi. jicTBeHHaxi aicaxi. 



48 
xoporao ocBimeHBHa cojHn.eu't; wa Form, exsecta 

SJaRH H OTKpbTTIia TpaBSHHCTHa HpOCTpaHCTBa. TH- 

asHTejH rafira, aaupoTHBt, xso6&n> Bjiary riai., 
oieBHjHO HyasflaioTca BT> HBXI. Bora uoieiwy, nocejiaacfc 
Ta8ru, xaKia $opMii ea Kaici, Formica tusca, Myrmica laevi- 
nodis H ruginodis Bcerjia saHHMaiOTi CBOHMH reis^aMH Micra CH- 
pEia, BjajKHtifl, saEi-To Jiyra piiHtixx JTOJIHHX, oKpaeHu H KOI- 
KH (JojiOT'b, COJIOHI^H, TtHHCTHe <5epera pi^CKi H oaepi. 

Bi JRHBOM-D jiepeBi atHTejiH TaSra pt^KO nocejaiOTca; OHH 
npe^no^HTaiOTi cyxie, OTMHparomie CTBOJIH ^epeBteBi HJIB HHH, 
B^ KOTOpuxt npoxaqHBaiOTi XO^H; xaKate cejaxca no^% 
croja seaurio H pacTHTe-ibHyro xpyxy. MejKia 
Mychothorax acervorum, atHByxi BI TOJum-fe Kopa 



IIp0 6JH3KOMI COnpHKOCHOBeHlH J^HCTBeHHUX^ li.COB'B Ct 

raflrofl (Jiopnu nocjit^aeS Henocpe^CTBCHHo npoaHRaoiH BI HHX^ 
H nocxeneaHo pacnpocTpaHa.i0cb ^a-itme Ha rorx. Ta.K%, Hanp., 
Form, rufa, F. fusca, Myrm. laevinodis Tenept ROJHMI #0 
KpaSHaro npejjiaa JiicoBi Ha wri Espon. Poccin (HM6HHO xo 
CapenTu); eme roffiHie, nocjii nepepHsa, otfpaayeiiaro wentK), 
OHH BMtcri ci Camp, herculcanus H Mychoth. acervorum 

na KaBKasi, HO KaKi HPOHHKJH Ty^a, HJTH 
HtKOTopne cymecTBOBajia yae ram paHBme pasBHtia 
TH Ha c'Ssep'S, n6o atHByTi Tan^ ^ajee BI a-atniHCKOH 
ocxaeica HC oSiacHeHHHMi. 

Hsi HOJOCH JIHCTB6HHHXI JliCOBl B^ Tafiry 

Formica exsecta, F. sanguinea, Camponotus ligniperdus, Myr- 
mica rugulosa. Hst HHXX BpOBasHH uypaBCH (Form, sangui- 
nea), KaKt THnHqHtiH paCoBJiaji'BjieH.'B, Hamejii TaMi> njin ce- 
Ga OH6HB yAO^Haro H noKJa^tHCTaro pa6a B% JiHn,4 iepHO(5ypa- 
ro jicHoro Mypasta (Form, fusca). Formica exsecta, 
a AyMaro, nponsoniejix 01% cieiraoro Form, pressilabris, 
nocxeneHHO npOHHKaBraaro K^ C no 6opaMi H cKJionawB piq- 
Huxi flo-suBi B% JiicHyw o6^aCTt. Ha npo0cxojKfleHie F. ex- 
secta HMeHHO on pressildbris HaMeKaeTx BO 1) cymecTBOBanie 

arBicH $opifaHH; BO 2) xapasrepi* 



49 

Form, exsecta, Bcerja noce-iaiomaroea ae B-B 
iam'6 .dica, a aa oaymicaxT., no-iaHaxt, no npoc'BKaM'b, cpeia 
pi.iEOJi'ECba BJIB scejiKOJiicbfl, na rapaxt, nopySKax-b, B0o(5ine 
Ha wscxax-b CT> xoporno pasBBXHux TpaBaaacxHM'b aoicpOBOin.. 
TaKo8-ace npeofi-iajiaioruiB xapaBtepi M-fecxooSaxaaia H y F. san- 
ffuinea, Myrm. rugulosa. Las. niger H flavus, Torja Kasi Camp, 
herculeanus, Form, rufa a Myrm. ruginodis, BRKX THnniBBie 
ortcHHRH, HtHByrt B^ caMOM^ jiicy H ducipo HcieaafOT't, aoc.it 
ero py6KH. HaKOHen.t xapaKiepHaa ocoCeBHOCTt Form, exsecta 
oSpasoBMBaTb BOJioaiajbHHe MypasefleHRw, pasM'fenieaHiie na 
fio.ibmofi ii.iomaaH, yKasbiBaeTT) Ha csoflcTBO, npHcym'e 

HUMT) o6pa30MI. (J)Op&iaMl>, oSHTaiOmHM f > 

a ne atHrejiaMi Jiica; KpoMi TOFO H 
y exsecta Bcer^a TpasaHHCTbie. Form, pratensis 
BI> Tafiry nsb cxeneH nepesi cocHOBue 6opbi a taint 
MaoroHHcaeHHbia HOM-BCH ci faiHSKo po^ctBeHHUMt 
eny F. rufa. SarBM'b Bet 4)opMbi, OTM'feieHHbia SB-BS^OIKOH BT> 
cnHCKt, paBHO Kaa^ H Camponotus saxatilis, Mychothorax 
muscorum a Las. flavus, npeHMymecTBeHHO CBoScTBeHHu COCHO- 
BUMX BJIH iHCTBeHHHqHHM'b 6opaMi. TaKHMi oSpasoMi M0piieKo- 
jtoraiecKaa ({>ayHa Tafira, BSflTan B^ ^BJOMI 

cJioaiHyro KOMfiaaai^iK) $opMi paajia^Haro 

jiaBHOCTH oTHOCHte^bHO HXI noceaeaia B'B Tafirt n 
pasaaro xapaKiepa cfloero ocaoBaoro MicToo(50Taaia. Bo,iie 
poSaoe paacMoxptaie ea noKa apa^eica octaBHTb sa 
KOMT. aa6jK)ieai8. 

JlHCTBeaHHe Ji-feca 

JLucmeeuwbie .w>ca, jeataoiie sa Tafirofi H saaajjaiomie 
HbiMi otfpasosi'b t^eHTpaflbayio nacTb Esp. Poccia, Kor^a-xo ou- 
JIH cnaomauMH, a Tenepb dJiarojiapa pyfiK-fe yxpaTHJia cajoaiaofl 
xapaK'repi H pasSaTtr na pasjaqHoH Be-miaabi yiacxna cauuxt 
HeupasHJibBhixi. oqepxaaifi, OKpyxeaHEie KyjitxypHtiMH pafioaa- 
MH. Bes^i rfls s% HHXt npcoOjiaAaeii. fly6i, BSST., BJieai, JB- 
aa a ^pyrie aiapOEOJiBCTBeaabie BH^H ^epeBbeBi, oan aocaxf, 
jitcHofi xapaxxept, ocofieaao xopomo BbipasteeHbifi aa 



50 



cyiMHHHCToS no-ioci, rj'fe qepHOJiicbe oSpasyen. eme 
H no cie speMa Kpynnsie yiacTKa (eanp. B r t KasaHCKOH ry6.. 
, HaaseropoflCKoa., TyjitcEofi, B-iaaaMipcEoa H flp.); aa 
Tain., r^t .lacTBeaatie xkca rpaaHiaTt co crenbto, OHH 
pacnajiaiOTca Ha MCJinie ocrpona H noaocii (na xoJiMaxT., no 
H (jajrKaui), Ticeo rpaamamie c * naxaTHHMH nojifl- 

H CTCnBHMH yHaCTKaMH, H30()HJryFOTT, nOJIflHaMH H HIHpOKHMH 

, sapocniHMH BT> H3o60jiia crenHtiMH KYCTapnaKauH H 
(jiHicaa BHrnea, (JOOOBHHKI, KOBKUK> a up.); s^icb BCJiiji- 
crsie nocToaHHaro conp0KOCHOBeaia co CTentio H 6oph(5u ci> neft 
y HHX'J. c.noKBJica oco6a8 O^JIHKI, BBipaooxajiacb ocofiaa csoeof)- 
pasnaa (JavHa. TaKHin. o6pasoAn. STH wytcnue cmennue 
odpasyromie T. Has. Jiicoc'renb HJIH npejcrenie, HyasHO 

OTT, HaCTOaiUHXT) ciBCpHMXl JIHCTBeHHHX'h JfBCOBl>, XOT3 OHH H 

ex HHM0 nepcxo^aMH. J^a-i-Be, H^CKOJibKo o.cofiua T0n"i. 
ffepesoeue .mca, BX H'BKOTOPHXI MicTHOCTax-?- 
npeoSja,iaiomee pasBHiie, Hanp0M. BI Sana^HOtt C0- 
(50pH, aa Ypa^i; H BI pasHBix'b jcBCTaxi Eepon. Pocci0. lacTO 
SepesoBbie itca COBM^CTHO c^ ocHHoR BOSHHEarorb na Micii e.io- 
BO-n0xtOBaro jiica 0^0 cocHOBaro dopa. $ayna (JepesoBtixt 
no-tyjiiscnaa H nojycTenHaa, T. e. cjiijtOBaie-ibHO 
np0TOMx 6,jH3Kaa KL $ayat KycrapHHEOBi H onymeRi. 
cner(ia.iii>HO HMI CBoficTBenHHxi, Ma.no, a nst MypaBtesi 
0*11. HaKonen.'B, na sana^t roro-sana^'B Espou. Poccia Jie- 
ataxi niHpoKO-JiHCTBeHHHe Jiica sana^ao-eBponeflcKaro xapaKxe- 
pa c'B SVKOMI, H rpa6oM%; HXI 4 )a Y Ha ) Er]b coatajiiHiio eme Ma- 
jio HSCJii^OBaaaaa, aicKOJbKO ^oasHa oxjiaqaTtca OTT> (Jayau 
jy6oBBixi J-BCOBX n,eaTpa H BOCioKa Esp. Poccia; oaa 
opu&MR H 6oji'Be fijiaaica KX 4 )a y H '^ JitcoBi, pasBHraxii 
BT. aanajiHoa Espoai H y aacx aa KaBEaat. 

Bi i0CTBeaHuxx Ji-Ecaxi Esp. Poccia soo6me acaByx^ cat- 



Camp, herculeanns Polyergus rufescens 

ligniperdus Doliclioderus 4punctatus 

saxatilis Tapinoma erraticum 

vagus Liometopum microcephalum 



51 

marainatus (typ., ka~ Tetramorium caespitum 
mensis, ruzskyi) Leptothorax tuberum (H v. nigri- 

aethiops ceps) 

Lasius fuliginosus kirillovi 
flavus unifasciatus 

umbratus nylanderi 

mixtus melnikovi 

niger Temnotnorax recedens 
Formica rwfa Mychothorax acervorum 

var. meridionalis muscorura 

pratensis M. muse. v. fagi 

truncieola My r mica laevinodis 

exsecta ruginodis 

pressilabris v. .rufoma- scabrinodis 
culata rugulosa 

fusca Forraieoxenus nitidulus 

rufibarbis Stenamma ivestwoodi 

sanguined Ponera coarctata 
.Solcnopsis fugax (orientals) Mi/rmecina graminicola 
KypcuBOMT. OTirfeieHta xapaKTepHua <popMH. 

CpeflH nepeiHC-ieHHuxi. (|>opu r B npe^je Bcero HysaHO yna- 
na Tasia, KOTOpsia OTJinnaiOTca BOoSme inapoKKMi pacnpo- 
H BCTptiafoica BO BC^XT. jmcTBCBHsixi jiicaxi HC- 
OTI Hxt reorpa^H^ecKaro noJioaieHia H (JiojiorBiecEa- 
ro xapaKrepa. TasoBU, HanpuM., Lasius fuliginosus, Fortn.ru- 
fa, fysca, Myrmica ruainodis, laevinodis, Las. flavus, Las. 
niger. 3arl>&^ HeofixoAHMO BbiiiuiETb ein,e ast rpyann ^op&ii, 

B3T3 K00X1 O^Ht CBOSCTBeHBH HO npeHMymCCTBy C'BBepHHU'B ^y- 

6oBUMt Jitcau-b BT> rjiHHHCTofi nojioci Eapon. PocciH, apyria 
npHHaaiejKaTi> .rtcaM'B K>KHHM%, cieaHiaMi. K% nepBHMi npa- 
HajJieataTi: Camp, marginatus. var. kamensis, Leptoth. melni- 
kovi, MycliOth. acervorum, Myrm. rugniodis, Form, exsecta. 
Bropaa rpynna 6oate MHoroqacaeeaa; E% aeft nyaiHO npHHHcaHTB: 
Camp, vagus, Camp, marginatus var. ruzskyi, Liomet. micro- 
cephalum, flolichoff. 4 punctatus, Leptoth. unifasciatus, Lept. 
nylanderi, Mychotn. muscorum .var. fagi, Lasius umbratus, 
Myrmica srabrinodis. 4* 



52 



TOHaie onpeflij-aBTB pasja^ie B-B MHpneuoJior0 i jecKo8' 

(j)aVBi HHIDHXT. ctBCpHUXl -aBCTBeHBHXt JltCOBl OTl 

CDHCKE HypaBteBi, HaflflCHHuxx BI TEXI-H 
BT> jacTBeHHiiXT. jiicaxi KasaecKofi ry6., KOropue 
Moryti cjiyatHTb THDOMX Hamaxi. ciBepauxi JI^COBI, MBOIO 



Lasius fuliginosus 
Tetramorium caespitum 
Myrmica laevinodis 

ruginodis 

scabrinodis 

lobicornis (aa ouyiiiKfe) 
Leptothorax meJnikovi 
Mychothorax acervorum 
Formicoxenus nitidulus 



Camp, raarginatus var. ka- 
niensis 

herculeanus 
Formica rufa i. sp. 

var. rufo-truncicola 

fusca 

sanguinea 

exsecta 
Lasius fJavus 

niger 



THHOMI IOXHHX^ CTennuxt JI^COBI Moryii cayatHTb T. 
6afipa<mtie Jiica, KOTopae MH^ npauuiocb HSCJiiAOBaTt BT, 
1905 r. na jorfc CapaTOBCKOl ryd.; EST> HHXI caMHMt Kpyn- 
aBjaeTca JHciBeaHiifi .lict OKO^O Capeaiti, 03BtcTHwfl 
HMeHCMx n^eaypHnKH". THMT. a 



Caraponotus vagus 

lateralis 

marginatus var. 

aethiops 
Formica rufa 

pratensis 

sanguinea 

fusca 

rufibarbis 
Lasius alienus 

niger 



flavus 

fuliginosus 
ruzskii Myrmecocystus caspius 

Liometopum microcephaluni 
Tapinoma erraticum 
Dolichoderus 4-punctatus 
Tetramorium caespitum 
Strongylognathus christophi 
Mychothorax muscorum v. fagi: 
Leptoth. unifasciatus 

nylandari 



_ 53 

tuberum i. sp. scabrinodis 

TVIyrmica laevinodis lobicornis 

B% Me-HEHXi-ate Jiicsax-B, lOTamuxca no Ca.maM-B H sna- 
saiiaMi aa cMOHaxt Epreaefi, <J>aysa em,e fiojcfee CTeuaoro xa- 
paKiepa; Taut H^TI HH Formica rufa, HH fusca. 

TasflMi ofipasowB M0pMeKOJiorH?ecKaa <payna 
AVOOBHXX jiicoBi, rjiKHHCTofi noaocu Haa6oji'fe Qt^na a 
ofipasaa, HO 6oJiiie THnanua, ^4n^ 4>ayBa cTenaaxi. 
npuM-fecbio i^opMi KyciapHHEOBuxi H 

^HMCEOfi, CaMapCKo8 H BI roatHOfl 
CtiM5upcKoa ry<5. 6ora^e (JiopMaMa, qtm .itca KasancKoS; OHH 
apHG.iH^aioTCa 6ojii>e KI IO/KQUMI Jiicaiai,. BT. HHXT. CHJIBHO 
BiipaateHi ctenHoii BJieMeHTi, KOTOp8 pasBHTi npeHJtyme- 
CTB6HHO na nojasaxi H onymEaxx. TaMi> weatjiy npoiHMi Bcxpi- 
qasoica: Camp, saxatilis, Form, pressilabris var. rufomaculata, 
Lasius 'Umbratus, L. alienus, Dolichod. quadripunctatus, Form. 
truncicola; o^eab o6tiEHOBeHHH Myrmica scabrinodis H Tetr, 
caespitum. Bojitraaa iacTi> HSI nocjijTHHXi nepeqacaeaHMXi 
4)pM% co6cTB6HHO xaiaETepHH fl-ia KycTapHHKooi oaymesi, 
HJIH #fla cienn, ToatEO Ddlichoderus quadripunctatus 
.neiKHT^ Jitcy H rHts^HTca Bcer.ua BI sepeB^B. 

OCOSCHHO XapaETepHHMH JUS JIHCTBeHHHXX JltcOB 

ciHiart 'Camp, marginatus, Las. fuliginosus, Liometopum mic- 
rocephalum, Dolichod. 4-punctatus, H3Bi> KOTOPHX-B TBCHO CBS- 
sana ci> HtKOiopHMH BHiawa AepeBteB%, ocoSeHeo ci> Ky(5oMV, 

OHH 3KHByT^ Bt CHMOiosi H CT> HHMl H Cl TJISMH, Ha H6M1. 



jepeBt. XapaETepaHMi. Taeme ua KUKBiixt aicoBrb HB- 
Form, rufav&r. meridionalis, iiafljeHHHfi B% BOJIBIHCEO^, 
XapbEOBCEOH, CapaTOBCKofi ry6. H B^ aana^Bofl Cnfiapa. 

^tca sanaaHoM H roro-sana^Hoft Esp. Poccia 
HC OTJiaiaiOTca no CBoefi ^ayHi OT% .I^COBT, sanaj- 
Esponu, npOKOJUtteHie EOTOPHXX ona cociaBJiaioTi. B% HHXTJ 
npOHHMi. BCTpiqaeTca xapaEiepHiiH KJIS romaofl EsponH 
Temnothorax -recedens, HafiAeHnufi xasae H na Kassasi; 



54 



sa- 



Myrmecina graminicola H Ponera coarctata, He 

HH BT> IieHTpaJlHOS, BH BX BOCT09HOfi Eflp. PoCCJH, HH ST, C0- 

6apH. B'i HHX'j, BecoMH'iHBO ofiwKHOBeHBH Tauis <J>op3iu, 
KEKI Camponotus ligniperdus (typ.) H vagus, Koxoptifl Bectwa 
pacnpocTpaneHH BT. Eaponi, HO Ha BOCTOK*, BI> 
nocieneHDo pi^iioT^ H HCiesaforE, Bcipi^aacB Taut 
(}>opj!ij eKsoilKaqecBia. Camp, vagus aa BOCTOEt Esp. Poc- 
ciH yaie p-fc.iKOBaT'B H cnopajH^eai, na Ypaai H 
na^Rofi CnonpH OTcyTCTByer& H CHosa BCTpinaexcfl, 
(Jojitnioro nepepwBa, B^ EHBce8cKofi ryd. OEOJTO KancKa. Towe 
OTiacTH H vat HO CKasaTB H npo Camp, ligniperdus, 
BI CHSapH raKHje oqeB0jiHO Hubert 
nyBKTH HaxoiuaeBia. BOSMOKBO, HTO o5a STH MypaBba 

Ha BOCTOKl, HO BCTptiaFOTI) T3MT. TaKHXi OHaCHHXl COnepHH- 

KOBI KaK-f. Camp, saxatilis H hercvleanus. DepB&ifi BST, HHXI, 
C. saxatilis, THnniBtifl OHOapcKiH ^KHieJifc, SHepngHo 
Ha sanaji: OHX nepeuieji yace Ypaj^, saHaBuin ero 
Beet, H jocT0rb tenepb AO BOJPH. 

ITpo .incTBennue Ji-fera aanajiHoS H roro-aanaiHOfi Esp.. 
Poccin nyJKno Bno(5uie CKasaib, ITO OBH Maao Hgyieau. JHIHO a 
ex HHMH He 3HaKO>^. Ha ocHOBaHia ^aHHHXi> npo$. H. B. H a c o- 
HOBa H 1?. A. KapaitaeBa UHpneKO-iorHiecRaa <J)ayHa 

COCTOHTl 03'F, 



truncicola 
Lasius fuliginosus 

niger 

flavtis 

umbrattis 

mixtus 

brunneus 
Tapinoma erroticum 
DolicJiod. quadripunctatus 
Myrmecina graminicola 
Tctramoriura caespitum 
Myrmica laevinodis 



Camponotus vagus 

berculeanus 

lifiniperdus 

marginatus 
Formica rufa 

var. meridionalis 

pratensis 

exsecta 

pressilabris 

fusca 

rufibarbis 



55 

ruginodis Leptothorax nylanderi 

rugulosa (ruguloso- Temnothorax recedens 
scabrinodis) Ponera coarctata 

Solenopsis fugax Stenamma westwoodi 

Mychothorax acervorum 



9T<m> KOHC^HO nenojiHufi. HCCOMH'BHHO 
Mychofh. muscorum var. fagi, HiKOTOpua MHPMHBH H MHorie 
BacToamje jeirroTopaKCH, Liometop. microcephalum, Formico- 
xenus nitidulus, Lasius emarginatus up. 

OnrfcieHHua KypcHBo&it {jiopnu ocofieHHO xapaEiepHsyioT^ 
am Jitca, npHG^Hxaa axt saK^ a yaie roBOpn.ii, KI> jiicaMi> 
HMt H KaBEascKHMt HtKOiopua HST, HBXI>. 
(7. vagus, Dolich. quadripunctatus, C. marginatus 
H BI> jrtcaxx BocroiHoS Pocci0, HO sooGmc 
xaMt 6oaie pt^Koe asjeHie, ne oSpasya sautTearo 9Jie- 
HI HXI. ^ayat. 

a yme ynoMHHaa^, MHorie BEAU JIHCTBCHHUXX J^tcoB^ 
KT> C, BI, TaHry, BM/bcTt ct ^HCTBCHBUMH nopojiaMH 
H nocTenenHO yKOpeHaiOTca Taitv, TaKOBU Form, sanguinea, 
Formica exsecta, Lasius fuliginosus, oiiactH Camponotus va- 
gus, C. marginatus, Leptothorax tuberum H H^K. jip. 
ULnpOKOJiHCTBeHHae jitca Kaenasa apespacHo 
rjiaBH. oopasoMi wajioaiojiuocTH ero 
. MomHbiM'b ^oacoM^ oxBaiuBaiorb OHH CK.IOHH rop%, 
OOITH OT-B caMuxi HXI no^Hoatifi, cnycsaioTca Bi 5 
OTiacra aaHHMaiorT. H JOJIHHH. OHB oSpasyioit 
30Hy xpeGia H cocxoaTT, H3i ffOBOJiBHO 

nopOAi (ay6i, 6jRi, aceHb, rpafii, H ,ap.), 
Koiopbixt MicTaniH npHjiifflBBaiOTca H XBOffHua jiepeBba. Ho 
nipt no^HSTia Bsepxi ranpoKOJiHCTBeHHHe aica CM'BHaroTca 
nocieneHHo noacowt COCHH H 6epeau. HyatHO aawBToib, MTO 
aiH aica aa KaBsasi jaJieKo HC Best's oflHopoflnu no CBoeaty 
oioiorHiecEOMy xapaKiepy H npiypo^eHQ K^ p?8HUMi ofijacxan-b 
ero, TaKT> HTO npeacTaBJiaerca BOSMOffiHHMi pasfl'LiHTfc nxt aa 
HO BT> HacToam,i0 MOMBHT'B aiy sa^a^y em,e 



56 



npa 



ocymecTBHTt. no He,nocTaToiBocTH 
CIOHTX eme MBOFO pa&mi nxa TOFO, -n'oGu MOJKHO 6ujio 

aasBaHBOfi sa^aiH HsfifcrHyrb KpyuHBixt 
Bi. oomeMi MHpneKO<|)ayHa in0pOKOJi0CTBeHHtixi> 
ropasao <5oraie npe^CTaBHTejaMH ^MT, (|)ayHa 

He To.ii>KO Esp. Poccin n CadHpa, HO no sceS 



BtpoareocTn TaKace H TypKeciaaa. HacKo.ii.KO aio Tenep& 
oea COCTOHT'L H3i> 



Camponotus aethiops 

silvaticus 

herculeanus 

ligniperdus 

vagus 

marginatus 

ruzskii 
Colobopsis truncata 

Prenolepis nileris 
Ijasius fuliginosus 

flavus 

umbratus 

mixtus 

niger 

emarginatus 

brunneus 

var. pallidus 
Formica rufa 

truncicola 

exsecta (m \. rubens) 

fusca 

sanguinea 

rufibarbis 
Polyergus rufescens 
Solfnopsis fugax 

orientalis 



Tetraraoriuni caespitum 
Strongylognatus testaceus 
Myrmecina graminicola 
Formicoxenus nitidulus 
Leptothorax corticalis 

cxilis 

affinis 

unifasciatus 

anoplogynus 

nylanderi (a v. par- 
vulus) 

serviculus v. brauneri 

nigritus 
Temnothorax recedens 
Mychothorax acervorum 

muscorum (v. fagi) 
Myrmica Jaevinodis 

ruginodis 

scabrinodis 

rugulosa 
Stenamma westwoodi (n v. 

hirtula) 

Dolichod. quadripunctatus 
Tapinoma erraticum 
Liometop. inicrocephalum 
Cremastog. scutellaris 



57 

Crem. scutel. v. schmidti gibbosa v. muschtai- 

Aphaenog. subterranea dica 

var. kurdica Ponera coarctata 



aa HeMBorHMH HCBJnoieaflMij, npeACTaBJieHa BI 
OCHOBHHXI qepiax-B HOMTH sea Jiicflaa naaeapRTHiecKaa (pay Ha, 
ci aanliTHHsrb ojaaRo npeodsaflameMT) CBponefiCKaxx <jjopi^. 
HejocraerB TO-iBfca HtROTOpuxi KmHoeBponefiCRHXi, (Leptoth. 
melanocephalus Em., Camp, universitatis For., Camp, foreli 
Em. H jp.), a TaKJRe HiCKOJiBKaxi, HafiaeHHaxi noKa BI cpei- 
neB EBpoat, KaKOBH JienTOTOpaKCii (Leptoth. dypeatus Mayr, 
tirolensis Gredl.. interruptus Schenck). Cneuiajii>HHx% ate 

cpaBHHTeJibHO MaJio. Ho Bi^L 4>ayna KaBKasa H 
noKa noiHTaTLca BHOJIH'B HBCJitjOBaHHofl. 

H31. npHBefleilHBIXt KT, CHHCKi $OpMX HyatHO 3a- 
HTO OH0 ptjKH BT> JIBCTBCHHEIXl. ^^CaXl, KaBBasa H 

ee xapaKTepnti wa HHX^. TaKOBH, HanpaM., Form, rufa, ex- 
secta. Camp, ligniperdus, Temnoth. recedens. 



uinpoKO B-B JiBCTBCHBiaxi jiicaxB KaBKasa, 
a-BROTOpue JienxoTOpaKcu (nanp. Lept. unifasciatus, nylanderi, 
Mychoth ucervorum, Tetr. caespitum, Las. fuliginosus, Las. 
niger, emarginatus, flavus, Form, rvfibarbis, F. fusca, Ta- 
pinoma erraticum H up.), HO cueijiaji&HyK) oKpacsy 
c()ayHt npajiaioTi, ae GH-B, a Tanie BT> Co 
jiOBOJibHO p'iRKie noKa aa KaBKaat MypasbB Kasx Stenamma 
westwoodi var. hirtula, Mych. mucorum \. fagi, Prenolepis 
nitens, Colob. truncata, H cpaBHHTCJibHO 6oa4e ^acTEie, KaKi 
Dolichod. quadripunctatus (n v. unicolor), Cremast. scutel- 
laris v. schmidti, Aphaenog. subterranea H v. kurdica, 
Aph. gibbosa, B v. muschtaidica, Camp, aethiops, C. vagus, 
Ponera coarctata, Myrmecina graminicola. BT. npoxaBono- 
aosHOCTb Espon. Poccia BT, aHCTBeHHBixi jiicaxi 
coBciMi HC Haftfleat Form, truncicola H oieHt 
Form, vufa i. sp., cnoflCTBeaHBifi SopaM^ rjaBBtiMi 06- 
SaKaBKasBa. Formica pratensis TaEKe <5ojrfee xapas- 



58 

TepeHi. flja (SopOBi KasKasa, XOTH nonaaaerca TEE^HC B-B 
uiaHHHX'B jrkcaxi Ha rjiaBHOMi xpefirt, H B' 
r I,arecTaHa. 

Hyacao jaite saMteTHTb, ITO jiHCTBeHHue JTBoa ctBepaaro 
CK.ioHa r.iaBBai'0 xpefixa OT-aHiawrca no CBoeB MapMeKo^ayat 
OTT. jricoBi watHaro cKJioea H 3aKaBna3bfl. B'^ nepeux't ne 
BCipiieHbi Temnoth. recedens, Cremastog. scutellaris v. 
tchmidti, Liometop. microccphalum, Camp, marginatus ruzskii, 
Colob. truncata, Apliaenog. gibbosa H Apli. subterranea var. 
kurdica, KOiopue nuiiOTCfl BO niopux^, npHnewi Tani) oieat 
oCtiKHOBeaeHi Crem. scutellaris \. schmidti, a Colob. truncata 
H T. recedens pi^KH. 

Jica Jareciaaa TaEse HiitioTi CBofi oco6iaH ofi-HEKf, OHH 
6'tAHte (j)OpMa&iH MypaBbCB'b BT> cpaBHeaia ci jpyr0MH .liraMH 
Kauicasa. OBH HM'srori) xapaKrepi. CBiuuxi) jrhcoBx c^ Go- 
rarujii TpaBaaHCTtmi noEpoBoui. H npafijiaaiaroTca K% ioat- 
Huirt jitcaMi Espon. Poccia. Taui, cpaBUHTejii>HO OOUKMO- 
BCHHH: siypaBefl aMaaoHKa (Polyergus rvfescens), aiHuymiS 
C't CBOHMI HaaCoJi'iie oStiHHHMi. pa6oMi Form, rufibarbis B% 

3CMJI>iHHXT> IIOpOClUHXt ptaKOJ5 TpaBOH XOJlMHKaXt Ha JI'l.CHIJXl 

-ivraxi, Tetram. caespitum u ero Haxj'fcoHHK'b Strongylogn. 
tettaceus, Lasius bicornis affinis, Form, sanguined, Las. ali- 
enus H alieno-niger, coaeHoacHC'i), npiypoiBBamuufica OOUKHO- 
BOHHO KT> ivJKHMb rH'BSAaMi MypaBf.eBi,, Myrmica rugulosa. 
HaKOHen, r t, uy^ao Bu^'fe.jHTb jHCTBeiiane jica ctBepo sana^- 
aai'o KasKasa, 060 xojibKO TaM'b aoKa HaflAeaw 'Prenolepis nitens, 
ii Strong, christophi var. rehbinderi; Kpowk TOFO TUMX cpaBHH- 
xe.ibHo o6biKHOBeHHbi Cnlob. truncata, Formica cinerca var. 
imitans, Campon. lateralis (bicolor), Las. brunneus (brunneo- 
c marginatus), n Becbiia qacT'b Camponotus vagus. JHjca npe,i- 
KaBKasba (OKOJIO ITaTHropCKa, KncjiOBOACKa H sp-)> Hocan aa 
ceot yaie cobHO Bupa/KeaHHa crennofl xapaKiepx. 9ra .i^ 
MO;KBO xopoiuo aaSjiWAaTb aa rop-b MainyK'B; Tani cpe^H 
KHXI speBecHux-b aacaaaeHifi n Goraiot xpaBaHHCToif paciH- 
Te.uHocra ofibiKBOBeHHbi TaKJe BH^u KaEi PHeidole pallidula, 
Plagiolepis pygmaea. Form, rufibarbis, Camp, aethiops, Tet- 



RQ 

tl it 



ram. caespitum a var. splendens, Tapinoma erraticum, Las. 
alienus, Leptoth. nylanderi, ast KOBXI. Pheidole pallidula H 
Flag, pygmaea xapaRxepau #.ia KaaeHHCTtixi npe#ropi8, no- 
pocniBxt KycTapHHKOMi H CTCBBoio pacTBTejibBocTbto, 
H SaitaBRaabH. JT&ca-ace KO.IXH;IH, aanpOTEBt, coxpaHarorB 

CTBCHHHB, IMydORO a^CHOfi THEX; B-h HHXt TaRie HCTHHHO 

HHe atHTe^iH Kast Cremastog. scutellaris, Colob. truncata, Ste- 
namma mestwoodi, Camponotus marginatus, Leptoth. corticalis, 
L. nylanderi, Myrmecina graminicola, Dolichoderus 4-punc- 

tdtUS H B^K. flp. ^OJiaSHH HM^TB CBOfi HaCTOSluifi IjeHTpl, OT- 

OHH pacnpocTpaHHJiHCi) no KaBEaay. Taui-ace uewsy npo- 
Hafiflen^ Leptoth. serviculus var. brauneri. Jltf-a BTH 
TicHoe OTHoraeaie BI aicaMt no(5epeJRBfl lepaaro Mopa 
na C'BBepo-aana^HOMX KaeBast. Ei comaj-BBito H T^ H 
B^ MapjieKOJiorHMecKOMt. OTHomeniu oienb Maao 
Eepe308bte MWO, no cocrasy csoe8 

H3TCH OTT> C^BepHHXX aHCTBeHHMXX J1'BCOB^ CBOHMt 

HacejteHieMi, HMCHHO HaxozExeHieMt MHoraxx ctenHEaxi <|>opM%, 
KOTOpua Tann, aB^aroica nojiHonpaBBHua rpassjaHaiiB, npHcyi- 

CTBya HOCTOHHHO HapaBB'B C% THnHieCKH JliCHHMH (J>OpMaMH. 

Cnen,iaafcHO TOJILRO HMI cBofiCTBeHHHX'b i|> P MrI> H3>b MypaBbeas 
OBR noBHflHMOMy ae HMiioTi. OcofieHHO pasBaxu (JepesoBue jtica 
B^ Ca6apH, rrfe OBH sanaMaiOTi oSmapBiaa npocTpaacTsa a o6pa- 
syion Bao^B'B caMOCToaxe^tHyio substatio, T^CHO rpaaaia co 
cteabio. Bon, noieMy eme MHfl^eHAop^i BasHBa^i. npocrpaa- 
sasaTHa BMH BT> Sana^HoS Cafiapn, n depe30BOK) CTenbH)" '). 
OBH pacTyrt aa ypajii, oco6eaao aa BOCTO?BHXI> ero 
CK.ioaaxt H B-B jitcoexenaHxi pafloaax-B flepMCsofi a ycjmiicKofi 
ryfiepaifi, aaa'te BX FySepJiHacKaxi ropaxi, H aa cauoMi EpaB- 
HeMi> rorl socTHraiOTi. Myrosatapt. B% Espon. Poccia depeao- 
Bue Jitca ae aaHBMaioTB raKHXi 6ojii>Hiaxi npoctpaHCTBi, icast 
KI CaQapa, BO Bce-5Ke eecbMa odiiEBOBeaaH, Bctptiaacb qan;e 
Be6ojn>m0MH yqaci'RaMB, pomaAiii B.IH BOJtsaua aa 



') M u a e a n o p $ *, A.. 9. B a p a 6 a, 1871 r., cip. 16 H 17. 



60 

novsaxi, ^aate na KaMeHHcrax-B H nccqaHtixx. E#Ba Jt0 xenepi. 

oepesoBtre .rfeca na paeHHai HMfciorB caMocTOflTevi&HHB, nepso- 
xapastepv, OHH oCtiKHOBeHHO B03H0KaroTi. na M^CTE 
jitcoBi, ocoSeHHo COCHOBUXI. fioposi, a Moateri,-6uTb 
n npaMo Ha CTCHH. 9ro oxpajsaeTca H aa xapasxepi 



CepeaoBUXt Jiicosi co^epffiHTt BX cefrfe 
BH;IH ji'icaue H crenHHe, npHieMx nepsue sceraKa npeo5jiaiaK)T%. 
3ro ocofieaao HBCTBVCTI HSX cj^yioinaro cnacKa MypaBbesx, 
aaS.iioAaBraHxca MHOH BX 6epeaoBHX% uapicaxi Sana^aoM C06Hpu 
u ea BOCTOIHOMI CK.ioHi K)JKHaro Ypajia: 

Camponotus saxatilis L. flavus 

C. herculeanus *L. uinbratus 

Formica rufa L. mixtus 

*F. truncicola (OM. ptjOK%) >) L. fuliginosus 
*F. pratensis Myrmica laevinodis 

*F. pressilabris M. ruginodis 

F. exsecta M. kasczenkoi 

*F. uralensis *M. scabrinodis 

F. smguinea *M. lobicornis 

*F. rufibarbis Tetramorium caespitum 

F. fusca Mychothorax acervorum 
*F. gagatcs M. muscorum 

Lasius niger Formicoxenus nitidulus 
*L. alienus Leptothorax tuberura v. nig- 

L. alieno-niger riceps 



6o^LfflHBCTBa JliCHUXl (|)OpMl Mtl 
npOC^C'HTX HHCTO CTCnHKIXl MypaBBCB 
3Bt3jlOqKOfl), BSX KOHXl ScUbHiaa laCTB oStJKHOBeHHO 

HC B^ caMBXt j'ficax^ Henocpe^cTBCHao, a aa OKpaHaaxi H 



') Dpo Form, truncicola HyjKHO saMtTHTb, ITO out BI qacTHXi Cepe- 
.ilcari sanaflHofl CartHpH JIHOIO ue OUJT, naiiAeHi; a BciptTH.Ti ero 
BI> i.'JitniiiHHo.Mi jiaeiBeHHoMT, Jiicy Ha ocrpoBt oaepa TaBOjxana BI HUIHM- 
CKOMT. oKpyri. 



61 

., KOiopuxi. Tan* scer^a duBaeit MHoro, 
Form, pratensis, uralensis, gagates, pressilabris, Myrm. lobi- 
cornis', HO mrliOTCa H TaKie, EOTOpue npoHHsaiOT'B BI caMyro 
iviyfib .rfeca H asHByrB TaMi 6oEi> o 6oE r & ci HHCTO JI^CHUMH 
4>opjiaMH, aanp. Myrm. scabrinodis, Lasius umbratus, Las. 
alienus, Form, rufibarbis, H 9TO aB^eaie Bectita xapaExepaa 
jja SepesoBHXt Jitcosi. HniepecHO yKasart Tattse Ha oSu'j- 
Hoe npedHBaaie B% fiepeaOBuxi Jiicax^: 1) lepnaro SOJIOTHCTO- 
BOJiocaro KawnoHOTyca (Camp, saxatilis), aB-nniomarocfl HOCTO- 
jij.Ky-^e jtcHUMi, noCKoatKy H ropHO-CTeaHHMi ataiejeMi; BO 
2) Leptothot: tuberum var. nigriceps Mayr, nepBOHana-ibHiaft 
xapaKTepi jitcToofiHiaHia KOTOparo nosa em,e ipy^no ycTaao- 
BHTV, BtpoaxHtfi Bcero, HTO 910 ^opwa EycTapHBKOBoB cienu 
H^H cocHOBaro Oopa. BcetaKH npeodjia^aiomifl ajieueHT-B MHpiae- 
KOJioraiecKaro Hacejteflia CepeaosHx^ napKOBi C060PH 
cpeia KOToparo OHCHB oSuEHOBeHHH c'EBCpHtie raeateHe 
Kasi. Camp, herculeanus, Mychofh. acervorum H Myrmica ru- 
ginodis, ocoSenocTB, OT.iHiaK)in,aa BTH aica OT% loatHiixt JIH- 

CTBeHHUXT. JI'tcOBX, T^i HaSBaHHHC MypaBbH HJH OTCytCTByiOTl, 

HJIU oieHt pi^KH. PasaH^ie 8to BucTynaeTt eme pfesie, ec.in 
MH ()yjieM^ cpaBHHBaTB TB H apyrie He To.itEo BI OTaoraeaiH 
, HO H BI oraonieHi0 jipyraxt npe,ffCTaB0Te.iefi (j>ayHu, 



Bt o'epesoBHX'B pomax^ C0M6apcEoft ry6., pasBHTHxi cpe- 
JIH EOBiiJiBHoS Ciena Ha M'Sjiy no npasoMj BHCOEOMy 6epery 
Bo.ir0, a Hamejii) MHpMeKo^ayay Menie ofinjibHyro, cocroaBoiyia 

TOJIBKO 



Gamponotus marginatus F. sanguinea 

Lasius flavus F. exsecta 

L. niger F. pressilabris 

L. alienus F. pratensis 

L. umbratus Myrmica scabrinodis 

Formica fusca Myr. lobicornis 

F. rufibarbis Tetramorium caespitum 

F. rufib. v. subpilosa 



62 

cienaufl 4opMH yace coBepmeHHO npeo6jtaAaj0 
a B% aioMT> OTHOoieaiH GepesoBBie .itca HM$K)TI, 
moe CXOJCTBO CT> cyXHMH COCHOBUMH HJB JHCTBeHHHiHHMH 60- 



cociaBT. SepesoBoB <J>ayHti ofaacHaeTCa KEKT. ca- 

MBM'b XapaETepOlTB 9TBX1, .5'fecOB'B, TaKT, E HXT> npOHCXOffilCHieM'h 

OrJiH'JHTejhHoS ocofjeHHOCTHo nepsaro aBJiaeTca HecnocofiHOCTB 
Cepesu nojaBJiaTB jpyrie saeMeHtti OKpyaaromeiJ ea np0po,iu, 
oiiero 9T0 a^eMeHTW pacTHTOJiLHOCTH H $aysH MoryTi> jierKO 
CT> HeM '). Bi fiepesoBuxi jicaxi MH Bcerja Hafijrio- 
rycToft noKpOBi TpaBflHBCioS pacTHTCJibHOCTH, HC 3ar.iy- 
He crtcHaeMoH 6epcsoS. npOHCXo^HTi laeac^y npoiajii. 
axo orroro, HTO ^epeBba Bi fiepesoBHXi Jiicaxt He ofipasyiOTi, 
qaciijxi, cnjoinHBixx Hacaawaifl, a paciyxi pi^KO, pasfipocanno 
IIJIH rpynnaiiH, qepejyaci) CT. OTEPHTUMH JiyroBHHaMH H no.w- 
HaMH; ^ajiie BT> Hnx'B H^TT, BOBCC SHa'tHTejiBHofl KycrapH0KOBo8 
nopoc.iH H 3aT43ii) caviuS xapaKxept JHCTBU SepesoBux^ ae- 
pfBieBi TaKOBx, HTO OHa He ^aexx SHaitrrejibHoB T^HH. KpOM'B 
(JepeaH, KOTOpaa KOHeiHO scer^a npeofijia^aeTt, B 
.rfccaxt eme BCipiiaeTca ocBHa, 0Ba, aspi^Ka KJCHI HJH 

6oapimHHK'E, Kycrti ra0noBHHKa, 
. Hepi^EH cpe^H HHX% uoBpua, 60JOT0CTHH 
H030HU, Koiopufl (Jepesa iacTO sapociaeTi H EOTopua 
.no6TX Myrmica rugit:odis a laevinodis^ a xaEace H 
(oco6enHO B-B CaOHpH) Ha uojianaxi. Cpe^a fiepesOBHX'B 
MU BCTpiqaeiii Maccy C'renHHxt pacieHiH, a BMicit ci HBMH 
H c'renHtix'ji atHROTHtixi, cpe^n EOTopuxt HMiiotca He TOJIUCO 
BHAH o6in,ecTenHue, HO H BH^H, CB00CTB6HHHe lepaosenHoB a 
KaMeH0CTofi crena (naap. Formica gagates). HO sa BctM'B TBMI., 
Kas^ a yate ynoMHHaJi, H aiiCHOfi ajeMCHTi BEipaaceai pisEO 
H npeoojia^aerB. BnpoHen% s^ict arpaeri sHaieme H rcorpa- 
<{)0qecEoe nojroateHie: HiieHHO BI CepesoBuxi jicaxi. 



') Bs Ay6oBHx% Jitcaxi npoHexoaHT% coBepmeuuo oCpaiHoe: OHH, Ha- 
noaaBjiaioTi cTenHyio npapoay, no?e>iy BI HEXI cienHna paerenia 
H ;KHBOTHHS laoryrf, eejarBca TOJitso Ha onyrauaxi H no^aHaxi. CBOOOABIIXI 
OTI HacaafleHift AY^a. 



63 



MijcTHocTea jiJCHoB aJxeMCHTt HCHO npeoo'.najaeT'b H 
roctioscTnyen,, acTenHoB noJ^aBJleH^, Tor^a Bass st o'epeaoBux'b 
xt, pacxyajax-b aa rori, saKi pasi aaofioporb. TaKt ITO 
, HTO ana yEasaBHue ajreMeara, jrfecaoa 1 H CTenaoH, 
BT> tfepesoBuxt jTBcaxi. <5opflTca neawy co(5oB H KJiHMarB BreiaKH 
arpaeii fiojibmyro POJB. Ho cyutecTByioTi $P MU > KOiopiia 

oepesoBiae Jitca Bcrojy HesaBHCHMO 
xapaKTepa axt TpaBaHaciaro noEposa; raKOBH 
a JK6JIT6I8 Jiasiyca, Formica rufibarbis, Formica exsecta. Oat 
BI 3THXT. jiicaxT> KaK^ na c^Bep-B, TaKi a Ha 
H BX ropax't, BI ax^ eepxaeMi noaci, aa 
jo KHKOH TOJbKO MOHieTi, 6epe8a jtocTHrayrb Ta 
Meauy HHMB H SepesoB ectb ITO-TO po^CTBeaHoe. Kpacaafi 
ToaKoroJOBbi8 Mypaee8 (Form, exsecta), Kaerca, BI ocofiea- 
HOCTH HaxojHTT. BecbMa nojr.xo^flcnifl ycJiosia atasaa wa ce6a 
cpe^H SepesoBHX^ J-BCOBT,; axi CBtTJinfl BB^I, mapOKifi npo- 
cxopi., Macca sos^yxa a CBira, oSajibaaa TpaBflaaciaa nopocjib 
see STO qepesBbiiaaao apasaTca eny, jno6aui,eMy ^ajieKO pacfta- 

CBOB EOJioaia; aro o6Hiau8 cnyTHHK% 6epe8H, 
jtazse Kopeaaofi a;0Tejb QepesoBbixi JitcoBi,. 
Kponi Toro CM-BmaHBoe aacejieHie 6epe30BHXi> 
'06T.caaeTca ea^e a T^MX, ITO 8ta TaE^ ofinjibHO pacKaayiua 
tfepesoBHS poma Ha paBHHHaxT> Espon. Poccia a CH^apa BTO- 
pa i maro npoacxoat^eaia, ^ITO oai BoaaaEaa BI fioJibmBHCTB'B 
c-iyqaeei na M r BCT"B fi&iBmaxi. COCHOBUXX fiopos't. BTB nocjijiaie 
BT> npeatnia BpeMeaa, o^eBa^ao, aM^aa BI Poccia orpOMaoe 
pacapocxpaHenie, ao 6ucTpo HCICS-IB nojti B.iiaHieMi py6oR% a 
ocotfeHHO nosapOBi, KOTOPHM^ OHH TaEi iacTO nojBepaseHbi H 
OTI. KOTOpuxi HBKaEofi ^pyroB Jiic^ ne CTpa^aeTi BT> laEoa 
cxeneaa sasi oaa. BosoGaoBjaiOTca-ffie cocHOsue dopu spaaae 
c.ia6o, Me^jeaao, BJIB ^asse Bosce He BoaotfHOBJiatoTca. Ha 
ax^ ofiHEHOBeHHO nocejiaiOTca flpyria aicnua nopom 
r.taBHHMi-aie ofipasoMi 6epesa 1 ). Ho rowa BaEi Goabinaa iacib 



') npo4>. A. a. I o p a a r H H %, HayqHBi CepesoBHe a*ca BZ 

, npHmeai KI TOMY saKJiKieiuro, ?io oun Taui npeACTaBJumi'B BiopH- 



_ 64 - 

flpeBecfiux-B nop<w., Hanpaaipi, nyfa H flp., coeep- 
nieaao no^aujiJiKxrt ^aaie ya0qT<maK>n> Soposyio 4>ayay, <5e- 
pesoRue jtca .sawn. imorHMi en upe^craBHTeJaMT. npirori, H BOS- 
apo,io.nacaTb csoe cyinecTBoeaaie. TaK0M% oGpasoMi npe- 
.3eMeHTi. aace.iifl SepeaoBtixi jicoB^ H cocTOHT^ H3i> 
upeaije ouBinaxi. npeAcraBHTejea 6opoBofi $ayHu, ^TO Bno.i0t. 
acHO BHTeKaen> 031 conoc'raBjeHia CHHCKOBI (JiopMi. 6cpe30BiJX7> 

.l-BCOBl H COCHOBUXt OOpOBX. Ho H6 liyJEHO HJtt&Tb, 1TO 6epe30BWC 

ai>ca BOSHHEatori TOJIBKO nocit dopOBi; OHII BupocTatorL a xopo 
mo pasBHBaioTca Taicsce Ha ntcrfe 6JOBo-nHXTOBo8 Taflra H DOC.T& 
pyfiKH ranpOKOJiHCTBeHBHXi jiscoBi; torjia OHH yate saHMCTByiOTK 
qacrs CBoeft ({iaynu H HSI STHXB HOC.I'B^HHXI; iaKi nanpau. 
Campon. marginatus BT> fiepesoBaxi jicax r b ecTt 

jiHCTBenHaro (,iy6oBaro) j'tca. HaKOHenj-b ae .n 

H BOSMOatHOCTb B03H0KHOB6Hia HJH 

noce.aeHia SepeaoBbixi. pom'b na ciena H Tor^a Koneqao Tasie na0- 
oo.'iie CTOHKie es ajeiweHTU, KaKi Form, rufibarbis, F. pra- 
tcnsis, Las. alienus, Myrmica lobicornis ^ 
B^ (fepesoeuxi Jticaxi.. Jl,pyria-a;e cxenHbifl <j>opMiii, OAHEKO, 
TO HG yJKHBaiorca BI OepesoBux^ ^icaxi; Ty,a;a npoaHKaioii. 
HJII Taui ocTaro'rcfl TOAbKo npeHMymecTBeHao Tasia, KOTopuji 
CBoScTBeaabi .nyroBUMi cienaMi n B0f>6tu,e UIBDOKO pacnpocipa 
HCHU; $P MLI ~ IKe THnaqaoH KOBbiJbaoK HJH KaiieuHCTOfi clean, 
n.in KycrapaBKOBOfi. Koxopna n36'braiOT% rycioro, cnjouiaoro 
TpaBflHHCTaro noKposa, BT> 6epe30BbJxi. ^08X1 ae nocejsioica 
(aanpHM. Leptothorax nassonovi, LepMh. serviculus, Myrmo- 
xenus .qordiagini, Myrmecocystus caspius, Messor structor v ^p.). 
BaoJia'B caMOC'roaieJibayio, nepBHiao paciyatyro accom'an;iio 
fiepesoBtie atca ofipasyioii B'b BepxaeMi aoaci rop^, aa rpaanalj- 
jl.caoii pacTHTe-ibBOcrn; ao rant OBH OT^Hiaroica aopasBiejbao- 



quvio (popjiy pacTHTeJitHOCTH, KOiopaa paaaaJiacB HS^COCHOBHXI 6opon% 
BJiiaHieMt we^OBiKa, yHHiTO/Kaemaro fiopa. Ho BOBMO/BHO, no ero MHiniio. u 
nepBHinoe cymecrBosaHie 6epP3H xajix, HO TOJIIKO B r t iisaicTiiuxi sitcraxi. 
H iia onpeAiJieHHHX'B uoisaxi. (CM. A. To p # a r n n%, MarepiajiH nun 1103- 
naiiia noiBi H paCTHTejtBuocm Sana^HoS CHfiHpB. Tp. KasaneK. 06m;. EOT , T. 
XXX1Y, BHH. 3. 1901 r.). 



$ayHOfi Boo<5me E MBpiieKO$ayHOB B-& TOCTHOCTH. TaEi, 
na KaBBasij, na rjaBHOMi. xpefirfc H B% JI,arecTaH4, a name. 
BI BHCOROpaCTymBxt, rpaaHiBBinHxi yse ci ajbniflcKHMH .iy- 
raB, tfepeaoBHX't jTBcax-t TOJEKO Formica, fusca, F. rufibarbis, 
Myrm. ruginodis, Form, exsecta, F. pressilabris, Mychofh. 
acervorum, Lasius flavus H niger, npaqeMX Form, pressilabris 
ae BI caMtixi jiicaxi, a ao ax% 

CocHOBtie Oopfai 



Gopbi npe^cTaBjaioTi sectMa cBoeodpasHufl 

MRI OTI e-ioso-nHXTOBoft raBra, raai H 
mnpoKO - JiBCTBeHHuxi Jii&coBi. Hecitorpa na CHJBHOC HXI 
sa nocatjiHee Bpesia, OHH see eme BT> Pocci0 w- 

BOJbHO fflHpOKO pacnpOCTpaH6HH, Bl OCOSCHHOCTH Ha C'EBep'B H 
BT> IteHTpi, H B% O^mCMl HOKpKIBafOTT, 3Ha?BfTeJtf>HyK) 

xora <5oJiiinHX%, cnJioraHaxi. HacaatjteHifi H HC ofipasyioTt, 
no-wct Tafirn cocHOBtie 6opsi nepeMiraaHH c^ejOB 
jica&ni, a rowH'Be efl o6pa3yH)T^ spynaue yqacTKH Ha necia- 
HHXI noiBaxi. TaEOBH 6opa BT, EasancKOH ry<J., Haateropoj- 
CKOH, CaMapcROfl, CHMfiHpcBOH, UeHseHCKofi, CaparoBCKoB, Pa- 
saHCKoft, BoponeatCKOH, Ka^yatCKofi, Op^OBCKott, BI roro-sanas- 
Hofi Poccia H up. HaKOHeni, cocaa eme pacTerB na csa^ax'B 
H yrecaxi (YpajiT., HteryJiH, CB. Fopti BX XapbKOBCB. ry6., 



$ayHa Hamaxi COCHOBUXT. fiopOBi, qpesBtnafiHO oparH- 
a aHxepecaa, BO s,% cox.&Ji'bmio JOCHXI. nopi He t5tuia 
nerajibHHXT, asc^'B^OBaHia aoojioroBi. M. H. Bo r- 
a a H o B T> '), BaateTcs, 6ajit> OIHBMI HSX nepSHXi, 
mHxi, sa aee cepteanoe BHHMaHie. OHI nsyqaax 6opa 
a WB Hani caacoBi ssipefl a UTHD^, jKHBym,Hxx BI> HHXI. 
Ho OH% He OTT'BHB^'B xapasxepHofi oco6eHHOCTB 6opOB00 (j^ayau, 
pasno saiti B He Cflt-iajii noniiTBa npoaHaaasapOBaTb ee, BU- 



>) OXEUH M astpH ^epHoaeMHoft noaocit floBOjacia x OJHHH 
Bojira. Tp. HasaHCK. Com. CT., T. 1. 1871 r. 

5 



66 

npo0cxoJE,ieHie cjiaraiomHXi ee $opnii. Pastfapaa rpvn- 
nnpoBKy UTVIHT, ssipefl Bootfme BI jicaxi, IIoBOJiaiba, 
ocTaHaB-iHsaeTca Tasace n na COCHOBHXS (Jopaxx. 
JKHBOTHHXI fiopa", roBOp0Ti. oH-b (cip. 189), n oieHb BeiiHoro"; 
ITO n <J)ayHa fiopOBi asJiaeTca caMofl 6i,HHoit H no HHCJIV 
H no KOJiHiecTBy oco(5o8, H qijMT. SoJiie npaMimaHO K^ 
cocai jiBCTBeHHHXT. jepeBfceB'L, T^MT. Cora^e pasHoofipasH'fcfi 
Sopocaa $ayHa. nocjii^Hee KOHeino cosepraeHHo 



: 6epKVTa (Aquila nobilis), cipyro cosy (Syrnium ura- 
Icnse), lepnaro 6'b.ioeiiHHearo ^aua, Apoajia-^epafiy, MOCKOBKy 
(Parus ater), xoxjiaryio c0H0i;y H ra0iKy (Farus palustris), 
, nono.!i3Ha, coHKy, rayxapa, fit-isy ByHHD;y, a wa cu-fe- 
H noMixpeTHqauxi 6opOBi eme pa6i0Ka. OAHaKO 
aasiiiHTi., K&K% STO ^ijaeTi. otiacro H casii. B o r M, a- 

H B 1>, 1TO BC4 9T0 BB.IU BTTpi^aiOTCa B% CTapOMi 

a'BCb0 ) a TaKase st ejioBO- HOXTOBOH xaBri. 

0x^ Bcixi cq0iaTi> T0U0HHHM0 ^ja cocHoaaro 6opa. 
HTO nejLsa, liiii 6oJiie, HTO HiKOTOpaa 03^ HHX-L, 
a SOBOJI.HO o6ni0pHHMi pacnpocTpaueHieMi HOBH- 
H0KaKoB onpe^i-ieHHofl csfl30 c^ COCHOBHMO 6opaMH He 
HjrBK)r& (Hanp0M. 6epsrn>, i0ati, KyHHtia); a 
TPJ^ ^awe nsfiiiraeT't 0x%. 

Hsi nT0n,^, no Mo0Mt 

i iatom0M0ca BI COCHOBBJXT, 6opaxx ayacHO HassaTb 
m0x7,: atejiHy (Picus martius), (Jojubmoro necrparo 
(Dendroc. major), cipyro cosy (Syrnium uralense), rayxapa, 
meBp0nj (Anthus arboreus), nisqaro spos^a (Turdus musicus), 
coHKy (Garrulus glandarius), xoxjiaiyro c0H0i;y (Lophophanes 
cristatus), Parus ater, Poecile borealis, Koso^oa (Caprimulgus 
europaeus] H. ^;p. Ho 6o.ibm0HCTBo BST> H0X1 e^Ba-ja MOPVTI 
ciHTaitca <5esycjioBHO T0n0^HHM0 A-ia Soposi. Ha06ojrfie xa- 
paKiepHHM0 wa 6opa a ci0Taro He 0x1, a Ap03Aa-^epa6y 
(Turdus viscivorus) JiicHoro asasopoHKa (Alauda arborea), 
Boo6in,e BecBsta pi^Kaxi Ha06oJ'Be CBOHCTBeHHBixi 
OHi JEHByrt HCEJiioiHTejibHO s% 60- 



67 

XOXH OH* H6COMHHHO BCXpiiaWTCa H Bl tfopaXl Ha 

aanp. BI BOcroiHofi Pocci0, HO ao piflKOcxir HXI na- 
xau* ycBOJiBsajiH #o CHXI nopt OT% MHoraxi HSCJrfe- 
. BeeBMa B-fepoaxHO, HTO cpeflH irian,* scxpimtoxca 
eme H apyrie BH^H, Koxopne flo-iatHBi 6aTfc npiriHCaeHH K^ 
nepBofiHTHUMi o6HTaTeaai 6opa, HO HX-B Tpy^ao Tenept ysa- 

K&RT, EWB^CTBie fiOJIBIDOfl DO^BHffiHOCTH HTHI^l. H 

pascejraeMOCTH, lasi H noioMy eme, HTO cans 6opa 

Bpena no^seprjiHCB aHaHHTeaBHHMi 
pasptaeHH H nepearfimaHH ci CJIOBHMH H 
, a MiciaMH H coeciMt ynHHTOKeHH. Cpe^H 
ectb MHorie xapaKTepHBie BHJH 3;jja 6opOB%, HanpHM. HS^ <5a6o- 
leK't: cocHOBaa ua^esas.a, (Fidonia piniaria); THS% atyKOBi MCJK- 
^y npoiBM-B, KaKi MH-B 9TO JirofiesHO coofimnJii A. II. C e a e- 
H o B i>-T aHB-IIIaHCKifi (in litt.), Spondylis buprestoides 
cnyTHHBt COCHH) H Cicindela silvatica L. (wa cy- 
6opOB7,). MypaBBH TaEHte HMirori. xapaBxepHHX'B o60Ta- 
6opOBi KaKii, HanpHM., Formica cinerea, oco6aa pasno- 
BE^HOCTH atejiraro H TCMHo6yparo JiasiycoB'B H H. ap. ^aaie 
HyaiHO yKasaTB eme Ha npucyrcTBie BI cyxHxi COCHOBBIXI 

HiEOTOpHXl CTCnBHXl H SoJlte KMKHBIXt (^OpMl, Ha- 
H3i nT0n> nojiesoro xaBOposEa (Alauda arvensis), 
yao.ua (Upupa, epops), 6aao6aHa (Hiero*ako sacer), 
ry H KofiqHEa (Eryfhr, vespertinus) H HiE. flp,, KOTOpna 
ajaTca rJiaBHHMi oCpaaoMi Ha rapaxi H nopyfiaxi; BS% 
pe8 SapcyEa, 03^ ra^osi sejieHyio amepnn;y. TasHMi 06- 
pasoirt <|)ayna nosBoaoiatixi acH^oiHQX'B COCHOBHX^ doposi, 
cowpaca BI cedi oieHB Ma-no THUHIHBIX'B $opM%, 
cuiraaHHHMi xapaExepOM-B H COCTOHT'B rjraBHHMi 

B3I, BHAOBl TaKJEe 68096X660311X1 xafir'B, 1HCTB6HHHMI 

H cienH. 

9xoxi> CM-BinaHHBitt xapaBxepi 6opOBott $ayHH eme pime 
BUpaatea'B B% Mipi nac'BEOMHXi, B% nacxHOCTH y 
E-& pascMOxpiHiro soxopBixi MBI xenepB H nepexoflHMi. 

HecKaa $ayaa dopoBi BooQme COCXOHX% 

4 )0 P MI>: 

5* 



68 



! Camponotus hercukanus 
OC. ligniperdus 
QC. vagus 

C. saxatilis (CHfinpt) 
OC. aethiops 
* Formica cinerea (i. sp.) 
*F. cinerea var. imitans 
**F. rufilarbis (i. sp.) 
?*F. rufib. var. sttbpilosa 
! F. fusca 
OF. sanguinea 

F. sanguin. v. mollessonae 
! F. rufa (i. sp.) 
**F. pratensis 
**F. truncicola 
OF. exsecta 
**F. pressilabris 
**Polyergus rufescens 
Lasius flavus v. odoratus 
*L. flavus v. flavoides 
*L. fl. v. fuscoides 
+ L. myops 
L. niger 
*L. nige.r v. pinetorum 

(n. nov.) *) 
**L, alienus 
*L. carniolicus 



**L. umbratus 

OL. mixfus 

**L. bicornis v. affinis 

OTapinoma erraticum 

**Myrmecocystus senescent 

-i-Myrmica rubida 

+ M. sulcinodis 

+ M. sulcin. v. fuscipes- 

**M. lobicontis 

**M. scabrinodis 

! M. laevinodis 

! M. ruginodis 

! M. kasczenkoi 

M. rugulosa 

! Mychothorax acervorum 
! M. acervor. v. nigrescens- 
*M. flavescens 
*M. muscorum 

M. muse. var. scamni 
*Toraognathus sublaevis 
**Leptothorax tuberum i. sp. 
OLeptothorax corticalis 
O**Lept. unifasciatus 
OLept. nylanderi 
O^ept. nyland. v. parvulu^ 
**Lept. serviculus 
*Lept. volgensis 



'; Lasius niger var. pinetorum (nov. var.) x OTJiHiaeTCa OTX 
<j)opMH iioiiHvo xapaKiepa MtcTOOfiHiaHiH, eme sieHtraHMH pasalpaiiH 
(cp. AJI. 3 nun) M Cojite H*acHo4, Cojiie MeaKofl, ciJtaateHHoft 
noBepxHociH xHTHiia, noieay 3T8 nouepxaocTB MMteTi 6oa*e aBCTBeHHHt 01- 
(i.iecET,. Ospa'Ea Tijia Bcei'Aa HicE&jiiKO Teuaie itsu y iuna. fnisAHTcji BT> 
necqanuxi xo.uiHKax'F. BX COCHOBHXT, dopaii, lacro coBatciHo c* acejUHMi, jia- 
siycoM-i. 5KH3HB Be.iert Ooate uoa6BiiyH), q*Mi Tuna^HHi Las. nif/er. Cajma 
H caiiKa ocofieHuuxi oTjuiitt He DpCACTaBJixioTx, BpoM* HtcBo.itKo jieHinruxi 



69 

Formicoxenns nitidulus **Solenopsis fugax 

**Tetramorium caespitum **Sol. orientalis 

**Strongylognathus chri- **Messor structor v. cli- 
stophi vorum 



Bl 8TOMX CHHCKli (j)0psil T$, KOTOptia 

EypcaBOMt, asjiaioTCa HanGoxfce ofoiEHOiseHHUiiH a 
BCTpimiotnHMHca BI. (5opaxi>. $opuu ace, 

HV/RHO CIHTaTb XapaEtepHUHH IJia 6opOBl, OTMtqeBH 

KOfi; HXl, KaRt BHflHO, CpaBHHTeJbHO OICHb H6 HHOrO. HS'B HHXI> 

O^HB BCCLMa pacnpoc'rpaHeHH H OSHKHOBCHBH BI 6opaxx, a 
HMCHHO Form, cinerea (THna^aaa H v. imitans), atejiTtifi H 6y- 
puft jiasiycu, Myrm. scabrinodis, Form. rufibarUs \.subpilosa. 
JJpyria cpaBHHTCJiBHo pi^KH, nanp. Mych. muscorum. 
Tpeita oTJiBHaioTca cuopaflH^ecKHMt pacnpocTpaaeHieMi., 

XJIOpMaMH UOBHABMOMy BGCblia AP6BHHMH, peJIHKTOBUHH; TaEOBM 

Tomogn. sublaevis, Lasius carniolicus, Leptoth. volgensis. Hat 
HHXX nepBHfl BB^, acHBymifi B% rataaaxi Mych. acervorum H 
vnuscorum, Hafiieai BI Jl,aHiH, IIlBei^iH, $0EuaH.!UH H B't ^Byxt 
watHaro Ypaaa. ias. carniolicus, saxBaTHBaa CBOHJTL 
pac^pocTpaHeaieM^ HOHTH BCHJ Eapoay, saaa^Hyio CH- 
a KaBKaB-B, HSBicieHt S^-BCB Bcero a.^-b 6 M'BCTOHaxojE^e- 
yiajeHHHxt apyrt OTI apyra a BI aayxi M-Bcraxi 
Bb Y^HMCKOH ry6. a BI SasaBEaabu) OHI HafifleHi, ne 
()0pax^ ) a BT> O^HOMI CJiyqa'b Ha EaMeaHcrowb CTCIIHOMI 
(74BMCK. ry6.), a BI flpyrojrt aa necsaxi, nopncuiax'B 
rauapaKCOM'b a Calligonum (OB. Apajiuxa BT, SasaBEasbt), H 

MOJEBT'L fiHTb 9TH HM6HHO M'BCTOHaXOatAeHifl 

Ha ero nepsaHHoe^ nepBoSuTHoe 
Kacaetca Leptoth. nassonovi volgensis, TO OB% 
TOJILEO uoEa BI OIHOMI nyHET^, HM6HHO BI JKeryjisxi, aa HS- 
BCCTKOBHXI yxecaxi, nopocinaxi COCBUKOMI; HH K% OEPCCTHUX-B 
<5Tenaxi, HH BI (5opaxi> Ha necsaxi OHI, ue cuorpa Ha MOB 
noaCEa, He aaB;ieHi, -raE'b ITO xaKaa HCKJIK)HH- 
ero WBCTOHaxomAeHJa e^Ba-Jia saBHCHTi oit 
ifi. Cio^a ase MOKHO npHqac-iHTi, H 



70 

Leptothorax flavescens, xoxa oat aaflfleH-B aesa TO.IBKO cpe^a 
.iHCTBeHH0n,Bi OKOJO xpe6ia Yfi-Tami BI WSHOMI. 
HO aecoMaimao AoasceH-B BcxpiqatBca TaMt-ze H B-B 
COCBOBHXX 6opaxT>. 

OcrajibBHH <f>opMH caacKa npe^cxaBjiaioxB necxpyio caiiiCB 
H BI. cxan.ioaapaoM'B OTBomeaia Moryu SHTB pasxiueHH na 
c.iiiflyiomia rpynaa: 1) maewiHbtn (j^opsiu, OTMi^eflHHfl 3Ha- 
KOMT. (!); 2) 4>opMH, CBOflCTBeHHHa no npeHMymeCTBy 

HblMZ JllbCCtMZ, OTM'B^eHHHa KpyaKKOHt (Q); 3) (|)OpMH 

HbiH, H3% KOHXX MHorifl mHpoKO pacnpocTpaHCHU H ^a.jeKO sa- 
xojtari na ctBepx, nocejaact s^ici. HsojiBpOBaneo Ha cne- 
Micxaxi odaraHia (necKH, ro/KHtie CKJIOHBI, yTecti,. 
H npe^CTaB.naa s^icb xapaKxepi 9K30i!KBHecKaro pae- 
npocTpaneHia; Bd; OH* OTMi^eaH #ByMa SBis^o^KaMH (**). 
jl&n'be qeTBepxyio rpynny npe^CTaBjaiOTi $opMH lopnun, 

HMCHHO TE, OKOJO EOTOpUXl, UOCTaBJCHl 3HaKI ( + ). Epo- 

Mi TOPO BST, BHflOB-fc 2-ii H 3-e8 rpynn%, T. e. CB00CTB6H- 
aa paBanni Efipon. Poccia Ji-Bcaiii BJH cienaui, 
ocTaaoBHTB BHHMaHie na xaKHxi, Koxopae raEate 
H fit BucoKofi oSjiactH ropi., cpeflH HaropaHXi cienefi H BI> 
aJibniBcEBXT. Jiyraxt; aro Ti Hiieaao BH^M, EOiopae a Hasarmio- 
lopuo- mcmiMU H lopuo-cmenHUMu. KT> nepBUMi> np0aaeacaTi: 
Form, /z^sca. i. //avws (flavoides), Myrm. ruginodis, Mychofh. 
muscorum H acervorum, KO BiopuM't OTHOcaica: Las. alienus, 
Form, rufilarlis, Myrm. lobicornis, Myrm. scabrinodis, Tetram. 
caespitum. HaKoneax, ayajao oxMixHTB H TaEHX^ MypaBBeBi, 
EOTOptie xoxa a noM'femeBU MHOIO jaa HOJIHOTU B'B jaHHBifl caa- 

COK^, HO COfiCTBCHHO SopaMl HeCBOfiCTBeHHBI, 9TO BM6HHO Myf- 

mecoc. aenescens a Messor structor v. divorum; OHH BCTpi- 
^aiorca a nparoMi TOJBKO BT> npe^i-iaxi cTeaaofl o6jiacTB 
no oayniEaMx (oKpaaaaMi>) COCBOBHXT. 6opOBi a aa necia- 
HBix'f,, aopocmnx'B p^AKaMii cocaaMH CEJoaax-B JO.HHHBI Bo-ira 
(CaMapCK. ryfi.)- 

Ho cocTasy MapMeEoaoraqecEaro aace^eaia, rpynaapOBEi 
a odajeuy 6iojoraqecKOiiy xapasxepy cocaoBtie 



71 

pacna^aioTca sa xpn Tana: a) cupue MmacTKie 6opu: 6) cyxie 

aaniaBBHBOBue 6opH; B) doptr, pacxymie Ha CKaaaxt H yxecaxi. 

Mtuucmue 6opu, npeflCxaBjaromie nepBOdHxaiit uairs, pa- 

CXyXT. B-B CUpblXt HHSMeHHUXT, M'BCXaXI. U HM'BIOX'B ryCTOfi UOBpOBI. 
B3T. JLHCTBeHHHXt MXOB1>, HOIBa HOflX BOTOpUMH OCtaCTCa 

HJIH MCH^e BJiaatHOft; BCJiisciBie cayieaHO^TH COCCHI. H 
BHCOTH Hxi BT> iaKHXT> 6opaxi> Bcerja 
TpaBflHHCxuS xe DOKpOBi pasBHit ipesBKmafiHO 
Tasie 6opu Haceieati rjiaBHtiicb oSpasoMt Ke.iTUH*B H iepHo- 
6ypuui JiasiycaMH (Lasius flavus, v. fuscoides H v. flavoides, 
Las. niger var. /)metorMw), JSHBymHMH BI seMJiaHHXT. XOJIMH- 
, saTaHjruxt csepxy MXOMI. Jlasiycu STH 

MraHciuxt 6opOBi,. Hfloraa OBH KHBVTS 
BI o^HOM'B H TOMt-me xoaMHB*, ofipaaya coci^csoe coauaieab- 
CTBO HJa MOffiexi-dHTb jaate napaSiost; BMtcxt CT HHMH JEH- 
ByTi> H TJIH BI KaqecTsi coaaieJiefl, paBHO Kasi> H atyneBi, 
Claviger. Sauofi OHH yMiiOTTE) nowepJEHBatB BUCOKVIO xeMnepa- 
xypy BTb CBoaxt rHis^ax't H noTosiy He aacHaaiOT-B H HidHort 
JIHIHHOKI Bt pasjiaiHHXi- Bospacxaxi (saKi STO MH^ npa- 
BT> KOHUji aoa6pa H saHaa-B ^eBa6pa, BI 
ry6.). Kpoiti yEaaaHHBixi. aasiycoBi IVB raKHXt 60- 
paxi uonasawTca eme: Las. flavus var. odoratus, a asi jpy- 
raxi MypaabeBT. Camp, herculeanus, Formica rnfa, F. fusca, 
Mychoth. acervorum, pi^e muscorum, Myrm. laevinodis a 
ruginodis, eme pise Myrm. scabrinodis a lobicornis B TO no- 
ca4flaia JB^ B-B TaRBxi. oguKHOBeHao MtcTaxx, rfli MIDBCTH& 
6opt aaqaHaer^ noKpHBaTtca JiHmaSflHKaMH a nepexoflarfc B^ 
cyxofl. MniBCTHe 6opH SOJU.LUBX'B y^acTKosx He ofipasyioTi, a 
aBjaroTca BKpan.neBHUMH cpe^B cyxaxx 6opOBi MB ejoso-nax- 
TOBOfi xaMra; TOCTO OHB nepeMissafoxca ci MOXOBUMB 
HJIB rpasB^axi Henocpe^cxBeHHO ci HBMB, apBieait na 
saxi xasaxi (JoaoTi B% Ko^Kaxi aepi^KO noce^taioTca Myrmica 
ruffinodis, M. laevinodis, Form, fusca. 

Cyxie ffopbt pacxyx-B aa w>Haxi,' sooSme BOSBHraeHatixi 
. lloiea BXI necnaaaa, noKparaa onaBiueg XBoefi, JH- 
B pi^KoS xpaBafiacxoH paciBxeitHOCTtio, cpe^a 



72 

RoropoB ne Ma.io BCTptqaerca TanHqaaxx cxenHiixi 
KasoBU aaupHM. 6oropoacttaa xpasa (Thymus serpillum. Tin, 
marschallianus), Festuca sulcata, rB03ffBKa (Dianthtts poly- 
morphus), Centhaurea marschalliana, Anemone patens 11 ffp , 
raoce EycTapHHKH Cytisus biflorus H Genista tinctoria, paBno 
Kate?- H pacxeaia, CBOflcTBeHHua necEaM'b, aanp. Calluna vul- 
garis, (5tjaa reosjtHKa (DiantJi. arenarius). Ho BC pacreaia 
3TH, paeuo K'dKi> H .iHraaBHHKH, He o6pa3yfoi% cnioniHoro UOK- 
pOBa, a pacxyri pas(5pocaHHo cpejH rojofi H cyxofl nec^anofi 
HOIBFJ, tracThio canyqefi H paxjiofl. COCHH BX raKHXx 6opaxi> 
H BC-itjicTBie 6ojif>ffloro npodopa CHJibH^e pas 
BT. nrnpHHY, I^MT, BI BumHHy, pasflBHraa ^aaeKO 
BT> ctopoHH ToacT&ie KopHBEie cyihs H ranpOKO pacnycKaa sep- 

IHHHV. T^HH Bl, 3THXK 6opaX'J> M3JIO; BT, JliTHJfl 3HOS SHBaCTt 

cyxo, aiapKO H JIVIIIHO. 

Kt CVXHMT> fiopaw^ up0MHKaiOT% xaKa?e o6niHpHHa rapa 
H nopy<>KH, OTJiBMaromiaca TO.IT>KO TMT>, Tro Ha HHX% pacxyri 
KpoMi eme 6oaie pt^KHxi MO.UO^UX^ coceei, erqe Cepesa a 
ocana, Me.at.ffy KoiopuMH octaiOTca raapoKie OTKpuxHe npoite- 
STTKH ci no.iycrHHBniHMH HHSIMH H CT> fioj'se 6oraxo8 Tpana- 

H0CT02 II KyCiapHHKOBOfi paCTHTejIbHOCTBH). 

Cyxie 6opa CT. HX'B rapaMH B nopy(5aMH HMiioxi ^pi'SBM- 
HHxepecHvio MapMeKoaorHqecByro (|)ayHy. EfoiBa sffict na 

H.1H MeHie OXKpHXtlXl IIpOCTpaHCXBaXS 06HEHOB6HHO 

MHHupOBaHa xoffaMH a HOpKaMH Lasius alienus, Fur- 
mica cinerea, imitans, rufibarbis (HJIH v. subpilosa); MypaehH 
9TH TO H ffijio nonaaaroxca ea rjiasa CByromHMH cpe^H Kycxa- 
KOBI 6t 108 rBosffHKH (Dianthus arenarius), acxparajia (Astra- 
galus arenarius), Anemone patens, Bepecna H Keaepia (Koeleria 
glauca), o6faiHHMH cnyxBHEaMH Koxopuxx oaaaBJiaioxca. Tyx%- 
JKQ uo coci^cxBy cpejjH pasauxt ^HraaSHHKOBi, AepHOBHHi. Fes- 
tuca, EycTOBi Cytisus BCxptiaiOTca nsamHtia HacunHua rHis- 
/itiiiiEH Form, pressilabris, MajrenbEiH KOHycx Eoxopaxi CJIG- 
jKen r f, qacxo 03^ xixi-zse' .inmaaHHEOBi H npopoci naxyiHMt 
Thymus serpyllum. Bt nnaxi, HaxoffamHxca BI pa3jra<mHxi> 
pa^pymeeia, atHByxi THXO no-iaaromie 



73 

Hoxycu (Campon. herculeanus, vagus, saxatttis, aethiops), Form, 
fusca, a rasace BMiscxt CTJ Hero a Form. sa^tea; noi> BO- 
poB aaea roxafcs aeaxoxopaKCH (Mychoth. acervorum, musco- 
rum, Lept. unifasciatus, tuberwn a ,sp.), HJH MB'PHHKB. Tyxi>- 
ate nonanaroxca BpyaHua, HacHnatia nocxpoflsH Form, rufa, 
F. pratensis H F. truncicola, npateu'k y flByxt noeJii^HBX'b 
oai aoMimaioTca na oxsptmixx, co-iHeHHBixi. aicxaxt cpejin 
rapH HJH nopyfiEH, a y F. rufa aa ospaHHi, noat rfeflbio 
AfpeBteB-B. .Hajiie, 8A%cb sectMa iacTu sewjiaHHe XOJIMBKH, 
OOUKHOBCHHO nopocmie paCTHteJibHOCTfcK), oSataeMue Tetra- 
mor. caespitum, OSHHMI HJIH cofinicTBO CT> Strongylog- 
nathus christophi, Lasius carniolicus, Las. umbratus, Las, 
mixtus, Form, rufiuarbis, Myrm. scabrinodis, npHqeui HC- 
p'feiKO 6uBaeri> OAHHI> a TOTt-JKe XOJIMHBI> aaaari paaiH^- 

BUilH BBiaMH, HHBVIUHMH OTA^BHUUH MypaBefiHHBaHB, HO 

BI> HenocpejcTBeHHOMx coct^CTBi jipyrt ci Apyroiii. Sa'fecB- 
ate aaptflKa MOKHO BCTpixaTb H siypaBba-atasoHKy (Polyeryus 
rufescens), noce^HBrnaroca HJB Bt HH-B, ec^n ero paSojit HB- 
jiaerca Form, fusca, HJIB BT> Hopaxi. BMtcxi ci Form, rufi- 
barbis HJIH ptjee Form, cinerea. Ha^ MHPMHKI, spout yze yno- 
.3f. scabrinodis. SJ-BCB oSuiBH Jtf. lobicornis, upe^ao- 
xaxb BT, Hopaxx, npaKpuBraaCb KaMBCMT. RJH KV- 
CKOMI. EopH, BaiiMT. Myrm. rugitlosa, M. laevinodis H rtt^e- 
nodis, npHieMi AB'B aocji'Bffaifl aaaiame BtifiHpaiOT'b CBOHMI 

M'BCTOZKBTeJIbCTBOM'k CTapH6 HHB, XOTfl MOry'fl SRHTb B 
B1> 3eMj4 QOjHi JiepHOBBHKaMH JHfflafiHHKOBT>, MXa, HJIH 

HJH aame no,a:i cyxajii nosieTOMi CKOxa. B% 
cjiy^aaxx xyxi-aie Moryx% 6uxB BCipijieau Myrm. 
rubra B sulcinodis. TaKBMi. o6paaoMi MU ajicb Kas% 
BT> jpyroMi> Micxi aa6.iK)jiaeM% yaBBHxe.ai>Hyio necxpoxy 
BCTpi^aa sa HefiojtbmoMi npocxpaHcxsi atBBym,HMB 6aH3so 
oxi spyra ci OABOB cxopoHti MypaBteBi, CBOHCTBeHBUxi 
B jiBCXBeaHOMy jrfccy, a ci ^pyrofl ^HCXO cxenauxi, ropHo- 
cieaauxi H ropauxx. 

Coma Ha cnaAaxt u ymecaxs oSpaayerx ocxpoBKa BX ro- 
paxx CH6apH, Ha KaBsasi, B-B Kpuwy, BI $HBJiaHfliH, aa Ypa- 



74 

.it, a Taoce H ea BOSBHineHHtixx nyHKiaxi cpeja 
Espon. Poccin H CnfapH (JKeryjH, CB. Fopa B^ XapbKOBCK. 
ry6., CODKH BI AKMOJIHHCKOS 065.). OCTPOBBH STH, naCTO oicpy- 
ateHHue cn.soniHHMH jHCTueHHUMH jiicaMH HJIH cxentK), Bcerfla 
coxpanaroTB cso8 caMOCToaTe.3i.HHft rafiHTyct H nwijoTi CBOK) 

OCOSVK) <j> a y H y> COCTOflmyK) 03^ (|)OpMl HJH CIieijia.UbHHXl, KaKl 

Leptoth. flavescens (ypaai), Leptoth. nassonovi volgensis (aa 
ropaxi), Tomognathus sublaeris (E& YpaJii H Bt 
i0), HJiH-ase ropHO-ji'BCHBixi (Mychoih. acervorum, Mych. 
muscorum, Myrm. ruginodis), ropHO-cienHuxi (Tetram. caespi- 
turn, Form, rufibarbis, Form, gagates, Camp, saxatihs, Myrm. 
lobicornis, Las. alienus, Las. bicornis var. af finis), CTenHtixi. 
(Leptoth. serviculus), H ropenxx (Myrm. sulcinodis, Myrm. 
rubida, Lasius myops). <ayHa xaKHX^ COCHOBHX% GopOBi DO^TH 
xozKiecTBeHHa ci $ayHofl JiHCTBeaHqenxi 6opOB r b, Katci. axo xu- 
poino uoaiHO dnjio HafiaioaaTb na Fpaji. 

TaKHMt ofipasoMt no xapaniepy cBoefi MHpMeKo.iorHiecKOtt 
4>ayHH coceoBiie 6opa aa CKajaxi H yxecaxt cxo^au ci cy- 
XHMH 6opaMH na necKaxi^ HO OT-iBqatoTYa: 1 ) BOoCrue 

KOJIHieCTBOM^ $OpMl H OTCyTCTBieMt MHOFHX^ BH^OBl 

Polyergus rufescens, Form, truncicola, Camp, vagus), csoft- 
cTBeHHHxi> cyxHMT- CopaM^, H cpepi HHXI jiaae xaKaxi, KOTO- 
ptie (KaE^ Form, cinerea) JIOJJKHH ciHTaTbca xapaKtepHHMH JIJIH 
.; 2) npacyTCTBieMt H-BKOTOPUXI xapaKiepHHXi 
noKa B't paBHHHHiixi 6opaxx He nafifleHHHxi, H saxtMt 
npeof)JiajiaHieMi ropHO-CTenHHX'b (J>opM^, xopomo 
y/KHBaiomnxca Ha KaMCHHCTOMi cy6cTpati>, noce.iatomHxca Bt 
me.iax^ CKaJii., no^i ^epHOBHHKaMH rpaBaHHCTtixi pacTenifl H 
Mxa, B% seMJit npa ocHOBama COCCHIJ H no^'f. HXI Kopofi. Co- 
BepmeHHO xaKOfi-ate xapaKTep^ coxpaaaeTi H MHpneKO(|>ayHa 
.iHCTBeHHHHtixi CopOBt, HO TOMBED jiHCTBeHHHi^a KaKi fiojiie pac- 
npocTpaHt-HHaa TBM^ cocna B^ ropaxt Ypaaa H AiTaa HM-feeTt 
6oraTyro BX KOJiHMecTBeHHOMi OTHomeHin $ayny; cxa- 
xapaniepi ea H COCHH oflHHi a TOTt-ace. 

cocHOBHft Sopi. Haqero xapaKiepHaro B% OT- 
$ayHH He npeflCTaBjraeTt. Ona owHiaexca HJH 



75 

BOCTBK) H (WHOoflpaaieinb, ecaH 6opi nepeMimaai ci> Tafirofl, 
T. e. ci> naxxoB H ejibio, HAH BanpotBRi Huer& 6ojie pasHO- 
xapaKxepHufi cocxaBS, Kor#a cpe^a COCHH pacxeti Macro a0- 
AepeBteBi. B-B aepsoiti cayiafc B-B 6opy 

acTt $opni., CBoflcTBeHHHXi cyxHMi 
HO jasiyctr OCHEHOBCHHO Bcer^a HMK>Tca ZT> CBOHXI 
Bo BTOpOMi> npHMiniHBaioTca <^opMu, xapaKTepHHa 
HHX'B itcoBi; sato .lasiycu CTaHOBaTca pt^BHMH, H 
MHorie TmiHiHue x0Tea0 6opoB%, nanp. Formica cinerea, F, 
rufib. v. sulpilosa. 

C T e n B 

Cmenuaa MapMeKO-iorH^ecsaa (Jaysa upiypo^eHa E-B no^oc'B- 
CTenefi, saHHiiaiomHXi BCIO DO^TH loatHyio noaoBHHy Espon. 
Poccifi H Jtoro-aanaflnyio lacrt CaGapH. Btrpaffiesa osa 
Kpauy, Ha EasKast, B^ TypKeciaHii, paBao 

H BOCTOHHOH CaOHpB. Bl noeJliAHEX 

ea Bnpoieni Toqao en\e He yciaHOBJieHH. 
pacapocxpaHema ara ^ayaa no KpafiHcfi Mipt 3% Esp. Poccia 
BI nacToamee Bpena ae HMiieTi, xaEi Kasi jiBCTBeHBHa CTCDH 
HcipedaeHu H saHSTu noaaMH H noceaemaMH 

xapaBtepx ona coxpanaeTT> i-oabBO na 
T6JBHO He6ojiBui0xi yiacTKaxi H EJO^Kaxt r^iattHHofi crena, 
KOTopae eme coxpaHHjiBCb K0fi-ra,i BI Esp. Poccia, raaaH. 
o5pa30Mi na BOCTOK^, B^ 3aBoami>H, aat-BMTt. BI 3aypa.iBH 
BI Saua^Hofi CaCHpa. Ho STHM^ OTPHBOIHHMT., pasSpocaHHHMi 
H pasieflHoeHHHMi Tenepi. yiacTKaaii H npaxo^Hica BOscxaHO- 
BJiaxt EapiHHy ctenHOfi ffi03HH. Kponi xoro oxR-B-abHua cxenHua 
<|)OpMH, saEi 9TO Mil 80^4^0 yate, pacnpoctpaHeHfii ^aaeEO aa 
ox^ QOJIOCH cxenefl; xaMi oet wxaxca no OEpaaaaMi a 

Xi aicoBi, BI Oopaxi, aa IOJKHHXI 
Ha yxecaxt H cKaJiaxi, nacxtw BI. piqaax^ ^oMHaxi; 
oat oxiacxH coxpaHHaact BI EaiecTBi pejuHExosHxi 
asjiaroxca ^opMawa np0raaHM0, HOBHMH, 



76 
CTpeiueeie flaara'xbca see aa-ibme, ieajy fijiaroiipiax- 



CTByen> 

Gxeaaafl MapMCKO^ayBa, cooCpasHO xapaKxepy caaroH" 
pacnaaaeTca aa cJTB,nyK)ia,ia cxaajoaapaHa rpyanu: 1) $ayay 
HepnoaeMHoti mpaeRHucmoti (Ayioeou H KoeuAWO-A) cxena; 2) 
KycmapwtKoeou cmenu; 3) KaMemtcmoti, cmenu H 4) co- 
cmenu z COAOHUOSZ, npe^C'raBaaiomyio yae nepe- 

KI nyc.TtiB'fe. 

.lyroBtifl H KOGHJbHua Ciena paciyTi ea Hepaosewh, KO- 
TopuB sajieraexi iiiapoKoB nojiocoft toatnie jitcoBi BT> Espon. 
Poccia, npocTapaacb OTI no^Hoatia Kapnaii ao YpaJa. Ha 
cisep-B rpaHHn,a lepHOseiia nM'Serb BHAI JioMaHHofl iHHin, npo- 
xoAflmeft npa6jH30Tejibuo ^epesi. Bep^HqeBi,, KieB'b, Ope-it, 
T}jy, PasaHb, MopmaHCKi, TaMfioBi., DeHsy, TexioniH, IH- 
p. B4jiofi. Ha rori OHI nepexoflHTi BT> 

cTenH-nycTHHH, aaaHMaiomia ciBepnyio 
Kpuwa, nooepeabe ^epaaro aopa, lacxbio ITpeflKaBEasbe, BO- 
o6me HHSOBba ,U,y Hai| ) A H 't n P a i A OHa H Bojira. Bume 
rpaaHn,bi yepaoseMHO-cTenaoa o^Jiacxn jtemaTi aicKO^BKO 
HOSCMHUXI ocxpoBoe-b, Koxopue Bci BaHaxu xenepb noaaMH. BT> 
AOHCxopH^ecKoe Bpena, Kaici BtiacHH^i F. J3. T a H H j b- 
e B i> '), clBepaaa rpaHBAa cxene oioABaraJiacb aicKOJibKO 
aajbine si ctsepy, jioxo^a ^;o JlroojiHHa, BpaacKa, Kaayrn, Cep- 
nyxosa, HajKaaro HoeropOAa H MajiMBiaia BatCKOfl ry6epai0. 
Ha Bocxoai cieab no KmabiMT, oxporaMi ypaJbcaaro xpe6ra 
nepexo^HXi BX Sana^nyro Cn6apb, saxeaxtiBaa s^cb mapoiioe 
npocxpaHCXBO, KI BOCTOKJ' aoc'reneHao ctyatHBaiom.eeca. 

Do xapasiepy pacxaxejibBOCxa a (jmya&i qepaoseMaaa 
xpasaaacxaa cxenb pas^'t^aeTca aa ayroByro H 
KOBbiJibHyio, H3i KOPXI nepnaa SoJiie passaxa aa 
cxenaoM nojiocu, Biopaa aa rort. 9i-H ^st substationes OT- 
pyri oxx ^pyra ci uepBaro Bsr^a^a ya:e CBOHMX 
ra6axycoMi, : jyroBaa cxeai. aaxaayia CDJIO;B- 



CM. T aii $Ha B6B%, T. H. JtoHciopH^ecKia cienH EeponeBcKoa POP- 
KapioS (SeiureBifl'iHie, 1906 r., KH. 2). 



77 
HKIMI pasaoTpaBBUMi, nospOBOMi., KOBHJTjBaa-ae nonputa OT- 

fll^BBO paCTymHMH flepaOBHHaifH nepHCTUXT. HJIH BOJOCH- 

CTHX-B BOBiiaefi, THBiaKa, Avena desertorum asp., 

KOTOpUMH OCTatoTCH npOJieSyTEB POJIOfi, BBrfiin> H6 

noiBH. KoBiiflBHafl crens ofijiaAaei^ <5oj&e THna^Hofi H 6ojite 
fioraiofl $ay H( >fi- Measy BOBHJH.HOB a ayrosott cxenBio cyme- 
uo.iaue aepexo^u, pasno saBi> Tasie-xe nepexojtH na- 
H no OTBomeHiio KycxapaBKOBofi H KaMeHHctofi CTCHH. 



qepHOseMHOfi jiyroBO-KOBUJbaoa cxenn 

Lasius umbratus *Leptothorax nassonovi 

*L. exacutus *Lept. stipaceus 

L. alienus *Lept. serviculus 
Formica pratensis Lept. unifasciatus 

F. uralensis Myrmica scabrinodis 

F. pressilabris M. lobicornis 

F. rufibarbis *M. lobicorn. v. deplanata 

Solenopsis orientalis *M. lobic. v. schenckii 
Tetramorium caespitum 



Toro BI cteab EOBUJiBHyro H ayroByio 

yqaCTROBl KaMeHHCTOfi H KyCTapHHKOBOfi CTCHH 

Myrmecocystus aenescens, Messor structor (a v. divorum), 
Form, sanguinea, Form, gagates, Polyergus rnfescens, Form. 
rufibarbis v. subpilosa (BST. 6opa); H HtKOTOpaa HS% HHXI 
aa aeB. $OPMH, OTMi^ieHHHa aBiasoqKofi (*) BI cnacEt, 
MH-B TOJH>KO Ha KOBiiJbHofi cieaa; ea Jiyrosofi ate 
ciena oa-fe noBH^auoMy aopuaiBHO se aHByn. 

MypaBBH, CBoflcTBCBBtie THimKOBO-KOBHJibHofi H ayroBOfl cte- 
HH, THisflaTca nonpeHMymecTBy BI SBMA*, BX aopaxi; oco6eHao JIK>- 

CflT'B OHH CeJIHTCfl OBOJO HJIH QOA^ ^epHOBHHaMH CTeUHHXX SJiaKOIVB 

(BOBuaa, Festuca, Avena, desertorum, Roeleria); TOJILKO For. 
uralensis, pratensis H pressilabris j&xaxyn aacHuatia coopy- 
ia, Eoiopua y For. pratensis lacxo jiocTHraroTi, Kpyaauxx 
a ospyxaiOTCfl odmapBUHii BajOMi. COSCTBCHHO 
Form, pratensis a uralensis ae npeBaaeffiaT% BT. 



78 

xpaBflHHCxofi Ciena; HXT. rais^a nosiisnjaioxca BCC- 
rja Ha OBpaaHaxT, cxena no tfjiaaocra KI EycxapaaBaiCB H.IH 
onymKi} .Tfeca, Ky#a OHH HeasMiaao H saxoflaxi, cofiapaa Taut 

0()JIOMKH CyqBCB'b, H3i KOXOpHXl CTpOSTl BapySBHC KOByCbl H 
KOTOpUMH BBinOJIBaiOX'B BByXpCBBOCXb BOpOHOK"B CBOHXt ratsjl'J.. 

TOKHO TaK^e Ma^o THnH^au n&a TpacaHHCToa cxena Leptoth. 
tinifasciatus H Las. umbratus. IIspiflKa nonawrcH aa aefi H 
Lasius mixtus (OKOJIO JIHCTB. Jiicos^). $opiiaMEi xapaKTepHHMH 
j.ia KOBUJiBHoB cxenn ay^ao ciHiart Lept. nassonovi, L. 
stipaceus. Uowbumft oieab oSHEBOBeaeai BT> cieaaxi BI 3ana- 
jnoB CaSapH, aopocrnHxij rpaaaTHHKOM^ (Libanotis sibirica), B-B 
CTefi-iaxt Koroparo npa HXI ocHoeaaia oat 



cmem> aaaHMaexx Bcer.ua Jiarab 
orpaaHieaaue yiacTKB xeppHTOpia, 6yji;yqH paasaxa 
Ha EaMeBHCxtixT, xoaMaxx, aa cKaaax-B, yxecax?. 
H Ha pasjiaqBHXT> CKJioaaxi, o6paai,eHHHXi aa B3, K)B B.IH 
K>3. OCBOBBUM^ yc^OBieM-B njia ea npoHspacxaaia 
xBep,iHa KaMeaHCXHH cy6cxpax%, 64^aocxi> noHBCHaaro 
H cyxocxb ero, noqesry a pacxaxejiBaocxb KaMeaacTOH cxena 
Kcepoc{)HXBaro xapanxepa. Ha xojmax^ oaa o^iBaexii KaKi CEJIO- 
HH HXI., xas-B H BepmHHH, a ocoCesao xapasxepao pasBaxa aa 
Ypajt, BI Fy6epJiaaCEHXx a Ha^;epcK0xi ropaxi, B-B KapraacKofi 
cxenn (aa ropaxi. B. H M. Bor^o), aa KaBBasi, BT> Kpiiwy, 
B% TypEecxaai a BI loffiaoa CaOapa. Ha KaBEasi oaa aa5.aio- 
jiaexca aa npeflropiflxi> a aa CEjonaxx BCBBICOKHXI r<^ a 
XOIMOBX, ao nojiuMaexca a Burae, nepexoAH ae saM^xao B-B 
ropao-cxeaHyio o6jiacxb. Ha ciBep'i, cpe#a j'lcoBi, oaa npei- 

EaE-B-fiBI OCXpOBKH BJB OaSBCH, piBEO OXJIHiaaCb 

soo-GoxaHBiecEBM-B rafiaxycOM-B oxx oBpyjEaajea siicx- 
BOCXB. RT> Espon. Poccia CT> ea paBHaaaHM-B pejibe^oMi ua- 
MeaacTaH cxenB aadjio^aeTca oaBHBiM'B ofipasoM'B aa cMOHaxi 
ex o^naateHiaMB Mtjia, rpySaro BSBecxaaEa HJia'MCpreja (upo- 
HMyajecxBeBBO no ^ojaaaMi B SeperaMx pfcEx). 

PacxHxejtaocxB saMeaacxaa cxena COCXOBTI He 
cxeaabixi BBAOBI, Kas^-xo KOEHJiea, 



7Q 

f / "^^ 

Koeleria, Thymus, Centawrea, Artemisia H p., Koxopae 
pacxyx-b pastfpocaaao, ae coniajibao, HO H HBT. uaoraxi. 
CBoeofipasHuxi. <popMT> (cpeaa aaxi oco6eaaoe 

<5o<5oBua, Karb-xo Hedysarwm, acxparaasi, Ono- 
brychis sativa a flp.); qacro Ha aefi noflBJiaiOTCfl 
(jiHaaa BainH3, Co(5oBHHKT>,Cofoeas^er vulgaris) H jiame 
BHH AepeBAa (6epesa, ^y^HflKi, ocHHa, cocna, adaoHS. Kaparaix, 

OlJIHHHTeJIbHHMT> CBOftCTBOM^ paCTHTCJIBHOCTH KaMe- 

ciena aejiaeTca ea paspiaeHHOCtb; oea HHKOwa ne 
cE.iOHa HJIH xoawa ciuonib, a pacxerB pi^RO, pas- 
6pocaHHO. ociasJiaa Measly ox^'fcjfbHHMH asseMnjiapaMH pacxenifi 
ro.ibie npOMesyxKH. IIoBepxHoexHHM'B cy6cxpaxoui KaMCHHcxofi 
ciena aBjiaexoa lacxo rpydaa xeMHon.Bixaaa, m,e6HeBaxaa noisa, 
HoS BeaHiauu o^.iOMBaMH Kawaefi, no^i KOTO- 
o6HKHOB6HHo H Haxojflx^ upiioxi paaaH^Hbie o6nxaxeJiH 
aroS nHxepecHOfi cxaniH, ocodeeHO HSI iripa HactROHHXi. 
HHorjia rpyaxi KaueaHCxofi cxena 6HBaex^ cajtorab CEa- 
JIHCTHMI (Ypa.il , KasKast , FyfiepJinHCKia ropn , AKMO- 
JIHHCK. o6ji., HajiepCKia ropH). cocxoa se XOJIBKO HST. 
HflKOB-b, HO H H3t 6ojL^e xBep^Bixi ropHHXt aopo^t 
xofe'B, rpaHHia, nop4)Hpa, cjiaaneBi H sp-)> o^HKBOBeBHo 

npHKpHTBix'B oieab XOBKHMI C.TOCMI cipoii noiBH HIH 
a BHona H coBciMi no^x0 ofiaaateaaHXi, coiepsa 
noiBH BI mejiax'b H npoitejKyxEax'b Kastaefl H 

cxenh ocoSeaao xopomo H DOJIHO pasBHxa aa 
cienHoB o6aacx0, xasi H cpena nycxtiab H ropt. Map- 
<j> a y Ha ea Beci>Ma csoeoSpasaa H cojepasaxx BX 
ce6i ae waio xapaKxepanxi (|>opMi, BS^KOHXI Sojibraa 
wffiHaro npOHCxoaweaia. Maoria HS% axaxt 

aeBO aa cisepx, wi oai scxp-lqaioTca enopa- 
jiH<iecE0, H npaxoMt xoitso BX coo6mecxBt ci EaMeaacxofl 
cxeab, x. e, cjii^OBaxejibHO scerja npa oco6axt onpe^iaea- 
auxi. ycaoBiaxi. Bojibraaa iacxb BH^OBI HypaBBeat, 
aa KaMeaacxofi cxena, A^aroTs CBOH raisjta noa-B 
jai npOMeiKyiKaxi. ueat^y HHMH H B*B xpem0aaxT> 



80 



MypaBtH CBOficTBeeau BaMeHHCiofl crena: 



Camponotus vagus 

C. saxatilis 

C. aethiops 

C. lateralis 

Lasius carniolicus 

L. emarginatus 

L. alienus 

L umbratus 
*L. exacutus 
*Formica uralensis 

F. pratensis 

F. pressilabris 
*F. gagates 

F. rufibarbis 

F. rufib. v. subpilosa 

F. rufib. v. glauca 

F. clara 

F, cinerea 

F. sanguinea 
*Proformica nasuta 

Pr. aberrans 

Myrmecocystus aenescens 

Polyergus rufescens 
Piagiolepis pygmaea 
*PJ. pygm. v. pallescens 
Tapinoma erraticum 



Tap. nigerrimum 
*Solenopsis fagax 
*Sol. orientalis 

Tetramorium caespitum 
*T. caesp. var. ferox 

T. caesp. v. meridionale 
*T. caesp. v. forte 
*T. caesp. v. punicum 

T. inerme 
*Myrmoxenus gordiagini 

Leptothorax bulgaricus 

L. nassonovi 

L. tuberum i. sp. 

L. unifasciatus 

L. exilis 

L. serviculns 

Myrinica scabrinodis 

M. lobicornis 

M. lobic. v. schenckii 

M. Jobic. v. deplanata 

M. sulcinodis (v. nigripes) 

Messor structor 
*M. struct, v. clivorura 
*M. tataricus 

Pheidole pallidula. 



BT. 



Bcero CBume 50 <popii%. Hsi HEX* MHOria aejafOTCfl 
H ropnocTenHHMH, HacTbio ^HCTO CTenHHMH, 

(aanpHM. Playiol. pygmaea, Preform, nasuta. 
Myrm. aenescens, Tetram. inerme, Pheid. pallidula). Xapanrep- 



KycTapHHKaMi H onymKami (Polyerg. rufescens, Lept. 



81 

unifasciatus, F. sanguined), ancTBeaHHM'B Jticani (Camp, va- 
gus, Las. emarginatus), necKaMt COCHOBHM-B fiopaM'B (Form, 
cinerea, F. rufibarbis v. subpilosa); BCTpiqaroica a ropHiia 
(M. sulcinodis). 

B% pacnpocxpaHCHiH MHoraxi crenaHX'b (popm JRBBOT- 
BKJXT> KaneaHCTaa cienb arpaeit 6o-ibmoe aaaieaie, 

B03MOXHOCTB HCHTb 8E300K0HeCKH, T. 6. AaJlCKO 3H 

odJiaciH HXI ofiHTaaia. M,aoria aai xaKHxi $P M<:b 
Ha cliBtpij BI nojioci JHCTBeHHuxi ^0061 H ^a- 
ate cpe^H Taftrn, TJCB oei nocejaroica HCB^ioiBTejbHO aa CEJIO- 
naxi, nopociiJHxx pacTeaiaMH, CBoiScxBeaatiMH KaueHHCToB CTCHH. 
HMCBBO B-B ciBepaofi H cpe^aefi Eepon. Poccia H BX CH^HPH, 
TaKse H BT> sana^ao8 Esponi loasaue cieaaue CKJOHH asaa- 
K>Tca npeHMymecTBeHHtiMi. MicxoolJHTaaieMx TaKaxx &iypaBi.eBi, 
KaKi Tetramdrium caespitum, Form, rufibarbis, F. uralensis 
(MocKOBCK. ry6.), F. gagates. LeptotJi. tuberum, Lasius alienus, 
L. mnbratus, Solenopsis fugax, Myrmica scabrinodis, M. lo- 
licornis. Maoria HSX nepeiHcaeaanxi <|)opM', Enpo^eMi, O.HHO- 
BpeMeHBO co CTenaHMH cKjioaaMH BCipijiaiOTca eaie H B% coc- 
HOBHX'6 6opaxi, Ky^a noateTi 6uTt oiqaciH oa r i H nepetn.iH 

C'J. 8THXI CKJIOBOBl. 

Ha KaaieHHCTofl ciena qacio BCxpiqaioTca H (JiopMu cno- 
pa/uaqecKaro pacnpocTpaneaia (Mess, structor var. divorum, 
Lasius carniolicus) aaTin^ Boofioje MBoria toacatia ({topMu 
(aanp. I'Tieid. pallidula, Leptothorax semenovi, Tapinoma ni- 
gerrimum, Plagiolepis pygmaea, Prof or mica nasuta H 
,np.), CBoficTBeaaua no npe0MymecTBy nycitiBi. $ayna 
cxofl cxenn OICHB ^pesaaro npOHcxoatAeaia, HMironjaa 
CBHSfc cx ropnuMH oCuacTfliiH. BT> JieAHHKOByio anoxy oaa 
pasBHia CHJBBO. Oaa ^aJia smoria (|)opMH ^a iepH03eMao3 
CTenn H ^Jia COCBOBUXX 6opOBi. CaMa-ate no;iyHHJia fioaBniHB- 
CTBO CBOHXI ^topiix HacTbK) H3i ropBocTenBofi o6^acx0, nacTi>H> 
01% nycTHBB, Tasi Kasi Ta .apyraa BT. je^HHKOByro anoxy 
0ji0 faasKyio KI sea (5tui0 paasaTH ropaa.no fiooiie qisii xeaepi.. 
$ayaa Kaueaocxoa cienn B% cpe^nea H cisepaoM nojoci 
Espon. Poccia oSpeneaa aa nocTeneaaoe BtiMHpaaie, 060 XOJIMU 



82 

a CKJOHIJ eb ofiHa/KemaMH, r^ls oea pasBHia, ci TeienienT. 
BCC Sojite H 6oi'Be paspyinaioica KaK'b on> ecTecTBCH- 
areHTOBi (aeHyjianjfl, aposia), xau-b BI oco^eueocTH H 

4i>aTe.ibHOCTH lejioBtKa. 

BT> o6.iaci'H nycTbiHb, rasace B-L 3aKaBKasb r B H BI 
na ior4, KaMeHHCiaa erenb npBBHiiaen. oco6bi8, 
, nycTHHHaB xapaKTep^ H Hacc^eHa r;-6jiiJMx pajiOMi 
, BOBce ne BCTp'BHarou;Hxcfl na c-BBepi, a nanpoTHBi pac^ 
npocTpaHeHHtixi BT. Ilepcin, M&SO& Aaia, MesonoTaMW, Apa- 

^pnK'B H Ha eBpoue8cEOMi> no(JepeKbH 
siopa, H.IH FM'BIOIII,HX% ian^ GJIHSK 

cienn CT, TaKEMs xapaKiepOMi ii 

nasBanie KaMenucmoii nycmbiHu, coxpanaBii HasBaflie na- 
MeHucmou cmenu sa ToB cranjeft, Koiopafl paaoaTa BT> 
nepHoseiia H C'EBepnte. TaKaa KaMeHHcraa cTenb- 
HMieica Hanp. Ha ropax'b MaJioc H Bo-ibinoe Eor^o, Ha THnco- 
BKIXX xoJiMaxi OKOJIO HH^epcKaro cojieaaro oaepa, Ha MJTOA- 
, ManrauuaK'B, r HarecTaH'B, BX 3aKacniiicKo8 o6ji. H up. Ha 
ona Hesajiimio cjiHEaetca ci. ropno-CTenHoio o6aacTbio. 

, CBOHCTBeHHHX'I. 9THMI K)ffiHHMl KaMeHHCTHMX CT6- 

naiix, nyffiHO HasBaxb: Pheidole pattidula, Myrmecocystus de- 
sertorum, Plagiol. pygmaea, Bothriom. meridionalis, Tetramo- 
rium inerme, punicum, meridionale, Leptothorax semenovi, 
Acaniholepis frauenfddii, Preform, nasuta, Pr. alerrans, Myr- 
mecoc. albicans, Messor barbarus meridionalis, M. capitatus, 
Formica clara. 

KycmapuuKoeaR cmem cjiyatHTi> BT> HiKOiopOMi pOA'fe npo- 

HOMt Meacay J'BCOMI a CTentio. KTO 
lOHtHbie, paaBHTiie BT, upea'BJraxi CTeneoS 
CTBCHHbie Jiica, TOTS xopomo SHaeix Kaicoe rpouaAHoe 

TaMi> cienHHe icyciapEHKH, pacTyui,ie no onyniKaMi, 
, OKpaHHaM% JI'BCHHXS jiopori H Ha coonax^ JI'BCHUX^ 
OBparoBi; BTHMI KycTapHHKaMi., rjaBHHMi ofipasons cocToa- 
H3t ^HKOH BBraHB, 6o6oBHHKa H Cytisus biflorus, Bccr^a 
H n,ij.iEi2 pa^x TpaBaHHCTBixi cienHbixi pacieHifl. 
BBinHH H 6o6oBH0Ka Ha noJiaHaxs H 



83 



MHOfO, 1TO OU0 JL&WII HXl UOHTH 

MUMH. Ho CTenHue KycrapuHKH BdptqaroTca TRKXC naTHan0 H 
OJioca\iH H Ha pOBHofl CTenn H aa xojiMaxi H na 
npaieiii s^icb OHH pasBHTu BQOJIB'E T0nniao H RT> HHMX 
Tpex^ BHrneyKaaaHHuxi BHJIOBI. npaGaBJiafOTCa erne jtpeaeea 
(Caragana frutescens), xaBO^ra (Spiraea crenifolia), 
BUKT, xepa^, 6oapHinH0E%, rpyraa, a6.noHa, Cepecii., 



Taicifl KycTapHBKOBO-^peBecHwa sapocaa, 
c^ pa3HOo6pasBiasiii TpaBanacTUMH crenHHsia pacTefliajiH, pa- 

CTVU],HMH Jie^'Ji;)' HHMH HJIH o6pa3yiOUl,HMH OT^'BJIbHHa .lyrOBUHH, 

npejcraBjatoTx raMocToa r rejii,Hyio CTa^iK), 
ocoSofi rpynnHpOBKOfi cBoero Hace.neBia, rani H 
rnoScTBCHBUMH eft 



Ilsi. MypaBbeisi naHSo^fee oStiiHHMn m& ctaijiii CTCIIHUXI 
nasBaib 



*Polyergus rufescens F. rufibarbis 

*Camponotus lateralis ^Leptothorax unifasciatus 

C. acthiops *L. kirillovi 

* Formica sanguinea *L. tuberuoi 

*F. uralensis *L. exilis 
*F. truncicola Bothriomyrraes raeridionalis 

F. pressilabris Solenopsis orientalis 

*F. pratensis Myrmica scabrinodis 



HUM!, iacTo <?me npHcoeiHHHioTCfl H spyre Meae xa- 
, nMenno: Lasivs flavus, L. umbratas, L. bicornis, 
L. ahenus, L. niger, Camponotus vxgus, Tapinoma erraticum, 
Myrmica scabrinodis, Tetramorium caespitum, Leptothorax 
nassonovi H Jipyrie, CBoBciBeHHue KameHHCTOfi HIH KOBUJbaofl 
CTCJIH. OrMiieanue SBisioqKOfl (*) MHt Kaacyxca ocofieaHO xa- 



CTGDH xicao CBasaaa C*B iepH03eMHO- 
Q ci) KaMen0CTo2 denBH), iaEx EaKi>' ooa 
paaBHBaeica cpe^H HHxii H BI niKOTOponi po^i 

6* 



84 

HMT, a CT> jpyroii cropoou oaa npe;tcxaBJiaexi 
nepexo,nT> KT. ..TBcy (.itcocTenb), jasaa apncxaB0in,e xaK0.MT> 
([lopnasii, tca^ Formica truncicola, F. pratensis, Camponotus 
vagus, Camp, aethiops, 'Leptoihorax titberum H unifnsciatus, 
Koxopue jtfejarorf. raiaja B-B jepeB'b 0.un nyacaatOTCa 
Bsinncrax'b MaiepiaJiaxf. wa nocrpoHKH C.IOJKHHXT, 



Ha KaeKasb KyctapHHKOBaji c r ren& COCTOHTTJ asx 
cnerua.ibHiJX'i. pacienifi, KaKOBti jjepJKH-^epeBo, a.m^a,, 
u jp.; xaii^ ofia pasBHta B't H3o6n.'iiH na cK^OHax 
ropi) H y 0x^ iKunoaufl, na xo.iMncTtix^ npe^tropinx^, no 
ymtvibflsn> n T. j.; si'ic'rasiH ona ofiHapyacHBaen uepexo.ii KS 
HaropuoS crenn H K^ iiycrun't, Syjyqu eacejeea TaKHMH (pop- 
siaiiH KaK^ Formica rufib. \. caucasica, Proformicn nasuta, 
J'heidole pallidula, Platjiol. pygmaea H ^p. 

. paaaooopasB'BJi KyciapnnKOBaH H ^pesecHaa pacxH- 
KyciapHHKOBOfi cxeiia, rhui, 6oraie H pa3Hoo6pa3H i fe8 
eH <j)ayaa. TaK'f., aanp., EyciapHHKOBaa cienb BI Yt})HMCKoii rySep- 
nln, rjL' ona uicxaMH XOTH H oneHb pa3B0xa, no COCTOHXI 
037, sapoc.ieH dofioBHHKa (Amyfldalus nana) HJH 
(Primus chamaccerasus), nacejieea oqe 
siypaBseBi, HiieHBo: lolyerijus rufescens, Form, pra- 
tensis, F. pressilabris, F. rufibarbis. F. trundcola, Te.tr amo- 
rium caespitum, Myrmica scabrincdis, Lasius alienus, npaqein. 
F. truncicola H F. pratensis, odpasyromje caMtia 
n aerie sairiTBLia coopystenia oa 9roft C'rena, scer^a 
T^'BJibHo, aa sHa^HxeJibBOMi paacxoaHin ^pyrx ox^ jipyra, 
9Kcn.ioax0pya paaaua oS.iacxH. Polyeryus rufescens xaiut o^teat 
pi^OK'j) a jHHBerb BMicxi ci F. rufibarbis. BT> sapocJiax^ BH- 
ineaiiHKa Ba nojumaxi. jiyrtoBuxi jicoBii CnM(5npCKofi ry6. <pa- 
yaa MypaBiesi eme 6'i^Bie; xam Bcxpiqaioxca Meat^y npo^HMt 
xaK/Ke Lasius flavus m'(7fr. ECJIH a?e B3axb ^,ia cpaBHenia Ky- 
cxapBHKOByio cxeiib So-nie loatauxi MicxBOCxeM, Hanpait. Capa- 
TOBCKofi ryd. H.IH KaBKasa, BT> cocxaBi Koxopofi BXOWT^ Kpoiit 
KycxapBHKOB'b H pasJiHiaua speBCCHtia uopo^u (uaparaTb, a6- 
jroaa, doapsiniHHB'B, ajbiia a APO> xo rani yse scrpiiaroxcs 



85 

.lenTOTopascti (L. unifasciatus, exilis, tuberum), qepnue Me;usie 
itaMnonOTycja (Camp, later alls, aethiops), Bothriomyrm. meri- 
dionalis (na KaBKasis), cojcHoncBCt, ae ciaraa pas-iHiHuxt 
jiasiycoB'b H (jtopiiBR-t. 

CoaoHifbi H coMHHCiKoeaR cmenb pasfipocanu ocTponaMB BT. 
ofwiacTB CTcnen >JiB3T> ea IOJEHOS rpaHBii&i, a CO^OBI^U Epojii 
Toro raKiKe H BI> ofi^acTH nycriiHi). OCTJ)OBKH BTH 

paaiaipOBT, H scero qame npiypoienH K% 

cojiOBaoBarofi CTGHB f0.ioaiiu 

ne TOJBKO CTcnasin, HO nept^KO xaKa;e rpaHBiarx H CT> 
pacno.iaraacb na onyuiKaxx H najmnaxt (eanpHM.. OKOJO 

.itcKOBi CaparoBCKofl ry6.). KpoMt cnenjajitHO HMI 
ti, na HHXT. o6uino saxoiaix H ^pyrie BH^W 
co ciena. Co.aonyaEOBaa cieni. npeflCTaB-iaeii nepexojByio cia- 
eaiAy wpnoseiiHOfi crenbio H co.ionnaMH. Oaa HMien, 
TpaeanBCTuxi) npocrpancTBi, pasBHiuxi aa noico.ionKaxi 
H cooioHii,OBaTEixT) HepBosesiax^. B'L BOCTOHHOH PocciH (Capa- 
, CajiapCKaa, OpeaSyprcEaa ry6.) H BT> Saaa^a. 
npocipancTBa necbua Hepiflica. 
acTRTeJiiHuJi tioKpoui) cojosqeBarOH crena COCTOHTB 
IBCTO CTennLixx ipaivB cii cojtOBqaKOBUMH. $ayna ea 
cM'tmannaa, cocroau],aa ae TOJII.KO HSI cnen,iajbBHxx 

inCTO COJlOHMaKOBHXT. 4'OpMX, HO TaKSKG H31 O^WKBOBeflBHXX 

CTenHuxT> BJB nycTUHHbix^ (Plagiol. pygmaea), a paBao a asi. 
<})opin, paajiHHBaro xapaKTepa wBCTOoCaTaBia. UpHcyTCTBie cien- 
HHXI> H nycTMHHHXi $opwi .ierKO o6iacH0Tb na 
CTeaH, raKT> KaKx ost saxo^aT^ xy^a H3% COC^BHXI, 
CTBCHBO OKOJIO BHXi. jejKamBxii yqacTKOB^ qepHOseiiHOil crena HJIB 
rjiaaacTOB nyciuHB. HaxojKflCHie-jKe na cojiOBqaBOBHXi CTe^ax^ 
co.noHn,axi $opM^ pasHoxapaKTepaaro ofiHTaaia BbiflCHKTb #0- 
BOJibno Tpy^ao; srt, xaKBM^ 4>opMaMi np0Ha^.aeffiaTi, aaap. Las. 
niger a Las. flavus, npe^CTaBjaioiAie apeo6,iajaionufi ajejaeBTB 
Hace.ieBia cojiOHqaKOBhJXi yMacTKOBi. Do BTOMV noeo^y ayatao 
saM'feTBTb, HTO aiKOTOpue MypaBta ouiaiaioTca ipeaBti* 
BenpaxoiJiBBOCTbio BI BH6opi MtcTOo6aTaaia, cnocofi- 

HO(TBH) EpBCHOCOfijiaTtCa KT. paBJIHHHHMl atHSBCHHHMT) 



86 

TaKOBbi, HanpHM., Lasius flavus, L. niger, Myrmica laevino- 
dis, Tttramoriiim caespitum, orqacTH Formica rufibarbis^ 
F. fusca, Las. alienus H H. ,ap. UpHinea aioS ocotfeHHOCTH 
.lestHTi Meat/ty npoHHMt BT> ycJiOBiaxt HXT> conjaji&Hoa JKHSBH, 
BT. HXT> KpaSaeft yMipeHBOCTti no OTHomeniio KT. DHDIH, BT, B\T> 
H eme B^ TOMI, qio OHH cojKHie.JibCTByiOTi CT. pas- 
BHjaiin ^pyrnxi S:HBOTHHXI, KOioptixT. HCKycno y&iij' 
IOTI. Hcno.ibsoBaTt B^ CBOHX% Burojiaxi, Hanp. Cb rn.ia.MU. IIo- 
wfc^Hia, ^ocraBjflfl siypaBbaMi neoCxojHMyio nnmy CBOHMB 
ncapa/KHenifliiH, caMH naxaioTca coKaiia paajmiBbirb pacreein, 
ee xpefiya nuKaKoro oeofieuHaro yxojia sa 00608 co CTOpoiiu 
. TaK%, Las. flavus, nOBB^imoMy, uHraeica HCKJIIOIH- 
aa CHGTI T,ie8, SBJisncb BI. aaHHOMi cjiy^ai THnuHHtiut 
Mono(|iarosi%; atHBa BI CBOHXI xojiMHKaxi, OHX HBKor,>ia ne BH- 
XOJHTT, Hapy/Ky, BTO coBepmeeHO iioflsesiHufi a?HTe^b, ^epasa- 
mifi y ce6a B^ raisAaxi T.iefl sa KopHaxi pacTenifi. Lasius 
niger, HanporaBi, oKasbiBae'rca nacro^BKO-ate nojiseMHHMi, KHKI 
H HajBejinuxt iKHxejieMi, ^aace nocjt'hjiHHMi B^ (JOJtuiefi cie- 
y ce6a BI jiypaBefiHHKi OHX He Bcer.ua ^epKHT%, a 
noc r I>n;aTb axtixi aaao noABaKnuxi Hac'tKOnuxi 
Ha flepeBbaxt H TpaBaHBCTux-L pacieniaxi H co6npait ci> HHXT, 
CBOK) ^anb, coBepmaa 9Ty paGory ne TO^bKO flHeux, HO r raKa:e 
H B'B THxia, Tea^Bia HOHH. CioJiBace ycep^HO noc4uiaioT% T.aefl 
aa pacxefliaxTj Myrmica laevinodis, Formica rufibarbis H 
F. fusca. 

BT> ofimewi BreiaKB ^ayna co.nOHn.OB'B H co.iOHqaKOBOfi cie- 
nn flOBOJibHo 6'B^Haa. Bi cociasx ca exo^flTi c.ii^yiom,ia ^opMia: 

*Lasius flavus F. rufibarbis 

L. fl. v. odorafus *F. rufib. v. glauca 

L. bicornis v. affinis F. cinerea 

L. mixtus Myrmecocystus aentscens 

*L. niger M. tancrei 

L. alienus Solenopsis orientalis 

Formica pratensis Sol. orient. Y. kasalinensis 

F. pressilabris Tetramorium caespitum 



87 

Myrmica laevinodis M. rugulosa 

*M. bergi Plagiolepis pygmaea 

M. scabrinodis *Cardicondyla stamb. v. ko 
*M. scabr. v. lacustris shewnikovi 

*M. scabr. v. salina 

3Bl>3o<!KOH oTMiieHH xapaKxepHtia (jjopMH. 

Koaeiao cocxaBt <JayaH COJIOBUOBT. a co.aoHii.oBaTuxi cxe- 
neft BI pasHBixt M^CTHOCTSXI Poccia paajiHieai BI aaBaca- 
MOCTH OT-B xapasxepa HXT. pacTHxeaBHOctH, KoaaiecxBa eoji,ep- 
ataHia BjiaKHOCTH H coJiefi, TaKJite H reorpa^aieCKaro noioace- 
aia. C'feBepHue COJIOHUH Boofime StuHte (JtopiuaMH IOXHEIXI. /I, Aa 
cojiOHi^eBi. BI aana^HOfi Ca60pH xapaKiepHH MHPMHKH (Myrm, 
scabrinodis var. salina, var. lacustris). $ayaa c<uoHn,OBX OK- 
pecTHOCTeS CapenTii OKaaa-aact OICHB oparHaaaBHofi; TaMX a 
naiiiejn. cji'ijyioniHxi MypaBbeB^: Lasius flavus i. sp., var. 
odoratus, L. affinis, L. niger, L. alienus, Form, rufibarbis, 
Solenopsis orientalis, Tetramorium caespitum, Plagiolepis pyg- 
maea, Myrmica scabrinodis, M. bergi, Cardiocondyla koshew- 
nikovi. JKajm OHH IBMI BX aejuiaBHX^ xojiM0Kax%, npaieMi BI 
6ojn>niHHCTBB cjiyqaesi O^BH-B H TOTi-se XOIMHKI 
6ujn> HicKOjiLRBMH (JiopMaMu. Hsi yKasaHHHxx fyopw 
nacTb aa c'BBepHtlx^ co.Kmn.ax'B He BCTpiqaeTca. TOABKO La- 
sius niger H flavus aBaaiOTca cnyTHHKaim BCSKHXI COJIOHI^OBI 
HeaaBHCHMO OTI. HXX xapanxepa a reorpa(J)H<iecKaro noaoateHia. 

Bee HaceJieHie MypaBtesi aa cojiOHqoBaTHxi jiyraxi H 
cojioHB(axx BI ^ojitraancTB'fe cjiyiaee-B cocpeflOTOHaBaeica BI 
xo.iMHKax^, npeflCTaB.iiHtomHX'k HHTepecHoe aBJieaie 
ats^^. BT> 310x1 xojiMHBaxi, npopocTaiom,HXi 
caepxy Tpar,ofl, atasyT^ paa^Hqaae BHJH MypaBtesi CT> pasHUiiH 
n,%JiaMH: OJHH BX Kaqecist HacToaoiaxt xosaeai B.IH HCTBHHKIXI, 
CHM(JioHTOBi, jupyrie KaK-B npocTBie COC-B^H, ipetBH ct, 
xHni,HH?ecKHMa H BopOBCKHMH (uanp. Solenopsis). 
poaB 3A'6cB noBH^HMOMy npHaawesBTi JiasiycaM^, ocoOeaao 
Jiasiycy, Kpafine xpysoJiioOHBOMy a HeaaBacaMOKy, KO- 
no Bcefl BispoaxaocTH H aejaeica nepBOHa?ajiBHtiM% ycxpoa- 



88 

xe.iejn, 9THXT. XOJIMHEOBT,. Co.ioHiaKOBija npocTpaacTBa B'i. 
oTHOiueriiH CXO^HLJ ct Jiyrajin piiinuxi ^OJiHin.; xain> n 
xyx-r, qnc.10 jiasiycoBuxi. xo.oiHKOi!7>, Jieatamax't oneub OIHSKO 
oflHHi. oxi. .npyroro, nacxo 6jJBaen, rpoua^no. TaKt BT> OKpecxH. 
CapenTia (BT, 1905 r.) Ha OJJHOJII co.ionnoBaTosn.jyry a nac'in- 
TUBa.ii) B7> pasntixi yqacTKaxi ero na 9 KB. cajEeHaxt on. 8 

,10 27 MypaBbHHHX'I, X0.1MHKOBI, UTO Ha OflHOS flCOlTHH'!) CO- 

CTaBHTl IIpU()JH30TeJIbHO OTL 2130 ^0 7200 XOJMHKOBi; a Ha 

OjiHofl KBa^paTHoi! Bepcrb OTI 222000 ^o 750000. BT> jo.nHHij 
p. CBiara H no^yiaJi^ ne neHbiiiia vnc.ia. Bi OKpecTHOCxaxt 
r. KpacHoy<|)HMCKa iipot{). A. H. Fop^arnHx HaciHTUBUJiT, 
40 MvpaBeSHHEOBT> (HacejeDHwx'i. rjaBHiiMT> oSpaaOM't ias. 
flavus R L. nif/cr) Ha 100 KBafl. caajenax't, MTO Ha Kca^paTH. 
nepcry coc'raiiHTi, 100000. Bi CapaiOBCKofi ry6. (Cepjjo5cKi3 
H Ba.7amoBCKiM yisAu) T. II. Fop^'heBi. (879) HPHBOIHTI 
25 xojisiHKOBT) TiiX'L-ffie MvpaBtGB't Ha 10 KB. MexpoBi Hjia 
250000 iia 1 KH-ioiieipi. (na MOicpux^ coJiOHii,axi, H cojiOHn,o- 

Jiyraxi) '). 

B.iaatHOCTB Micra OICBH^BO npe^CTaBJiaeTi. BaatHoe yc.iOBie 
noceJiemn TEKHXI iiypaBteB-B KaK'i. Lasius flavus, L. ni- 
ycr H Myrmica laevinodis. Ha cyxaxt co.nonu,eBaTHXi c-renaxi 
^sa nepBtixt oyeat P^^BK, a nocj^Haa coBd&M'B ne BCTpt- 
Hae-rca; TOIHO TaKse HXI nii'i. aa MepeoseMHofi H KawenBCTofi 
ciena. CoAepataHie co^eS B% IIOHB^ BipoatHO s^ict nrpaext 
BTOpocTeneHHyro po.ib. HpacyTCTsie ate BT, QojtuieH HJU iieub- 
mefi cieneiiH BJia/KHOcra HM'teii. aaHCoJii>uiee SHaieaie iipa BIJ- 
Copi M^CTa nocejeHia y BuuueHasBaHntiX'fi MypaBBGBT,. Toate 
o<ieBH^no HyatHO CKasaxt H npo Myrmica lergi, KOTopyro a BI 
OKpeciHocxaxi Capenxn HH pasy He BCxptxHJii na r.aHHHCToH 
nycitiHi, ocxaiome2ca 6ojibmyio qacxt Jiixa cyxofi H 
KaEi KaiieHB. ^Ixo-ace Kacaexca Haxoat^eHia BI XO.HMH- 



XOJIMHKH c% 

MHOTO CBoeofipasHHxi 6io^orH?ecKHxt ocofieHHocTeft, uo 
a He Mory B^asaTBca BT> noapoOHociH HfiyAY o6i> HHXX rosopHTB 
Mieii. 



89 

sa co-icmnax-B Cardicondyla, Flagiolepis H Solenopsis, 
Morym,HXT> JKHTB H BX nycTHai H aa KaneimcToB creaa, TO a 
<rro sflijcb BI rnia^axx JiasiycoBi 910 MypaeiH noce- 
BT> KaqecTBi K.nenToQioHTOB'B H .iecTo6ioHTOB%. 
Ha MOKptix-B SJIBIXI coaoHD;axi> ofJeTaerB ropasjio Mentme 
i4ni sa co-iOHiiOBaTHX-B Jiyraxi H.UH CTeaaxi; Taut 
(OpefifiyprcKaa ryfi., TodojibCKaa) BCTpi^aroTca TOJILKO sKejiiuM 
TCMHofiyptiS JiasiycH, Myrmica scabrinodis v. salina H la- 
custris. 

CpaBB0'rejitHoe oorarcTso (|>opMaMH MypaBteBi cupuxi co- 
JOHII,OBHXI. JiyroBi cpe^n OHBHCTOS nojHHHofl nycTiiHH 061.- 
aCHaeTca 6o.iie fiaaronpiaTBHMH 0x1 at03HeHHHM0 
OHH flBjiaiOTCH nacToam0M0 oasHcaMH cpe^n Kpanne 



HOCT0 HyCTHHH. 



p.isjiH'iie Bt oTTiHKax'b ctpoeaia CJO/K- 
, UHKJia Formica rufa st jj-fecy H na crenH. 
(F. pratcnsis, truncicola), KaKi. H3B-tctHO, 

COCTOflTT, H3"b nOA36MHofi H3CTH, HM-ilOIliefl BHJTb BOpOHKH, 

r.iaBHtiMi, odpaaoMi, oSjioMKamn creOjiefl, H na^- 
Bt BKa-fc Hacunnoro KOHyca, cocxaBjieHHaro npenMy- 
H3 r L p jsJiHHHUXT. pacTBTejibHuxt MaTepiajTOBt (cpe^H 
KOTOpuxi. cte6jiH oStiKHOBCHHo npeo6jia.aaioT'h) ; KpOM"fe roro BO- 
poHKa caapyWH oKpy?KaeTC>i KOJibueBUMT. BajiOM'b HST. BUHC- 
ceHHOfl 3CMJJH. Bajiij sTorb 6biBaeT'b 6o.ji-fee pasBHTT. y cren- 
Hfaixt rH-fesA^ H naxo^HTca coBepiueHHO HapyjKH, HHKoraa ne 
6yjiyHH npHKpUTT, HactinHHM-b KOHVCOMT,; y ji-ijcaHxt- 
OHT, Boo6uie Menbiue H aaKptir-b HacHnHHM-K KOHycoM^.. BT. 

raannoc pasjiHnie rH'tsA'b Ji-fecaux-b ott 
Tore BT> .TJbcHHXT) rH"fe3AaxTj HacnnHofi KOnyct Bcerj,a HM"t- 
exca n xopomo passHTi,, AocraraH HHor^a 3aam-iTejibHtixT> passii- 
poBi.. Bi iH-Esaaxb JKC aa CTCDH KOHyct pasBHTt cjiaSo H 6ojib- 
meio vacTbio BOBCC oTcyTCTByeri.1 raKT> HTO nosepxHocTb BopoHKH 
npe^ctaBJifleTb raaAKyio, posnyK) njioiuaAKy, HHor^a Aawe cjierna 
BorHyryio. USASJIH raKie MypaeeflnnKH He BHAHU. Kpyrosoft Bajfb 
y HHXT> aapacraer-b cKp^ruiflsomeft ero TpaeaHHCToft H KyciapaHKOBOft 

paCTHTCJIbHOCTbtO, KOTOpajl Hep"tAKO AOCTHraCTTi SHaHHTCJIbHOft BU- 



90 



com H rycroTij, coBepiueHHO CKpi-iBaa MypaBCHHHK'b OTT> rjiaai, Ha- 
6.iK);xaTe.iH H AOCTaBjiaa o6nTaTe,iflMi> raKoro rHisAa ojiaroA'liTeab- 

HV10 TiHb. Ec.lH MypaBeftHHKt CTOHTt Ha KpVTOM'b CKJlOH-fc XOJIM3, 

TO qacTb KpyroBoro ua-ia, o6pameHH.i>i K'b ocHOBaHiio cK.iona, SbisaeTi, 

o6blKHOB6HHO SHaHHTCJlbHO 6ojl'fee paSBHT.l, KaKT>-6bI nOAOHpafl CHH3V 

, 6.nroAap>i MCMV njiomajiKa, npHKpbiBaioma BopoHKy, co- 
ropHsoHtajibiioe noJio/Kenie. PasBHiie aapy/KKaro Konyca 
BT. .TtcHtix'b rH-t3AaxT> oS'bacH^eTca: BO I-XT>) o6HJiiew"b HacunHoro 



nero 3na i iHTejibHO oSjierHaerc^ 'rpyji-b Myp.iBbjiM"b no AOcrasK't atoro 
MaTepiajia, BO 2-xi>) nocTonHnoso BJia'/KHocTbio, Haxo^Hiueroca BT> jrfecy 
H BT. oco6eHHOCTH B"b JiicHofi noHR-fe, 'no H no6y>KAaeTt MypasbeBt 
noAbiMaib Bhiiiie Konyci H A"BJiatb BHyrpn ero Kawepu, OHCHbxopouio 
H V4Q6HO BeHTH.inpyex:Ha; B'b STH Kajjepa BT> HSB'bcTHoe BpeMH 

BblHJCaTCM KOKOHU H J1HHHHKH. SaT^M-b BT. Jlicj Hapy)KHblft KOHyCTj, 
KaKt-6bI OH-b HC 6bljTb BCJUWb, BTj OCC6eHHOCTH CCJIH riTESAC HO- 

M-tmaeTCH BT. Ham-t .rfeca, ae rant seMTbreHTj, K3Ki> 3io HM-i3Jio-6u 
Micro Ha CTCOH. Sna^eHie Kpyrosoro sajia BT> rH-feanaxij, cToaiunx~b 
na CTcnHtix-b CKJionax'b, saK.nioHaeToi eme H Bt TOM'b, HTO oH'b ripc- 
Aoxpanaefb MypaBcfliiHKb OTT> paaMUBa AOyKACBti.viH BOAaMH. Or- 
cyrcTBie->Ke HJIH caance paasHtie napy>KHaro KOHyca y cTenHbixt 



Ha cterin H aarpyAHHTejibnocTbra ^.JIH Mypaiibesij ns r b 

4CCT3BKH. 

II y C T bl H H. 



06.iacTb nycmbiHb saHHMaeTt rjiaBHHMx ofipasoMt SanajHyw 
H ciBepHVfo laciH Typana. IlycTKiHBUfl npocrpancTBa Taut rpyn- 
napyioTca OEOJIO KacniHcKaro Mops, ApajiscKaro H Baaxama, 
npocT0paacb OTI EpreHefl so Tap6oraTaa, KI c-fesepy aoxo^a 
^o Typraa H ^earnaa, na ror^fe orpaHHHHBaacb npe^ijiaMH IlepciH 
H AsraHHCTaHa. Ha BOCTOK* OHH yxo^aTi BO MoHroJiiro. Ha 
sanaflfc oSjiactb nyciUHi. saxeaTUBaeTi roroBOCTOiHHfi yroai Esp. 
Poccin (KprpraacBaa H Kajraumcaa cTenb), sattMi TaneTca no 
sanaflHOMy nofiepeattto Kacniacsaro Mopa, BAaBaact BX 
6acce8Ha Kypti BI SaKaBBasbe (Kapa(5axcKaa cienL). 

cyxocTiio Bosjyxa, 



-- 91 - 

(5oJibinnMH aaaaHTyAaMH TejmepaTypu (CH-IBUHMH JKapajta JTBTOMI 
H MOposaMH 3BMOB), ooJiacTb 3ia no cBoeuy otfmeuy xapasrepy 
H <5iojior0iecKHMT> yejiouiflMt passiuaeTca aa jsa pasjHHHue 
Tana: 1) uiUHucmyto HIH cyuuHitcmyio, co.iOHifeeamyio no.ibtu- 
uyio nycmuHw a 2) necnanyio nycmuHw. 

XOTH MapMeKoif>ayna naranx^ nycTBiHi> eme Majio 
rkin. He men'ke MU MOVKCM^ CKasaib, ITO rJiaBBHMH 
nycrtiHb HSI MypaBbCBi. asaioTca ntKotopue KaMnoHoiycH 
o6pa30M^ pacti 0jia Campon. maculatus, KaKOBu aaap. C. 
xerxes, G. turkestanicus H ap.), XBin,Hue, npoeopaue nypaBbH- 
OiryeKH (Myrmecocystus setipes r ), iesertorum, fcreli, pallidus 
H flp.), H-BKOTOpue MOHOMopiyMH n aeeHoracTepH Hst po^oBt 
Isclmomyrmex H Messor. Ha BCTHX-I. STHXI Mypasbaxi nycTHHa 
csofi oco(5uS OTnenaTOBi. HtKOtopue ast HHXI o6Jia- 
cnei;ia.3bHHMH npHcaocodjeaiaMa AJS atasHH BI nycTHH'6 
norp, ca.HHO pasBHTua luemnKH aa rojeeaxi, BOJIO- 
CKH Ha HHJKHefl noBep\:HOCTH rojoBu, oxpaH0TejibHaa OKpacKa). 
OJJBH flBjaiOTca xnui,HHKaMH, apyrie, HanpoTBBi., no npeaMy- 
m,ecTBy sepHoa^Hu. HeoSxoffHMO oTMttHTb TaKTKe HO^TH noJHoe 
OTcyxciBie BT> (JtayHi uycTtiaa npeacTaBBTeieB po^OB^ Formica, 
Lasius H Myrmica, cio^b oouKHoseHHuxi BT> Jiicaxi a cTenax^. 
KpbuaTBia 4>opMu y oQaTaromaxx nycTHHto MypasbCBi o6biKHO- 
B6HHO aoflBJiatoTca paneefi secaoft, Kor^a a cana wy pasta BO- 
o6m,e 6uBaiOT% HaHdojite A'BareJbHij. FHisAaTca iiypaBbH BS ny- 

CTHHi HCKJIOIHTeJIbHO Bl SCMJI'B, BX rJiyfiOEBXT. HOpaXl. 

FjiHHacTafl, co.ioHi;eBaTaa, nojiuHHafl nycruHH HaiBHaeica 
y 0aci> OTX Capeatu a HACTB KT> KacniHcKOMy Mopn BT> Kap- 
rH3CKyfo cienb H TypraflcKyio ofijiacTb. 9xa 
HHSMeanaa paeHHtia ci rjHHHCTOi! KaoiTaaoearo UJIH 
C'bparo ^B r BTa noisofl, nopormaa pijiKHMH syciBBaMH 
aoJiUHB a cojanKawH, cio^mapHUMB cojoun,aMB a 
sapocMMB. Paaaea BecaoB ona oataBjaetca KpacasHMH 



') Sac^yxBBaHiTi BHimauifl HHtepecHHa uaCjuoieHia npoi}). B. 4> a y c e K a. 
(939) Ha,it oAHofl pasnOBiiAHOCTbD DTOFO uypaBia (v. turcotnam'cws) BI 3&ia- 
cuificKofl 



_ go _ 



TK),UUaaOBT> II Kalian. CBOeoflpftSBOtO TOpOflJlHBOlO JKHBOTHOIO 

atHSBMO, ITB xeqeaie se .itra H ocean npeflcraBJifleri. ueia.ii>- 

Hyro (Jeaatustiennyio paiuiHay. 'I'ayaa ea cpaBHHTe.iBao 

n o,iaoo5pa3na. Hantfojte xapaKrepnuMH ea 

flBJHFOica JimepHHtJ (Eremias velox, Erem. arguta, Agama 

sancjidnolenta, Phnjnoceplialus helioscopus), cipaa ra^rorta 

(Vipern rhenardi), nycTUHauo op.iM (Aquila orientatis, A. 

cafiraKi, paajinqaua capafmetiUfl, CBoeo6pa3Hue 
j. 



Ji3t SiypaBbGBl. IMHHaCTO-HOJHflHOH nyCTUH'fe CBO^CTBeHHU 



*Acantholepis fraiienfcldii 
*A. f'rauenf. v. arnoldovi 
*Plagiolepis pygmaea 
Tetramorium caespitum 
Myrmica rugosa v. kirgisica 
*Myrm. stangeana 
*Messor structor 

M. lubuliferus v. excursionis 
*M. capitatus v. aralocaspius 
*M. cap. v. meridionalis 
*M. cap. v. semirufus 
PCardiocondyla stambulovi 



alienus 
L. alien, v. lasioidos 

*Myrniecocystus aenescens 

*M. tancrei 

*M. desertorum 

*M. setipes v. turkomanicus 

*M. altisquamis 

*M. altisquam. v. jakobsoni 

*M. foreli 

*M. albicans 

*Camponotus turkestanicus 

*C. xerxes 
Solenopsis orientalis 



Ha r^HHHCTOfi oyCTHHi raKHje ncxpiqaiOTCa H-BKOTOpue 
, cBoficTBCHHHe KaMeHHCTofl ciena, eanpaM. J'roformica 
nasuta, Koxoparo a aanie.^' KT> OKpecTHOCTax^ Capeiiru 

^OBOJLHO 60JIBUJOMI KO-lHieCTBt. Ha YHaCTKli 

nopocmewi itycraMH TautapHBca. 

fayaa necnanou nycmunu Kb cpaBueaia ci TJIHHHCTOM 
rcpas^o 6ojibiii0Mi paaaoodpaaieMi, ITO 
CB33H c% fioJi'fee 6oraToH pacTHieabHocTtK), 
. Oaa HM-fcerB ae najio Becbwa xapaKiepatix^ 



93 



KT, TaKHMt <J>op&ia\n> 

Myrmecocystus pallid us Tetramorium caespitum v. 
M. altisquamis v. jacobsoni meridionale 

Camponotus marginatus Leptothorax satunini 

ruzskii Cardiocondyla elegans v. 
C. turkestanus uljanini 

Formica clara C. bogdanovi 

F. rufibarbis v. subpilosa Monomorium salomonis 

F. cinerea v. imitans Mon. gracillimum 

Cremastogaster subdentata Mon. barbatulum 

S ilenopsis deserticola Pheidole pallidula v. are- 
Mjrmica rugosa v. kirgisica narum 

M. bergi v. barchanica Solenopsis deserticola 



8TBX'i> <{>opMT> CBoftcTBeHHH IIOABIIJKHIJX'B 6apxaa- 
HHMT> necitaMT. (eanp. Myrmec. pallidus, Monomor. barbatulum), 
jipyria npejinoiHTaKm, necsa ynjoTHeHHtie, yate ORpljuraie 
(nanp. KaMnoHOiycu, Form, dara, Myrmica bergiva.r.barchanica r 
Cardiocondyla ip.). Csepxi TOFO BT> oCjiacTt necKOBi saxo- 
flaT r t ii ^a/Ke uoceJiarotca xaMi: Myrmec. aenescens, M. tancrei, 
M. albicans, M. desertorum, Mcssor structor, mertdionalis H 
jp., Campon. turkc stanicus, Lasius alienus, Tetramor. semi- 
laeve v. schmidti. 

KpOM-6 TOFO o6iaci0 nyciuab eme npHHaAJteKaii.: Tetra- 
morium schneideri, T. striativente, T. rcticuliventre, Messor 
capitatus v. sorokini, Cr. subdentata v. flavicapilla, Camp. 
fedtschenkoi, C. dichrous v. ferganensis, IschnomyrmesorliapM- 
diiceps, HO xapaKiepi HXX M^CTOoSaTaHia Hani BI TOIHOCTH 
ociaeTca noKa He BSBicTHEiMfc. 

EajueHucmaH nycmbtna HM^eri. at odmcMi TOivffie xapaK- 
Tepi Bast H KaneHHCTaa cienb; ona ofija.niaeT'B TOJIBKO 
Soraiofl H paanooCpasHoB $ayHofl, BI cocTasi KOiopoa 
nonpeauymecTBy wataiia (|>opMti. OT^i^aTi. ee ptsKO on Eaue- 
Ciena He-iBsa; MOffieTi-6HTi> aaate npasHJibaie CHJIO 6n 
HXI. Memsy ABywa BTHMH CTan,iaMH cymeciByeT-B i^i- 
nocTeneHHHXi> nepexo^OBi. KaueaECTaa cteafc no- 



94 



cn flBHJKema KB lory, qi-o ocolenao xopooio aaMtino na 
'h nepHoaena H nmancTofl nycrbiBH, npHHHMaeri. see Oojiie 
H Co.iie nycTHHHufi xaparrepi, npHqenn. taKia 6o.ite ciBepaiaa 
<j)0pnu ea, Ka^ Form, rufibarbis, Lasius umbratus, Myrmica 
scabrinodis, lobicornis, Form, sanfliitnea, Form, pratensis H 
Ap. nocreneaHO Hcqeaaioxi., CMtujiacb Oo.a'fce KUKHIJMH (aanpHM. 
Tetramor. inerme, Proform. tiasuta, Lcptotli. semenovi, Mes- 
sor strudor, Campon, lateralis a up.), na ITO a yate 
(CM. cxp. 82). Boo(>ine (popwu MypaBies^ uaueHncToH 
sasi H pacTHie-ibiiocTb ca, 6o.ite ccocoSpasHia H x 
MHOHH HST. HHXI ea jipyrax'i> M'fecraxB oSHrania Boece ae 
Bcrptiaioica. 

KaiienncToS IIVCTUDH, ayiKHO 



H3T, 

oOpasojn. vKasaib 

? Camponotns interjectus 

Lasius alienus 

L. alien, v. lasioides 

Formica clara 

Proformica nasuta 
?Pr. aberrans 

Myrmecocystus albicans 

M. aenescens 

Acantbolepis frauenfeldii 

Plagiolepis pygmaea 

Tapinoma nigerrimum 
? Cremastogaster lacstrygon 

Cr. sordidula 
? Solenopsis deserticola 

Tetramorium caespitum v. 
jneridionale 

T. caesp. v. punicum 



?T. cacsp v. reticuliventre 

T. semilaeve 

T. inerme 
?T. striativi-ntre 
? T. schneideri 

Leptothorax semenovi 

Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa 

Messor structor 

M. barbarus 

M. capitatus 

Cardiocondyla elegans 
?Monomorium venustum 

Pheidole pallidula 

Ph. megacephala 

Myrmica stangeana 
? Ischnomyrmex rhaphidiiceps 



, Koropua noKa upe^no.io/KineJibao saneceau BT> 
CHHCOKI, OTMiqeHU SHaKOMt (?). Cpe^H nepeiHCjeHHHxi 
MHoria 6es^ conniiHiH saxo^ari BT> r.i0HHCTyio nyciHHio H 



95 



BT> neciaaayK); a-BKOTOptia BcrptiaiOTca H cisepHie, aa KaMeaa- 
CTOH cxena Baa aa .ipyraxt MtctoHaxoK^eaisixi (aaap. Lasius 



alienus) . 



He jieaie csoeodpasHofi (j>ayHoa sacejieHU H rppatia cipaHtr, 

HMCHHO BT> BXT> BepXBBXT. HaHfio.dje BHCOKBX'B o6JlaCTaX^. He 

CMOTPH aa Kpaftaee paanooOpaaie BI 6ioJiorHiecKOM% 
pa3wIH'^HHX^ paSoROBt ropi>, ue cmoTpsi Ha TO, ^ro B^ 
ropHoS nfi.iiacTa MH BctptiaeM^ pasaae noaca 

ci qepaoseMHofi ciena y 0x^ noanomia H #0 
na Bepmaaaxi, aaH(5oJi r fee xapaKiepHHMH H 
HUMB B'f> ropaxt 4>ay HaMH aB.iaioTca TO.U.KO SBi: ajtwiticKdH H 
lOpHO-cmennan. OepBaa aaceaaeT^ caiiufi BepxaiS noac% ropi, 
xani, oi npeKpamaerca ^peeecaaa pacTHTCjibHocTB H npocrapa- 
mea pacKoinaue BucoEoropaue Jiyra cpe^a Mopea^ H 
CKajjx y rpaaan,u JiejtHHKOB^, 

AjbiiiScKifl noacT> orpaaaqeai caasy noiocoS 
cocToam,ax^ HJH aai depesa, ci npawBCbio jipyraxx 
Hui% nopo,ii (aanp. cy6a.ii>niScKaro KJieaa, pa60HH, ocaati 
a ip.) BJIH B3i COCHH. Jiyra 9ioro noaca noKpirra pasaooS- 
pasBHMH rycto pacxymaMa TpasaMH ct KpacaBUMM n,B'BTaMB, 
cpejia KOxopaxT. nonajiaioTca sapocjH ropanix^ KycTapaaKOBT, 



$ayaa ropHO-cTenaaa pasBata aa 

a cMOHaxi 6ojte a.aa Meaie BHCOKBX% ropi a 
, ci^JOBBHaxx, no Kpaaiit ymejifi a SOIHH'B (o6uKH. 
aa BHC. 3000 6000 $.). PacxaTejtHocTb STHXI M^CTHOCTefi 
aa KaweHBCTOMt cyficrpaii, TpaBaaacTaa a KyctapHRKOBaa, HOCKTB 
aa cefit nyCTHHao-cienaoB oTaeqaxoEx. 06i> STH (ftayan, HOMBMO 
cnei^ia.'iBHux'B, BMT> TOJIBKO cBoacTBeHHiixi (JtopMi, Bviiorb BI 
CBoeMi cocxaBi eo;e B xasie BBAH, no spaaaefi Mipt BBI My- 
paBteBt, Koropue pacnpocTpaneaiJ AajeKo aa npeAtJi 
ropauxx ofoacTeft a JKHBYTI Ha paBHHH'B, HO yxe aa 

o6a'iaaia. HHatenpajroJEeaaua CHBCKH aoacHfliOTi axo. 



96 



HaropHuxx CTeneB cocxaBJiaion. 



Lasius exacutus 

L. alienus 

L. niger 

L. emeryi 

L. brunneus 

L. flavus 

L. myops 

Formica gagates 

F. sanguinea 

F. transcaucasica 

F. uralensis 

F. ruflbarbis 

F. clara 

F. clara v. caucasica 

F. cinerea 

F. cin. v. armenica 

F. cin. v. imitans 

F. pratensis 

F. pressilabris 

Proformica nasuta 
?Pr. aberrans 

Camponotus lateralis v. atri- 

color 
? C. fedtschenkoi 

C. saxattlis 

C. buddhae 



C. tichomirovi 
? C. interjectus 

0. aethiops v. glaber 

Myrmecocystus aenescens 

M. tancrei 

M. setipes 

M. bicolor 

Cremastogaster sordidula 

Cr. bogojawlenskii 

Solenopsis orbula v. latroides 

Tetramorium caespitura 

T. caesp. v. splendens 
? T. schneideri 

Myrmica lobicornis 
?M. rugulosa 

M. scabrinodis 

M. kevinodis v. minuta 

Temnothorax rogeri 

Bothriomyrmex meridionalis 

Pheidole pallidula 

Messor structor 

M. aegyptiacus v. incorruptus 

M. caducus 

Aphaenogaster testaceo-pilosa 

Cardiocondyla bogdanovi 

C. elegans 



axoro cnacKa BH^HO, ITO ^ayaa HaropnoM ciean, 
a yffie 06% STOMX ynoMHHajn>, HMieii MHOFO ofin^HXi (jjopmt c% 

KaMCHBCTOfi H ^epH036MHOff CT6HLIO, paBHO KaKl H CT> 

HO y Hc3 HiitroTca H cnen;iajii>HUfl ^opMti, npa^aiomia eM 
rafiHTycx H Bai ropHtixi o6jiacTefi OHCEH^HO HC Bcrpiiaiomiaca; 
sort noqeiiy ropeo-CTenHaa o6jacTfc H ^ojiacaa CHTB 
KaE'b caMOCToaxejitHaa CTan;ia. Ki cosKaaiHito He 

9TH THHHHHEia TOpHO-CTenHBia (JopMH flOCTaTOHHO KOHCTaTBpO- 



97 



BaHtJ. I'jiaBHKIM'I. o6paSOM7> OH'h H3B$CTHH C"B IlaMBpa H Cl> 

KaBKasa. Ha IlaMHpi. (fijiaroaapa cCopasn, H. B. B o r o a B a e H- 
c K a r o) Hans. crajia HSB'ECTHH Taida HecouaimHO TmiHHHHa jua 
Tog MicTHOCTH <|)opMH, BART, Camponotus tichomirovi, Crema- 
stogaster sordid, boyojawlenskii, Lasius emeryi H Myrmica 
laevinodis var. minuta. Ha KaBKaat Haropaaa CTCHB OCO^CHHO 
xopomo pasBHTa BT. ^arectaHi, st, SaKaBKasbi, BX ApMeaiH. 
Taiui oCaraioT^: Form, cinerea armenica, Form, clara \. 
caucaaic&, Messor caducus, M. aegyptiacus v. incorruptus, 
Form, pressilabris, Myrmecocystus bicolor B H. ^p., 6ojibmaa 
lacib KOHXI GHJIH TaMi Hafl^eHtr K. A. C a -r y H H H H M i. 

AojiateHt saMiTHTb, HTO MHoria <Jiopim noM'bin.eHH MHOIO 
BX CHHCOKX nosa npoBHSOpno no HejociaTKy 
iH MoateTx 6nTb OH^ OKaatyTca 

flpyraxt CTan,ifi, nanp. ua nycTHHH HJIH 



He noAJiejKHTi coMHieiK), HTO 4> a y H a MypaBtesi Haropnofi 
cxenH aaH^oji'te poACTBeHaa ex 4*^^ KaMeHHOToft 

H KaMCUHCTOfi CTeilH. BtpOflTHO, DOCJI^ TOFO, KaK 

Syflyrt AOCTaro^ao no.iHiia ascjii^oBaHia, npa^eica coe#0HHTb 
aia 4>ayHu BI O.SHO A'fcjioe, Bi) KOTOpOMi neHTpajhHoe HOJO- 
jo.iaiHa Sy^eTi saaaTb ropHO-CTeimaa ^ayaa. 

o6jiacxH rop-B, 



Lasius flavus (a v. flavoides) *Leptothorax alpinus 
*L. myops Mychothorax acervorum 

?L. exacutus *Myrmica rubida 

L. alienus *M. dshungarica 
Formica pressilabris M. ruginodis 

F. execta v. rubens M. laevinodis 

F. fusca M. rugulosa 

F. gagates M. scabrinodis 

F. transcaucasica *M. sraythiesi 
F. rufibarbis M. lobicornis 

PMyrmecocystus aenescens *M. sulcinodis 

Tetramorium caespitum *Aphaenogaster obsidiana 

7 



98 



lacxB MypaBheBt 3ioro cuacsa OTMHiarotca ma- 
pacnpocTpaaeHieMi H pasaoxapasTepHocTBio 
TOJIBKO OTMiieHHue BB-BSKOIEOB Moryrt 
j'feacTBHTCJibHo xapaExepHBiMB njiz ajibirificKaro noaca 
rop% a noxoMy aciUKmTejiBHO KI HCMy iipiypoieHHHJta, xoxa 
H ajdiCB naa HtKO'ropuxx BcetaKM npwrca c^ija 
(eanp. Mynn. sulcinodis, Myrm. rubida, Las. myops, 
Sopaxi,). 

HOJIHHM M KyjifeTypHMH MtCTHOCTH. 

BHmeH3.io3KeHHOMT, MH pa3o6pain rpynnapOBKy uy- 
no nanCio.iiie KpynauMi., xapaKiepauMi c r tan,iaM'>, Kaso- 
BHMH aBjaioTca: itci, cienb, nycxHaa a BticoKia oSjacxa ropx. 
QOJIHOTH 9Toro pascMoip'Saia MU ^OJatHii eu;e csasaib o 

doaunaxz H Kyjii>mypw>ixl MtbcmHocmxxn. 
Pn>HHun doAUHbi ne aMtroTt TaEoro oupe.n'B.ieBHaro Tana, 
Jiici. BJIB CTCHB, a6o BX ax* npeA'Sjiax'b BcxpijiaiOTcs a 
H ayroBHa, TpaBSHHCTtia npocTpancTBa a necsa, aepi^KO 
nopocuiie COCHOBHMH Sopasiir. Jlica BX piqanxi ^ojEaaaxi pa- 
CTJTI na rpasaxt BIB ET, HHBMCHHax'B Mic'raocTaxi BI BB^^ 
2/^e,M3 a Haceaeati HCK.iioiHTe.iBHO JitcHBiMa ^opuaMa, HO TOJIBBO 
BI MeabraeMi) KoaaiecTBt, lin* Bt jricax'B Ha nepeBajaxi. Bi 
TaKBXi ypeiiaxx 9pe3BBiMaaao o6BiBHOB6HeHi a ofiajieHi Lasius 
niger, acBBymifi a B^ naaxi a BT> xoaMHKax^. Sarisii BeCBiia 
Hep^^Ba Formica exsecta, Form, fusca, Las. fuliginosus, 
Myrmica laevinodis a ruginodis. Ha TpaBaaacTBixx Jiyraxi 
MOSHO CKasaiL napaTi despasaijiBHO Las. flavus a Las. niger 

3% CBOHXT. HeHSMiHHBIXI, XDJIMBEaXT.. Kl HBM1. HaCTO UpB- 

coe^BHaioTca: Tetram. caespitum, HHor^a na rori BM^CT* ex 
Strong, christoplii, piace F. rufibarbis, Myrm. ruginodis, M. 
scabrinodis, Las. alienus, Las. mixtus, wate Form, fusca a 
F. sanguinea. Jl,Jia necKOBi, O^BIHHU Form, cinerea (typ. a 
imitans) a Myrmica rugulosa. Hocji^aaa OHCHB ofiHEHOBCHHa 
BX ^oaaH* cpeaaaro TCHema BOJIFH, r^4 oaa noceaaeTca He 
TOJBSO Ha uecKaxx, HO H na HjiOBaTbix^ jiyraxx. 



99 

Lasius niger aa CBiptixi HOPIM BBIX-B xpaBflBacxBixi Jiyrax* 
(ocotfeaHo Be6oJIB^IBX^, saKi Csiara, B. ^epemnaHs, 
Mema, ^Sita a #p.) aepiflso BoaflBaraexi pnxjiue, BBjcosie, sen- 
jjaaBie XOJIMBBB, noAaapaeuBie oxed-jaMB H ^scxtana xpasi, 6.iaro- 
jtapa KoiopHMi OHH TOJIBKO H yflCpacHBaiOTCfl OT% paspyineHia. 

IIoeTpo8EH 9TH OjIHaKO Bl UCpBOe BpeMfl CTOJB H^XHEI H H6- 

ITO fl&jse npn c-iafioMi) TOJIHK'B Jierso pacna^aiOTca. 

JH OHH OCt^aiOTl H CTaHOBSTCfl dOJI^e HJIOTHtlME. 

me nocxpofisa uosBOjaTCfl BTHUI MypaBbem OCHKHOBCHHO 
n nocjii CHJbH&iX'B, npoJHBHuxx AOK^efi. HenpoiHOCTb H jersaa 
paspyiiiaeMOCTb taKHxi rHisAt nepHoSyparo Jiasiyca 
ero ^acio M^HSTB HXI H Bos^BHraxb HOBBIH, KOTopna 

yix-ate no6ji030CTH. Lasius flaws TaBuxi psix- 
, HenpoiHuxx H Cncxpo coQpyaeMHXi rais^i ae 
ro pafioTH Beayica Me^Jieaaia a npo^Hia. Haor^a, BT, 

cayqaaxi, xaKie ate aenpoiaHC, ao XOJIBKO OHCBB ae- 
^pOBB XOJIMHKH ycxpaaeaiOT'B a B'SKOxopBia MHPMH- 
H (Myrm. rugulosa, M. laevinodis). 

Ho^x xepMBBOMii n KyjtbmypHafi MncmHOcmi," a nojpasy- 
M'BBaio M'tcxa nocejieaia HejiostKa ci npn.ie^amHMH BI HHMI 
nojiaiiH, oropo^aMB, ca^ama, napKana a yca^B<5aMH. Ha xaitaxt 
Micxax-B BO 1-xi) ocxaroxca B-fesoxopue aai npeasaaxi 
adopnreHOBi, cxpaaBi, npacaocoo'jraionueca KI, HOBBIMI 
BO 2-xi.) nocejfliOTca BOBUB KOJOBHCXH, npaxo^an^ie BM^CT-B ct 
qeioBtKOMi a nacxo coBepraeaao BBixicaaromie afiopareaoB'B. 
Bcxptiaioxca a^ict a npumeiBijH HBI ox^aoteHHBixi CTpaat, 
cjiyqafiao qejOBiKOin., noceiaBraieca BI ero 

ero aaxpeSexaaKaMa. BHRBI axopofl Baieropia 
xapaRxepauB npHM^px anoBBanecBaro pacnpocxpa- 
neHia. 



Boo6in.e (J>opMT> ; CBoBcrBeaBtixt EyjiBxypBBiHi MicxnocxaMi., 
ocodeHHO MHOFO, Kaa% axo BB#BO HSI cai^yromaro 

Formica fusca F. cinerea 

F. rufa Lasius flavus 

F. rufibarbis L. umbratus 



100 



L. niger 
L. alienus 
L. brunneus 
L. emarginatus 
Camponotus ruzskii 
G. fedtschenkoi 
C. turkestanicus 
Tapinoma nigerrimura 
Prenolepis vividula 
Plagiolepis pygmaea 
Solenopsis orientalis v. 

lim'nsis 
Tetrainorium caespituin 



kasa- 



T. caesp. v. reticuliventre 
Cremastogaster subdentata 
Creni. subd. v. tlavicapilla. 
Monomoriuni pharaonis 
?Stenamma asiaticum 
Aphaenogaster gibbosa v. 

muschtaidica 
Messor structor 
M. barbarus 
Myrmica laevinodis 
M. ruginodis 
M. scabrinodis 
Cardiocondyla elegans 



naxi. Monomor. pharaonis jKHsei'i HCK.noiaTeJbHO BT> 
. PrenoL vividula BI Temim;axT>. Saxim. floaojibHO ofiuK- 
TaBrse BI nocTpofiuaxx nejOBina H OKOJIO HHXX: La- 
sins niger (BI ropo^axi Espon. Poccia), Las. brunneus J ) 
(3aKaBKa3be), Las. emarginatus (Toate), Las. alienus (aa 
lori Pocciaj, Tetram. caespitum (noBCio^y), Tetr. caesp. v_ 
reticuliventre, Solenops. orient, v. kasalinensis Cremast^ 
subdentata (BC^ ipn BT. TypKecTaetj, Tapinoma nigerri 
mum H Cremast. subd. v. flavicapilla (BT> 3aKacnificK. 
Camp, ruzskii (YpajbCK. o6ji.). HtKOiopue HSI 

jit^ya Bcroay sa HeaoBiKOMi, CfliuajiHCb QOITH KOCMO- 
(Mon. pharaonis, Prenol. vividula). 

HaillHXb M-BCTHHXt MypaBBBBl OCOSCHHO qaCTHMI. Bt 

^ cpe^Hefi H BOCTOIBOB Espon. Poccia 



') llpo Lasius brunneus K. A. C a T y H H H i MHt iiHcajii, ITO BO 
ero jipeCfHBauia B-B JleuEOpauu MypiBBH BTH eBa ero caworo lie 
KorA oui Jie"*aa% 60.1111011 m OAHOM')> soui, TO >UOCTCJH ero npeB|iaTBJiacv 

IIOJOXIITe.liHO B7. MV])aBeflHHKT.. HtlTO Bt 9TOMI pOJli HCaHTajIl H fl 01* 

Lasius alienus, Kor.ua nut npHmjiocB Ho^eBaiB B^ caot o^Horo HS* 
JlarecraHa. 



101 

au.iaeTca Tejiaoo'ypHft' .lasiyct (Lasius niger); OHT, nocejiaercs 
ae TO.II.EO HI neajajnaxT, CTpoeaiaxs (6aa0, awCapu, capaa, jie- 
n np.), no a BI ,ioMaxi>, npaiewx 031 noc.TBjtHax-b BTJ- 
xasie, Bt Koropuxt airfeioTca CK.ia.ia caxap0CTHX't HJIH 
BemecTBi,. BMCHHO oYaoiBbia, neKapan, racrpOHO- 
MarasHHu, MCJOSHHH jiasEH H np. OcodieHitaro Bpe^a, 
BnpoieMi, qejoBtsy OHT> He npHHOCHTi; I"BM% 6oa'Be, HTO oet 

HC OrpaHHHHBaeTCa OfiuKHOBCHHO JKHSHBH) HCEJHOHHTeJI!>HO Bt 

ao&iaxx, no Hiiteri. H BHXOJH napyaty, noc-femaa cajH, 
oropoiu, n.B'BTaHKH H np.; TOJIBKO na nieJibeaKaxi. oux 
CTBHTC.III.HO HHorjja MojK6T% 6HT& HenpiaieHx. 

Hep-BflOEt raKse iitcTaMH BI CTpoeaiaxt a flOMaxx cpeji- 
eeH BocroiHofl Poccin Tetramorium caespitum. 

ET> ropo^axi na 'rpoiyapaxi, Ha yji0n,axi, OKOJIO 4>yH- 
jaMeaTOB^ JOMOBI H Bi> o6ni,ecTBeHHUx% ca^axi, EpoM^ Lasius 
niger H Tetram. caespitum, MOJKHO qacro BC'rp'fcT0Tb Formica 
rufibarbis D Las. alienus', piate Myrmica scabrinodis. Formica 
cinerea, Lasius umbratus brunneus. Ha ror-fe, B^ 3aEaBsasb0, 
Kt HHMI, np0coe^0naiOTCH Pheidole pallidula, Messor structor 
H Cardiocondyla elegans. JI^Byxx nepeuxi a nep 

Hayjaaaxi. r. Ta^jiHca, a nocai^Baa 6uja 
B^ ropojiCKOMi, napsi MymTaHyfc (OEO-IO 
CTaHn,ia) '). IlepeiBCjeHHUMH (JopuaMH, 
HeorpaHHiHBaeTCa KOHTHHrenrt BC'fixi T^X-B MypaateBi, EOTOPHXI, 

MOJKHO BCTp'BTHTb K% KaEOfi-J06o AaHHOfi KyjBTypHOfi M'BCTHOCTH; 

BCC ajii'BCb 3aB0CHT% OTL Toro, BI> EaK0XT> ycJiOBiaxi aaxo^HTca 
aia MtcxHOCTb H B-B KaKoa cTeneH0 aapyuieai qejioB'ssoMi H 

HeJf nepBo6biTHH0 xapaEiepi. 
saaiiiTHTb, <no yc^OBia KHSHH iiypaBbeBi BI 



Cordiocond. elegans Ciraaa BI Oo.iEinoin, Kajiuqet'TB't no necqairuMi 

AOpXEa>l% UB*TUHKa H H TpOTyapaXl, HO FA* HMeHHO PBtSAHJiaCi, Slllt He 

yiajoot OTHCKaTi. TyTi-xe BMtcit CT, neft naxoj.H.iHci. H Pheidole pallidnla 
Lasius alienng, rHtaflBBmieca BI TpeniHHaxi saaueft TpoTyaposi. Bi Ooia- 
HK<tt>cEou% ca^,y TH(}).iHca, spout BumeysaaaHHiixi MypaBieei a 
Mynnecoc. viaticus desertorum a 3f. carsor 



102 



ItijCXBOCXaxi. B XT, HenOCpejCXBeHHOMt COC'fc.ICXB'fc CT> 

npe.icxaB.iatox'B Hecoita-feHHufi aHxepeci, HO BO MHOPHXI ox 
Houieaiflxi OCTRIOTCH coeepmeHHo ae 



Odsopi uzpueKOAorziecKofl $aynn Pocciz no 



Ho xapauxepy MBpaeKOJiorHHecKoft <|)ayHH xeppaxopia Poc- 
cia Moatex^ CUXB pas^iaeHa aa cai^yK)iii,ie naiB 
EBponeHcKan Poccia, KptiMi, KasKasx, CnSHpb H 

EBponeicuafl Poccifl. BT, npe^^Jiaxi EeponeticKoil Pocciu 
aaSieHO JIG cnxt no pi OKoao 1 05 (Jtopni HypasteBi. BoiBmaa 
?acxi> 03i HHXX, HMCHHO CBBirae 60, BCxpiiHaeTca Tasate H BT> 
3anajHo8 Espon-fe, noieMy H uapMeKo^ayHa Espon. Poccia HO- 
CHX^ aa cedi no npeHMymecxsy eBponefiCKifi xapasxepi. KpoM* 
Toro BI cocxaB-i pascMaxpaBaeMofl MHpueKO$ayHU HMiroxca em.e 
^OPMBI cu6upCKifi H cneyiaMHbiH. KojiHHecxBO esponeacKHXi (fopni. 
cocxaBJiaexi OK. 58/ , OHfiapcKHXi OK. 6,5/ a 
13/ - SaxliMi. HyacBO yKasaxb eme Ha npacyxcTBie B-B 

(JiayHi Esp. Poccia HtKOxoparo KO-iaiecxBa 
cpeflHeasiaxcKHX'B, KaKi HanpaM. Myrmec. foreli, Car- 
diocond. elegans var. uljanini, C. stambulovi var. kosheccnikovi 
H H. #p., HO oni XHByxi aa caiiott roro-BOCTOHHOft OBpaHH'b 
Esp. Poccia a KCGH^JIO npaaaAJieJKaxi. Typaay. 

<fropMaMH cnem'aabHHMH a noKa aasHBaro TaKHXi, Koxopua 

HaajtCHBI dlJJIH HCKJIOHHxeJIBHO BT> Efip. PoCCJB, CWH-ate 
TOpUfl H31 HHX-B H H^yTX 3a DpeA'fejIU 63, TO BO BCflKOMT> 

OICHB He^aaeKO. K-B STHMI $opMa.M% apHHaj-ieataxi 



Formica rufa v. meridionalis Camponotus marginatus ka- 
F. pressilabris v. rufoma- mensis 

culata C. hercul. v. shitkovi 

F. fusca v. gagatoides Leptothorax melnikovi 



103 

L. tub. kirillovi Messor tatarieus 

L. nass. volgensis M. structor v. clivorum 

Mychothorax muse, flavescens Tetramorium caespitum v. 

M. acervorum var. superus ferox 

Myrmica scabr. bessarabica 



aiduoTca <j>opMH, KOTOpaa aafijieBH B;B BOCTOIHOS 
Esp. Poccia a B% npiuiejKamHXT, KI sea lacTaxi, Asia, East 
aaupaii. Strongylogn. christophi, Myrmica sulcinodis v. nig- 
ripes. Ceepxt TOFO HecoMHimBO tasate a H^KOTOPHS H3-B npn- 
BeAeHHiixi 8% cuHCK-b (j)opMi> coBpeMeHCMi HaH^yTca BX Asia, 
a Form. ruf& v. meridionalis yjse HSBtcTeHX HSI 



asiaTCKHMH t[)opMaMn BX 4>a-yHi Esp. Poccin 
HB.iaiOTCa: 

Caraponotus p. saxatilis F. clara 

Formica uralensis Leptothorax stipaceus 

F. rufib. T. glauca L. nassonovi 

OH-B npHHa^JieKaTi no npeHMym,ecTBy ofiaacTH Ypaaa H 
Eep. Poccia, r^i pacnpocTpaaeHH cnopa^H^ecKH. 

TBie aaiaTCKO-CHfiapcKHXt ^opjii B-B Espon. Poc- 
CJH yKastiBaera aa TO, HTO ea HapMeBo^ayaa, coxpaaaa Bt 06- 
maxi qepraxi eBponeacEifi xapaBiepi, BI Toace speua aa BO- 
CTOB* ae p^SBO OTrpaHBHaeaeTca OT-B Asia. Kt Tony-ate ayasao 
npaaaib BO BHBMaaie H TO ofiCToaxejibCTBO, HTO aaaqHTeJitHoe 
KOjH^ecTBo 4>opMi iiypasbCBx, ofimHxi. Espon. Pocciii a EBponi, 
pacnpocTpaaeau Tasae a B'B CH6apa. 

Ha ocaoBaaia TWO, ^TO Hawt Tenepb HSB^CTBO o pacnpe- 
AiJieHiB MypasBeBt st Esp. Poccia, npeACTasaaeTca BOSMOJK- 
HOCTB BI. npejtjiax'B ea BH^iaaTt HJIB, TOia'se csasaiB, nosa 
c.itjyiomie 6 pafioHOBt HJB ospyrost: 
, IOKHUH, n,eaTpaJii>HO-BocTOHHHH, $BHaaa^iio B 
Cn,eepnmt pafioa^, saaaTHft OOJIOCOB Tyajp^, SOJIOTX H 
, ot^BiacTca Kpaflae Si^Hofi a osHOofipasHofi 



104 

yaoa. ^aa Hero MOJKHO ciaxaxb xapaKxepnbraa Camp. here. v. 
shitkovi, Form, fusca v. gagatoides, Mychofh. acervorum, JKH- 
Bymax'B aa oKpaaai; xa0rn xyHflpu. Ho scefl xafirb pacnpo- 
cxpaaeabi H oSn-UbHU Bi aefl: Formica rufa, F. fusca, Camp. 
herculeanus. Myrm. laevinodi* H M. ruginodis. Ho e^Ba-JH 
3TBxi MypaBseBi TaiSra upasejia ex co6ofl 031 C06npH; OHH 
no Bce8 utpoflreocTH panbine ea JKH.IH BX jpeeHHXi Epyrono- 
ji'Bcaxi.. a CT> np0xojoM7> rafirn CBO^OJIHO yaiHBajiHCB 
neu. K)mHaa rpaaaaa aioro pafioea npoxo^Hti npts6jia- 
nepeai ctBepayio nacTb HepacKofi ry6., BatCKyio, 
lacxa KasaacKOfi H HaateropoacKoB, sarkM-b 
no TuqeHiro Bo^ra. ^exajbHO aia rpaHHua BI 
OTHomeaia em,e He Moacexi 6ux. ycTaHOBjeea. 

.'ianadmiti pafioHi oxBaxuBaeTi rjiaBHUM^ ofipasoMi, IIpH- 
BHCJiHHCKift KpaB H npiuieacainia K% neMy ry6epHia ct> BOJHH- 

CKOB KieBCKOS BEJIOMHTCJIbHO, OrpaHHIHBaSCb Ha BOCTOK* 

npBOJi03aTeJibHO TeieHiewL ^einpa. OHI. xapaKxepaayeTca .i r B- 
caaia sana^ao-eBponeacKaro xana, HacejieHHHMH xaKHMH 4>opMa- 
MB, KaKij Temnothorax recedens, Ponera coarctata, Lasius 
emarginatus, Myrmecina graminicola, Stenamma westwoodi, 
Dolichod. quadripunctatus, Camp, marr/inatus, asx KoiopHXi 
ojat BOcxoiH'ie, B% i;eHxpajibHyK) Esp. Pocciro, ne aiyxt, apyria' 
Bcxpiiawxcs xaMi> pt^Ko. Ho OHis pacnpocxpaaeHti B-b 

nojiocti aa KaBKasi. HiKOTOpua, BnpoieMi, 
BI Ca6apb B% Typnecxaai, HO BO BcaKOM-b cjiyiat 3a- 
na^aoe 0xx npoacxoK^eaie aecowHtHHO. 

lOwubtu pafioa^ Esp. Poccia npeicTaBJiaex% co6oro noaocy 
cxena, rjiaBHbiMx ofipasoMi lepaoseMHofi, H IOKHHXI cxenauxTi 
JiicoBi. MapMeKO^ayna ero THIIHIHO cxenHaa. Oco6eHHO xapaK- 
xepabiMB jja axoro pafioaa, MH^ Kaatexca, ayasao up08naxb 
Myrmecocystus cursor caspius (aenescens) H Myrmica scabri- 
nodis bessarabica. Saxiati xasate necoMH'BHHO 03BicTHH0 OT- 
xiHOK'b ero MapiieKOJorHiecKofi (|)aya r fe apa^aiOTi: Messor stru- 
ctor (var. muticus), Camponotus lateralis (var. atricolor, me- 
rula), Camp, vagus, Myrm. lobicornis \. deplanata, Polyergus 
rufescens, Fro/ormica nasuta, Form, cinerea v. imitans. Mo- 



105 

6uTb Hafl^yrca erne H jtpyria <popMH nocjis 6o4te noj- 
pofiauxi HSCJi'BflOBaHifi. JI,Jta JitcoBi axoro ospyra xapasTepHu: 
Form, rufa \. meridianalis, Liomctopum microcephalum, My- 
choth. muscorum v. fagi. 

ovHbtu pafloHTb saEJuonaeTi BI ce(5fc n,eHT- 
H BOCTOB* Esp. Poccia ^o Ypaaa. 3io oOjiacxB 
(no npeHMy m,ecTBy AyfioBuxi) .atcoBi, H 
COCHOBUXI dopoBi. Ha wri OHX saeaTi ^epaoseMHoS CTeabw, 
nepeMeatawmeHca ci ocxpOBaMH jiicoBi, H aeaaMiiHO nepexo- 
^HTT> BI rojRHufi pafioHi. ^ja ^y^OBuxx JiicoBi xapaKTepHU 
Leptoth. melnikovi, Camp, maryintitus kamensis, Lasius fuli- 
yinosus H ap. Bopu HMiiOT-B CBOIO ocoSyro, caei^iajbHyio (})ayHy, 
o Koropofi MU yjKe rosopHJB. KaMeHHCTaa CTCHB sjici., oco- 
SGHHO Ha BOCTOK^ Eop. Poccin, pasBara CH.IBHO B HM4eTi> Ta- 
KHXI^ xapaKTepHHxt npe^CTaBHTejiea, KaK'fc Messor tataricus, 
M. structor v. clivorum, Tetr. caespitum v. ferox, Solenopsis 
fugax orientalis, Plagiolepis pygmaea, Las. umbratus exacutus. 
TOTO CBoeo6pa3Hu8 ra60Tyc't MapMeKO^ayfli HasBaaaaro 
npBflatOTi Lasius carniolicus, Strongylogn. christophi, 
Leptoth. tub. kirillovi, L. nass. volgensis, Camp. marg. ruzskii, 
Polyergus rufescens H T'B CBSnpCKia (j)opMH, KOTOpua 6u.3H 
yaasaHH panhine. 9r0 noc^tflHia BJiicTi c% ipyrFMH npewTa- 
BHTejaMH cafinpcKOfi (jjayHu (HSI nTHn,i Hanp. Emberiza au- 
reola, Sturnus menzbieri, Milvus melanotis) noCTeneHHO JIBH- 
raioxca aa aana^i. Boo6m,e npo <J>ayay n,eHTpajibHO-BOCTOHHaro 
paaoaa Eflp. Poccia Hyatao CKasaiB, HTO oaa Hocarfc ua ce6$ 

Asia: eBponeacBO-cafiapcKia (jtopMH 
H ofiHKBOBeHHH, 3anaffBtia-ate pi^KH HJIH 
He roBOpa yate apo npncyTCTBie ivfe-iiaro pa^a ^HCTO 
4>opMi.. Ort raflrH QTOIT, paaoe'B oco6eHHO M'tcTaM 

ea (nocpe^ciBOM'b nopyfioKi H noatapOBi) H 
B% ctsepy <j)OpM r t jiHCTBeaHux^ J'BCOB'B H oiqacTH 
cxenefi, OTJiHHaexca He pisso. 

xapaBTepnsyeTca SOBOJIHO CBoeo6pa3Hofi MBpue- 
4>ayHoa, HMiioiuefl rfccnoe cooTBoraeaie C"B 
niBen;in H HopBeria. HecMorpa aa cnoe ciBepaoe 



106 



9ia cxpana rpaanxa H COCHH HM'teii. cpe#0 npeflCTaBHxe,iefi 

CBOefi MHpMCKO^ayHH SHaiHXeJIBHOe KOflHieCXBO CXenHUXT. <|>OpM%, 

cocxaBJiaioinHXT, no<!X0 40/ Bcero ea cocxaBa. $opMH 9x0 
OHeBHflHO, npiypo^eHM KI COCHOBUMI dopaMx. HMiioxca 
Tasase H THnHiHua ropana (J>opMU, KaKOBH Myrmica ru- 
bida H sulcinodis. XapaKtepeax #.ss ^HH.ian^iH xaKate Tomog- 
nathus sublaevis. OcxajitHoe KoaH^ecTBO Hacejieaia MypaBteB't 
cocxaBJiaroxt BI Cojii.uiHHCTB'fe cjiyiaeB-b (Jjopan Gojiiie HJIH ue- 
oSuKHOBenHua, iu0poKopacnpocxpaHeHHHa. Bcero JIG CHXI. 
BI $0H^aHAi0, Koxopyro coSciBeaHO roBOpa nsynaj't (H 
TO HC Bcro) oflHBt 'fosuio Hajianiepi, KOHCTaTHpOBano 33 
<J)OPMH MypaBbesi. HBT. HHXT, ocofiaro BHHMaHia s 



Camponotus ligniperdus F. rufibarbis 

C. vagus F. sanguinea 

Lasius fuliginosus Leptothorax tuberum 

L. umbratus Tomognathus sublaevis 

L. alienus Mychothorax muscorum 

Polyergus rufescens (ocxp. Myrmica rubida 

BajixificK, Mopa) M. scabrinodis 

Formica truncicola M. rugulosa 

F. pratensis M. lobicornis 

F. pressilabris M. sulcinodis 

F. gagates Tetramorium caespitum 



Taitaa necxpaa KOMCHHania 4)opMi nan CXOAL cicepnofi 

6uxk npesHaaa oneHi, opHraHa.itnofi. 
noBH^HMoay, nyatao npHiHCJiHXfc H Form, exsecta 
suecica, KOxoptifl xoxa nona 08BicieHx TOJBEO c% ocxposa 
BoiHHHecKOM'j, 3aaHB4, HO BipoaxHo Hafi^exca H Bt 



npHBejeHHaro cnHCKa BB^HO, HTO BI JaHJiaH^iH npe- 
MHpMeKO(J)ayHa COCHOBHXI Goposi, Cojbmaa ^acxb 
$opii% Koxopofl asjiaioTCfl Tasace THQHHHO cxensuMH. Kpowi 
xoro xai BCTpfciawxca H (jjopMH KaMeaHCxoft cienu, HO Kant 



107 



oaii xasii pacnpeA'i^eHH H Kasofi crania npBaa;ue:Kar&, 
ocTaeica BCBSB'BCTBKIM'B. Hyzao lyjjatb, HTO ooibmas nacxB 
yKasaaatiXT. BI cnncKl} $opifB o<ieab apeBaaro npoacxox- 
ia, HTO 03$ coxpaaBjfBCB B-B <HH.IHH;UH co BpeMeai. JiexHH- 
KOBaro nepioja, a HC npanun ty^a snocJi^CTBiB. 

Ha Ypajin> BBBtcTHo AO CHXI nopi. OKOJIO 51 $opjm iiy- 
^HCIO aio Ceai couH'&Hia HenoJHoe, TaKi KaKi Hyasao 
BO BHHMaaie, HTO BX MnpueKOJiorniecKOMt 
doaie HJH Meate y^OBJieTBOpHTeJibao HSCJii^oBaaH TOJBKO 
BOTOpua M-fecTBOCTH B% KtsHOfl laciH Ypaja; Kposii; Toro 
roTca cpaBBBie^BBo xopomie cfiopbt HS^ cpe^aett ^aciH; ci>Bep- 
BHB ypaa^ BOBce ae 



F. rufibarbis v. glauca 
F. cinerea 

F. cinerea v. imitans 
F. sanguinea 
Proformica nasuta 
Myrmecocystus cursor aenescens 
Tetramorium caespitum 
Formicoxenus nitidulus 
Tomognathus sublaevis 
Leptothorax nassonovi 
L. tuberum s. str. 
L. tuberum v. nigriceps 
L. tuberum stipaceus 
L. tuberum unifasciatus 
Mychothorax acervorum 
M. acervorum v. nigrescens 
M. acervorum v. superus 
M. muscorum 
M. muscorum flavescens 
Myrmica laevinodis 
M. 1. ruginodis 
M. scabrinodis 
M. sc. rugulosa 



9TH 

Camponotus herculeanus 

C. ligniperdus 

C. pennsylvanicus saxatilis 

Lasius flavus 

L. flavus v. odoratus 

L. myops 

L. myops v. flavoides 

L. umbratus 

L. mixtus 

L. bicornis v. affinis 

L. niger 

L. brunneus 

L. alienus 

Formica rufa 

F. truncicola 

F. pratensis 

F. uralensis 

F. exsecta 

F. exsecta v. rubens 

F. pressilabris 

F. fusca 

F. gagates 

F, rufibarbis 



108 

M. lobicornis M. sulcinodis v. nigripes 

M. lobicornis v. deplnnata Strongylognatlius christophi 

M. sulcinodis 

CauuMH MHoroiHCJieHnuMn HST, (JiopMi. siypaiu-eBi Ha Ypa- 

.TE. Kain> 9TO BH,IHO H H3T> CllHCKa. JIBJIfllOTCfl ({lOpMOKH, MHpMHKH 

vi .lasiycH Oieei, TaKine odhiKHOBeHHu Mychotliorax^u. Hai. 
<|)OPMHRT> pluoKT. Form, truncicola. Hat, jiasiycoBi fiojrfee 
({jopurj JKe.iiaro .lasiyca (Las. flavus s. ext.). Ms 
COBI ipesBuqaflHo oouKHOBeseuMx aB.iaeica Camp, saxatilis, 
npHHa^,ieatain,iri rjiaBHLiMt ofipaaoMT. ofijiacTii CKaai.. H 
MOMV oqenb pijiKHMi> C. ligniperdus, Hafijenaufi 
rp. 3 IT i H (111) OKO.IO HajiTUJta SJHSB EKaTep0H(5ypra Pro- 
f or mica nasuta, Stronjiyl. christophi H Mepaiifl 64ryHOKi> 
(Myrmec. acnescens) npunaj-iema-ri CSMIIMI lojEH 
Ypa.ia. Lasius bicornis \. a/finis n i. brunneus AO.I/KHIJ 
oienb pt,iKH H cnopajiHHHU '). J^e^. unifasciatus na 
lOCTHraeri no KpafiHefl nip's jio EKarepHH6ypra. 

AaiarcKifl ({)opMti npe,iCTan.aeHH Ha Ypaat ^OBOJBHO xo- 
poiuo, HO 6oifcraeK) lacTbio BCTp^qaioTca aa BOCTO^noM^ ero 
CK.50H4. JI,jia BTOpacenia HX^ BT, Espon. Pocciio YpaJii HC Mori 
npejciaBHTi. ocof5eHHtixi> nperpajri- oai> jit0cTBHTe.ni.Ho ce- 
penuin ero,, npoaojuKaa pacnpocTpaaaTbca K'I. sanajiy. Hai ia- 
KHX^ i| )0 P M ' fc HyjRBO ynoMaayTh npo Camp, saxatilis, Lept. nas- 
sonovi, L. stipaceus, Form, uralensis, Myrm. sulcinodis v. 
nir/ripes; Sojbuiaa nacTb HXI AOCTHFJB so BOJIPH. TO^HO 
H MBOria eBponeScKia ({topMii, aBHraHCt na BOCTOKI, 
nepeceJiajiHCb sa Ypajn BT> CHfJapb (nanp. Lep#. tuberum v. 
nigriceps, Anerg. atratulus}; HiKOTOpua, ^.oflja flo Ypajia. 
xawi. (Lept. unifasciatus). Ho Polyerrius rufe- 



3% 3TMXI aasiycoBi Haftjieni B% Co^HKaMCKojii y. 

ry6., Ha Yfl-Tami 11 B^ rySep.imicKHX'B ropaxt fB^Kaaijiofi M*CTHOCTH TOJIIKO 
no I MteioHaxoJE.ieHiKi). BtopoH CH.II aoOHit TO^BKO BI O^HOMI nyHKTi YpaJia, 
HMenito Hi, aieodenHoft oO^acTit KpacMoy$BMCK. y., na Eoji&uioft TBiemuoft 
ropli (CM. 1 lacit Moefi paSom, cxp. 201 H 312). 



109 

scms H Dolichoderus quadripunctatus ne aepeiiua iepe3t 
Ypaji'b. TEBHMI. ofipasoux BT> sacxoaajee speiia MH jojiatau 
npeicxaBBXb ce(5i> flsa MHrpau.ioaaux'b aoroRa $opirb, BOCTOI- 
BIJXI a saaa,HBBixx, xeKymax-b oaaai aa Bcxpiqy #pyroMy 
CTaJiRHBaiocaaxca aa Ypajit. 

OcoSeaao xapaExepasiMB ^-na Ypa.m aBaatoxca Tasie My- 
pasbH, KaEt Tomogn. suUaevis, Mychoth. acervorum v. supe- 
rus H M . muscorum flavescens. 3io Bipoaxno flpesaia 
oa-fe oieai. pli^KH aa Ypa^'b H caopa^HiaH. 
MO/KeTi-6uTb oRaatyTca aaiennHecKHMii. 
i. BM^inaetT. BI cedij pasaooSpasana cxau,iH. 
ectb xaBra, JiHCTBeHHue jica, cocaoBHe H AacTBeaaaqaue 6opu, 
. Bci oat Hacejieaii CBOBMH caei^iajibBUMB $opMaMa. Haa- 
pasBHiia HMteii. xafira, Koxopofi Ypajii sasaxx na 
3Ha?Hiej!i>uofi nacxH cBoero npOTaateaia a Koxopaa aA^ct cny- 
CKaetca BT> rory atcKOJbso #ajrl>e 55 c. IB. Caiiaa 
Ypajia, co BBJUoieaieii^ rySepjiBHCKHXt ropi, 

xapasxepx. OcoSeaaaro Baaaaaia sacjiyatHBaiOTi aa 
Ypaat: 1) T. aaa. Ji'fccocTenaaa oojiacib, xopomo oaacaaaaa 
SoiaaHEaMH (KptuioBT>, ropAarHHi, KopataacKi H), 
ao HOHTH aeHsyqeaaaa aoojioraMa; 2) o6.aacTi> yxecoB^ H 
paaBHTaa aa Bepinaaaxi xpefiiOBi a COBOKB. JJ,.ia 9108 
aefi ooJiacTB xapaKiepau: Mychoth. muscorum s. str., M. m* 
flavescens, M. acervorum (typ., v. nigrescens, v. superus), 
Tom. sublaevis, Myrm. sulcinodis (typ., v. nigripes), Camp, 
p. saxatilis, Las. flavus, L. myops, L. alienus; Tyn-ate BCxpi- 
naioTca Myrm. ruginodis, scabrinodis n loMcornis. 

MflpMeKOJiorHiecKaa 4> a y fla Ypajia ao CBoeiiy cociaBy a 
xapaKtepy Hiitexi. waoro o6in,aro ci xaKoaofi-ate 
yKaauBaexi aa HSBicxayio csasb, cyiD,ecxByioa;yH) 

9THMH MiCTBOCTaMH. H MB* EaXCXCa, 1TO 3ia CB3b 

eaje Sojte oieBH^aofi, Kor^a 6jnei% aawi^OBaaa 
HapMeBOJiora>iecKOM'B oiaoaieaia npOMesyxoqaaa aojoca 
. Ojoaen,Kaa H Bojioro^cBaa ry6.), jeffiani,aa ueffi^y 
YpaJioMi> B $aajiaBAiefi. BecbMa BtpoaTao, MXO Tor^a npepu- 
pacnpocxpaneHie xanaxi ^op^j o6ai,Hxi YpanJiy H 



110 

Tomagnathus sublaevis H Myrmica sulcinodis, 
npocio c.ay<iafiHUM7>, BuaBaHHHMt JIHUII> 

xaEi EaB-B MomerB cxaitca, ITO oat 
H BT> BHineaasBaaHofl npoMeasyroiHOiJ UOJOCB. 
Kpbiirb. B-B EpuMy HaflaeBO ,no CHXT. nopx 52 

-JO 9TO npC3BM^aflHO M3JIO H BT> 

JEHO SHaHHtejiLHO yBe.a0qHTj,ca, THKI KaEb 

4>ayHa KpiiMa HHKiMX eme ne fiu.ia HsartflOBaHa H 

o Heft CBt.a.'BHia ocHOBaaia Ha cjiyiaflnuxi cfiopaxi. 
He Meate ^aaie H npa ctojib CKV^HHXI aaHHHXT. Bant 

HSBiCTHH 4 (J)OpMH, HafijeHHiia BCKJUOIHTGJIBHO Bl KpHIMV, 

HiieHHo: Form, gafjates var. muralewiczi, Leptoth. unifasciatus 
var. tauricus, Cremastog. auberti karawaevi H Jfessor capita- 
tus var. jakowlevi. KpOMt TOPO TOJBKO HSX Kpu&ia HSBiciHa 
Ponera ochracea. Bet 910 (|opMH npHowa BI KptiMi ci sana^a 
HJIH loro-sana^a, T. e. Ma;ioa3iaTCKo-6a.iKaHCBaro npOHCxoat^eHia, 
H TO.ibKO F. gag. v. muraleiviczi MOP% BEipafioTaiica HSI TH- 
nniHaro gagates, nepecejJHBiiiaroca BI KpHMi> 031 ro^eofi Poccid, 
xota OHt OHCHt oSuKHOBeaeH^ H na BajiKaHCKOMi no^yoCTpOBi. 
Crcmast. karaivaevi npoasoiiiejii 03^ (7r. auberti typ , EOiopiifi 
XOTS H HeHSB-BCTeH-B eme Ha BajutaHCKOMi. nojyocipOB'B, HO 
Hafljenib B% Maaofi Asia ($ o p e j b 936, cip. 189); Ha KaB- 
Kaai ate OHT. ne 6uii BCrptqeHi. Ponera ochracea Tanate He 
H3B$CTHa eme c r t BaaKaHCKaro nojiyocipoBa, HO no HeSoiiinofi 
$ o p e Ji a (267, cxp. 9) MOSHO aora,a,aTi>ca, HTO ona 
BI> rpenJH. 

B^ o5m,eMX MapMeKO^ayna Kptiaa oCmapyHtHBaeTt cosep- 
meHHO cpe^HaeMHOMOpCKin xapaKTept. CT. KaBKasoMi ona 
nM^exi OB. 45 o6m,axi <J>opM%; ci BajRaHCKHMi no-iyocipOBOMi 
H Majofl Aaien OR. 42. <J>opMt, caen,iajbHO 
KaBKaay, BT> HeB noKa He Hafl^eno. Bet ate $opnu 
o(5mia KpHMy H KasEasy, asjiawTca pacnocTpaaeHHtiMH Boo6n;e 
BX EBponi H BT. nacTHocxH EX Cpe^HseMHOMopcRoa no^o6jiacTH, 

OTRVAa OB'S npOHHE.lH H B1> KpLIMl H Ha 

BT> noca-fe^Hee spena 6aai BticKasaH-f 
300.ioraiiH (A. EL C ene HO B T-Ta H t-Ill anc Ei fi. A. M. 



__ 111 _ 

H H B o ji B c K i 8), ') ITO KPBIITB 6fiur6 paubine BI 
ne ci> KaBKasoMx, a c% BaiBaacKHirb noJiyocTpoBOMi. H HOCHTT. 
Ha ce6i> icpra B 6ajiKaHO-Ma.ioa3iaTCKoS npapOAH". Ho axoMy 
iiOBOfly AOJUKea'B saM-htHib, HTO BC$ HM-fciomiacfl ^anaua, xoia 
H OHeat eune HeflocTaxoiHHa, no MEpMeBo^ayH* HasBaHsaro 
nojyoc'rpOBa He TOJBKO HC npOTHBOpiJiarB aiOMy MHiHiro, HO 

noflTBepatflaiOTi ero. ^TO KpUMt ^oaateHi 6aT& OT- 

OTI EBpon. Poccia H ciHTaibca 
soo.iorHiecRHM'b yiaciKOMi, B^ BTOM-B, MH^ Kaaseica, 
coMHima, TaKi Kasi H np0pow H ({tayna ero, BI ocofieHHocTH 
ropHOfi nacTH H rojKHaro fiepera, coBepmeHHO OMHHHH OTI. 
roatHoH Esp. POCCJH. Bi Kpnwy no KpafiHeB Mtpi HMieTca 

17 4>P M ' 1 ' MVpaBBCBl, KOTOpHH HC HSB^CTHH H3t JOSKHOfl HO- 

Esp. Poccia H CoJibmaa iacTB KOTOPKIXX Tawi ae 



KasKaai. B'B nacTOamee Bpejta Ha KaeKaan, HSB^CTHO 135 
^ MypasteBi. Hst H0xi> cjii^yiomifl HaBACHH nosa HCBJIO- 
na KasEasi: 

Camponotus aethiops v. gla- Leptothorax corticalis v. korbi 

ber L. alpinus 

Formica clara v. caucasica L. serviculus v. brauneri 

F. cinerea v. araenica Mychothorax muscorura v. 
Cremastogaster subdentata scamni 

v. scaBrida Aphaenogaster obsidiana 

Cr. sordidula v. kosti A. subterranea v. kurdica 

Cardiocondyla bogdanovi A. gibbosa v. muschtaidica 

Solenopsis orbula v. latroides Messor aegyptiacus v. incor- 
Tetramorium caespitum v. ruptus 

splendens Ponera coarctata v. lucida 
Strongylognathus cliristopbi 

v. rhebinderi 



coogpaxeuiit o up 0111.10x1 $ayEU H 4>^P H Kpaua 
no noBOAy HaxoxACHia laai ropnoH sypouaiKH (Caccabis chakar 6. K. Gray), 
A HAP- C e M e H o B a (SanacKH Hun. AKaj,. HayKt, T. YI1I, K 6), 1899. 
Tai;se: A. M. HHKOjiBCKift, nHpeeiiHKaromiacH H aeMHOBOAHHS PocciflcKofl 
HMnepiH (SaiiHCKB Hun. AsaA- H., T. XVII, $ 1) 1905. 



112 
Bcero 18 ^opMi, HSI KOHXT> unoria oKaHtyrca no sceB 

B'BpOaTHOCTH 9HAeMHHCCKHMK fl.Ifl KaBKaSa, TaK-I. KaKT. npCfl- 

fiojibmeio nacTbio nesaaiHTejiBBbia Bapianja IHCTO 
xapaKtepa. BoJibinaHCTBO axaxi <|)opMi npHBaweatHTt 
/1,-ia raaBHaro KaesascKaro xpedxa HOBH^HMOMV 
xapaKTepetiMH aBjaioTca Aphaenog. obsidiana H Leptoth. al- 
pinus, o(5a CBOficTBeHHiie a^LniacKoB o6.iiacTH KaBKaaa, npH- 
nepsua H^CTI no Bcemy xpe6ry. Hsi xiypaBi,eB'b 3aicaB- 
sacjyiKHBajoTi BHHMania: 1) F. cinerea var. armenica (HST, 
B. a M. ApapaxoB^ H osepa FOR^H), ^oeojibao csoe- 
o6pasHaa a xapaKTepaaa AJH ioB MtcTHOCTH 4)OpMa; 2) Cardio- 
condyla bo/jdanovi, npHHajiviemamaa KT> HHTepecnofi, OTEpuxoB 
K. A. C a T y H H H H M r i> l ), ({)ayHt necKOBi OKOJIO Apaauxa; 
pacnpocTpaneHie 9roS (j)opMti no Bcefi B'spoaTHOCTH OKaatetca 
6ojiie oSinapHLiMX, TaK'b KaK r & oaa, B&KT> H sea <|>ayHa Apa- 
JIUXCKHXI necKOBi, xypaHCKaro npoHcxoajfleaia (HTO H 
yffie aa ^pyroMx operHHajbHOMi BHI-B, 

M^-ae, HM6HHO Leptothorax satunini, KoroptiB 
noiOM'b (Jujn, Hafwefli BT, Byxap-fe); 3) Messor aegyptiacus v. 
incorruptus, sKHBymifi BT> HaropHbixi> CTenaxi SasaBKasba H no 
BceR B'BpofliHOCTH npe^ciaB.iaiomiB caMocToareabHyio pacy; siy- 
paseB 3TOTi 0H'repeceHi> xiux, HTO aBjaetca na KaBKast BW- 
nax C'BBepnofl A^PHKH, WB atHBen ero 



Ociajibnaa MapMCKOJiorHHecKaa <i>ayna KaBKaaa 
ST> ce6t <})OPMU pasjiHiaaro npoHcxoat^eHia. r.iaBatiMi. o6pa- 
30STB ona cjiaraeica HST. ipoaKaro po^a 4>opin>: cpe^HseMHOMOp- 
, ciBepao-najieapKTBHecKHXi H cpe^HeaaiaTCKHxi (typan- 
IIpeo6jiaAaH)ia,HM% aaeiieHTOMT. B^ HeB aBjaioxca cpeAH- 
({>opMbi. Koiopua nepecejiHJHCb aa KaBKaa'B ie- 
peai, MaJiyro Asiro. K/B HHM^ upaHaAJjeataTi SojiBiuaa qaci't 
., jemoTOpaKCbi, <|topMbi POAOBT. Cremastogaster, 



') CM. E. A. Oaiyu HH-B, oCaopi. HscjijoBaiiijt jueKoiiHTaiumiix's Kae- 
EascEaro spaa. OTA. OTT. H3t XX1Y su. 3aiiacoKi, KasKascK. OT^. Hun. Fyccc. 
Teorp. Odm., TH^HC'B, 1903 r. 



113 

Hagiolepis, Bothriomyrmex, nypaBi>H-(paaTOH<iHEH, aeeaoracTepn 
H MeccopH, Monomorium salomonis, Cardiocondyla elegans, 
Acant holepis frauenfeldi, Tapinoma nigerrimum, Pheidole pal- 
lidula, Tetram. semilaeve H H. sp. $opnH 9TH CBOHCTBCHHH 
nonpeHMymecTBy Heateeiuy noacy licoBt H CTCHH. 

GiBepHHa (popMBi npHmjH aa Kasitasx HS-B Eaponii ie- 
pea-B BaJtsaHCRifi nojyocTpoBi- Majyw Asiio, Ha HTO, HanpnM., 
npaMO yBasHBaeTi, aaxoatJieHie Formica rufa J ) BI 3aBaBBa3B0, 
Bi ftopaxt EapcKOfi ofijiacTH, xorja Kasx B% jitcaxi cisepHaro 
raaBHaro xpefiia oat nowH OTcyTCTByexi. 
H-BKOTOpaa BSI cisepHnxi (j^opHi MOIMH 

na KaBEaai H Henocpe^CTBeHeo ex c^Bepa, HS% Espon. 
Poccia, ao Koeeqao TOJILKO BT. Soaie nosAHee speMa; 8TO 

^OpMil, CBOfiCTBCHHUa HHBBHU'B CTCnHMX H 

Boo6me Hyasno saMirHTL, HTO npejcxaBH- 
TCJIH dsBepHOfi MHpMesoJiorHHecEoJi (JiayHH cocpe^oTo^eHH Ha 
rjiaBHOHi. xpefiii KaBBasa, r^i oat jepacaxca BI fiojie BEICO- 
KHXI, o(SiacTaxi, HMenao BX sepxaeMi noact jfecoBi, BX cy- 
6ajbaiHCKo8 H ajiBnificKOtt o6jacTaxi>. SA^CB, BX ocofiesHOCTH 
B ajitniHCKOfl oojaeiH KaBBasa, rji aapajy CT> TunH^no rop- 
HHMH MypasBaME (Myrm. rubida, M. sulcinodis) atHByrB H 
TaBie, saai Lasius alienus, L. flavus, Formica fusca, 
thorax acervorum, Bci ea oSHTaiejiH AOJiatsu SHTB 
jipeBaaro npoHcxomjteaia: OHH aecoMaiaHO cym,ecTBOBaJH 
em,e AO JieAHHKOBaro nepio^a. K'B ciBepHBiMX (JtopiiaMi Kassasa 
OTHOcaTca (5ojbmaa TOCTB npe^CTaBBTejefi p. Formica, JiasiycH, 
MHPMHBH, Tetram. caespitum, iiaxoTopaECH, Camponotvs hercu- 
leanus, Polyergus rufescens H H. jip. 

CpexBeasiaTCBij: 4opMu npOHHEaa Ha Kassasi HSI> Ty- 
paaa lepeax apajo-BacniflcByio nycTtiaio ci ciBepo-BOCTOKa 
HJIH Hepeai IlepciK) c% ioro-BocTOKa. Hxi cpaBanxejibHo ae 



r ) Hpo BTOFO MypaBta, ciojit o6HBHOB6HHaro BI aicaii Espon. Poccia 
H SanaAHoft EspoHH, Hyatno aaaiiHTi., VTO Ha KaBmi OKI pt^OKi pac- 
npocipaHeHi EC COJIOHIB, a npepHB^aio, ocTpoiKSMB, naxeica 
oCpasoMi CBoflcTseHi COCHOBBHI 6opam. 

8 



114 

MHoro H OHH nonpeHMynjecTBy pacnpoCTpaHeHH B-B BOCTOI- 
aofi oSjiacTH KaBKaaa, HMCHHO, B-B npafipeaHoB no-ioci Kacnifl- 
CKaro itopa, BI ^arecTaai H B-B HHsueHHOCTH BOCTOinaro 3a- 
KaBKasba, BI fiacceHH-B KypH. XapasxepHUMH npeflcxaBHTejaMH 
TypaHCKofi uapMeKOtpayHBi Ha KaBBasii as-aaiorca: Camponotus 
interjectus, Formica clara, F. transcaucasica, Myrmecocystus 
setipes var. turkomanicus, Cremastogaster subdentata, Lepto- 
thorax satunini H Myrmica bergi. Hsi BHXX ocoSeeHaro BHH- 
sacJiyaiHBaiOTi Formica clara H F. transcaucasica 
MOnrojitcKaro npoacxosjieHia. IlepBaa npnmjia aa Kaa- 
^epes'b Apajto-BacHiflCKyio nycTHHio H oCpasosajia xaH^ 
ocoSyio pasaoBH^HocTt (T. caucasica); & F. transcaucasica no- 
BH^HMOMT npoEHKX Ha KaBKasi ci cisepa, nepesi loro- 
t. Ha KaBKast ero pacnpoCTpaHeaie HejiocxaToiHO 

OHX TaMt BipoaiHO ropHocienHOfi H 
TaKHMt-ae nyTeui, oqeBH^HO, nepeceJHJCfl naKaR- 
H Leptoih. serviculus, ^asi TBMI pasHOBHiHOCTB braune- 
ri 1 ). Hsi MypaBbeBi-tpaBTOHiHKOBt Ha KaBKaai so^atcfl ^Ba 
TypBMeHCKiB $a9TOH^HKi (v. turcomanicus) H nycTUHHUfl (de- 
sertorum), ofipaayiomie nepexo^u neatly co<Joio; HSI HHXI nep- 
Bti8 npoacxo4HT% OTi Myrm. setipes, pacnpocxpaneHHaro B-B 
HHjocTani, IlaMBpi ETepcin; a Biopofi acHBeTi BX 
A(|ipHKi>, A6HCCHH1H H CwpiB. 06a 9T0 ^aaTOH^HSa 

no noSepeasBio KacniflcKaro uopa H BT> fiaeceftHi Kypu, ae 
si cteepy Kajseica ^aji-Be ^epfieHta, n aa KaBKas'i Horyxi 
xapaBTepHBiMB aaa BocToiaaro SasaBsasBfl. 

Bi. MapMeKOJioraqecKOM^ OTHomemH Cu6upi> nosa 
MOKHO pas^iJHTB Ha 2 iacTH: Sanainyio H BocTOHHyro. Hai 

IHCJia BC'BX'B (|)OpMT> MypaBBCBl, BaHjCHHHXX TaMl>, HMCHHO OS. 

80, Ha xojiio 3anaAHoft CB^BPH upaxo^HTCa 64, Ha AOJUO Boc- 



') 3 npeanojiaraio, qio Ha KaBKis* aJiseHi, nafiiiCL co BpexeHeii'B H 
Myrmoxenus gordiaqmi HJH (5jiH8Ki8 n Heay BBji, TaEi KaEK BI JH,arecTHt 



CHJII notHaHi 1 ^ mypaBBH, oCTaBraiflca ne onpejtjieHHHM'B, 
Bcero noaxojHBraift K% p. Myrmoxenus. 9 nocmiajii ero $ o p e Jt B H OKI 
coraacnacx C'L HOHHI MHiHiexi. 



115 

47 (f)0p&iv, HO nysHO npHHaxb BO BHHJiaeie, ITO Boc- 
Toinaa CaSHpi. (ocooeeHO YccypifiCKifi spaa) BT> OTHoraeeia 
MypaBbCBi. noHTH BOBCC He HacjrBflOBaHa a BO Bcasoui c-iyiali 
ea unpneKOJiorHqecEaa 4>ayea aoasaa SHTB ropasjio 6orane. 06- 
mnrB we 4>op*n> y o6$HXx lacxefi C0.6HpH Hiiiexca 32. 

Bojibuiaa qacrb fyopu% Sanadnotl, Cu6upu, apocxapaiomeScfl 
Ha BOCTOK'B npH6jiH3aTejii.HO so SaSaflKaaBa, o6tn,ia ct Eepon. 
Pocciefi H Eeponofi. $opMai*H cnen;iaJihHo CBoflciBeHHHMH e% 
Hyacao ciHtaTB c.Tfe^ytorn,HXT.: 

Camponotus p. saxatilis L. serviculus 

Formica uraknsis Myrmica scabrinodis v. salina 

F. rufibarbis v. glauca M. scabrin. v. lacustris 

Myrmoxenus gordiagini M. sulcinodis v. nigripes 

Leptothorax stipaceus M. kasczenkoi 



HHX-E F. uralensis H M. kasczenkoi pacnpocTpaHarotca 
10 3a6a8KaJiba. Ha sana^i 6ojn>maa iacTb STHXI <j>opMi no- 
CTHFJH Ypajia ii oriacTH ueperaiH ero; HacKOJibKo-ate 

t Ha BOCTOKl, OCTaCTCfl B'L TOIHOCTH HC HSBiCTHHMl. 

(j[)opM% Handoi'le mnpOKOpacnpocTpaHenHUMi aBjaeica 
30JiOTHCTOBOJiocu8 KaMEOHOiyc^ (Camp, saxatilis), KOTOpufi, xoxa 
H npoxo^HTi> qepeai. BCIO CB^HPL, HO Haefioji'fee xapaKtepHBiMi 
ciHTaxbca HHCHHO ^Jia Sana^Hofi Ca6npH, ni OHT, 
o^EiBHOBeeeHi; BI BocToiHoB-ate CH^HPH OHI 
Co^ie P^AOBI H ^aace BtpoaiHO 
raifi ci ^syna SJIHBKHMH <J)opMaMH Camp, ater- 
rimus H japonicus. Haait C. saxatilis HuierB copOflH^efl He 
TOJibKO B?> Asia, HO H BX C$B. AMepHKi, H Tpy^HO CBasaib, FJCB 
y HBX^ BC^XX 6tiJia nepBona^aAbHaa po^HHa BT> Asia HJIH BT> 
Cts. AuepHKi. Ho Bcefl BipoaiHOCTH OHH sci se^yti Haia.no 
jpeBHaro po^Hia, auiBmaro csofi n;eHTpi, npOHCioatJieHia 
Ha dtaepii CH^HPE eme BI TpeTHHHuB nepiojrb. a 
OTCfO^a ct HactyiueHieu'B aejHHBOBOH anoxH nocTeneHHo 
jBHraemaroca Ha ron> H BOCTOBI, pacnpocTaHaBraaroca no Bcefl 
H BI MaHiatypiro, Kaxaft, Moaroiiio, HH^ocTaHi H BI 
AMepHKy, pacnaBmHCb npa 9TOMT, Ha A^utt pa^i 4>opM'b. 

8* 



116 

IJsi, HHX-B C. saxatilis 6aesie Bcero CTOHTB BT. cisepoaMepHKaH- 
CKOMy pennsylvanicus (typ.) H anoecKOMy (japom'cwsj, ocoOeHHa 
nocJi'BflHeMy, erne npe^cxoHrB pinraxB Bonpoci 06% BXX HCTHH- 
HBIXI cooxHomeHiaxv, BT, BocxoiHoft ate CafoipH no scefi Btpo- 
axHOCTH jKHByrB nepexoflHBia <JK>PMH. 

Cx EBponofi (HCK.iio<ma BOCXOK-B Espon. PocciH) y 3ana^Ho8 
Cn6npH HMietca OR. 37 oSn^Hxi, 4>opMi> nypaBbesi. lla% HHX^ 
HyatHO yKasait: 1) Aner gates atratulus, jKHBymifl BI re-B3,nax'!> 
Tetram. caespitum H OTKpuTHfl noKa ^Hrat BTE, O^HOM-B 



, Kpafiae HaxepecHuB no CBOHMX CiojioraqecKHMi oco6eH- 
; BT> Esp. Poccin OH^ so CHXI nopx He SHIJII 
H He noiOMy, iTo6n OHI COBC'EMI He BO^HJICS Tam, a 
cnopa^HiHOCTH ero MicroHaxoJE^eeifi H no xpy^aocTH 
MOffiex^-6uTt ^aa:e BI CH^BPH, no Tn;aTe 
OHI OKaKcica $op M( > fi OTJiH^HOft on eBponeficKOfi; 2) Camp. 
vagus, KOTOpuS, fiy^yia pijiOKx H cnopa^HieHi Ha 
Espon. Poccia, ne BCTpiqaacx HE Ha Ypajii, HH BI 
ry6., namejica nocii snaiHxejibHaro nepeptiea BI CBOCMI pac- 
npocxpaHeHia BI EaaceficKofi ry6.; 3) Lasius carniolicus, pac- 
npocxpaHCHie Kaxoparo BI 3an. CH^HPH BnojiHi noAXBepat^aexi 
ero cnopaflHHHocTt. OciajBHtie MypaBBH, o6mie 3ana#Hofi CH^HPH 
H Espoai, oxjiHiatoTca Boofime mapoKHMi pacnpocxpaneHieM^ a 
aaMinaxejiBHaro ne npe^cTaB.uaioT'B. 

Ci iora, HMCHHO ci roro-BocTOKa Espon. Poccin H HSI. Kap- 
CTenefl, BI 3an. CadapB aaxo^axTi: Myrmec. cursor 
aenescens (caspius), Tetram. inerme, OTiacxH Bipoaxso xaKate 
Strongylognathus christophi H Messor structor (v. muticus n 
orientalis). 

Ki Saaa^HoS CnCHpa HyacHO OTHOCHXB H Aamau, npeju- 
cxaBaajomift BX OTHoraeHia csoefi ^ayuBi Boo6m,e H MapMeKo^ayHti 
B'B qacTHocTH ipesBBmiSHBiB nnxepecx, xanx KaKt OHI no sceB 
BipoaxHOCTH 6hui i^eHTpom pacapocxpauefiifl Bant 

CHCHpCKHXi 4"OpMl, T8KI H ^i3 MHOrHXl 

Hanp. Formica uralensis, F. pressilabris, F. pratensis, Myr- 
moxenus gordiagini, Leptot'h, serviculus, Lasius carniolicus, 



117 

Myckothorax acervorum, Tomognathus suUaevis a ap 
no CBOHitt yc-JOBian-B H no <payHf AOJtaeHi 6nTt CJIHBOKI K-B 
YpaJiy: Taui, HanpaM., aiiijtoTca xaicie me napsoo^pasHiie jrfcca 
as'b Oepesti H jiacxBeHHaijH, nacejieHHHe Form, pressilabris, 
F. exsecta, F. uralensis, F. pratensis, COCHOBHC 6opu c% Camp. 
hercvleanus n saxatilis, CKaJiBCTHe CKJOHH H COEIKH, HE EOTOpaxt 
THTca CBoeofipasnaa ropHO-cxenHaa MnpueKo^ayaa J ). ypa/ii-ace 
BT> CBOH) oiepejib, saKt aio yaie roeopajiocb, CBasueaeTca H$- 
KoxopuMi oSpasoMi ci $HHMHiieK) H BOTI, npH 6oiie 06- 
croflTe.xbHux'B HacaiAOBaHiaxt, MOKCT^ OKaaatbca, HTO net 
ipn ofijracTH Ajrrafi, ypaa* H $HHaaH^ia npeflCiaBjiaiOTi, 
nocjiijioBaTejibHHe n;eHTpa BT> pacnpocxpaHCHiH H 
JEHBOTHHXI (j)OpMi, ^BHraBmHxca Hsx loro-sana^a 
Espon. Pocciro a SanaaayH) Espony. 

Bocmowaa Cuffupb HMien 6oaie onpeji'SjieHHo 
MHpMeKOJorHiecKyio $ayay. EH coficiBeHHO 

Camponotus herculeanus v. Dolichoderus sibiricas 

whymperi Tapinoma sessile 

C. hercul. v. saehalinensis Mychothorax hirticornis v. 
C. aterrimus sibiricus 

C. quadrinotatus Myrmica angulinodis 

Formica truncicola T. yessensis M. commarginata 
F. sanguinea v. mollesonae 



Cto^a-ace naao em,e UPHHHCJHTB Formica fusca nippo- 
nensis a ), BOwnjaroca BI HnoeiH. 

Bee 9TO xapaKTepaua (|)opMEi, HEX KOiopuxi xpii, HMCHHO 
C. hercul. v. whymperi, Tapinoma sessile a Mych. hirtic. v. 
sibiricus ciiBepoaif epEtsaHCEaro npOHCXoat^eHia. Form, truncicola 



flHTepecHHMi sieatiy npoiHM% jiaKTOui BI aioui oTHoraenia 

HaxoxieHie 6txo6pE>iaro rjiyxapa (Tetrao wor/allus uralensis 
Menzb.) BI BSHOMT, Ypajii H ua Aaiat. 

'') OAIHI 9K36Mnjepi ^ aiofi pacii a nojyqnji. HeaasHo BS-B oEp. CT. 
Fa3AO.iBHoe, V'ccypiftcEoro spaa. Bi ilanisypia BTOTI HypaseA oqeHB O(IHKHO- 



118 

v. yessensis, C. hercul. v. sachalinensis a C. aterrimus 
nepeeeaeaijaMB aai MaHiaiypiH HJB ast Hnoaia. HB-B 
C. hercul. v. sachalinensis, XOTH BX npefl'fe.iaxi Hamaxt 

H B3BtCTefl-B TOJIbKO 031 CaxaJIBHa, HO aOJUKCBt BCT 

H KT> AMypCKoB H BI OpHMOpcKofl otf-iacTsxt, raK-B 
HafljeHi BI ManqmypiH H ZT, MoHroaia (870). 
Toro BI BocToiHofi Ca6npH HMieTCa OK. 25 

Boofime raapoKaMi paciipocTpaeeHieMX H BCip-B- 
qaiom,BXCfl BI EBponi; HiKOtopua 031 HBX'B HC Haa^eHia eme 
BI 3ana^HOH CaSapa, aanpaM. Lasius mixttts H brunneus, HO 
OHt HSBiiCTHu c^ Ypajia H RoneiHO co BpeiieHeMt a TaMt 
Hafijytca. ^OBOJIBHO aara^oiHO HaxoatAenie BI IIpHHOpcaoi! 063.. 
(r. BjiajiHBOCTOKi) Cremastogaster laestrygon var. striaticeps, 
c^BepHofi A<J>PBK-B; MoateT^-fiHTb oat 6wsi 
saBeseHt Ty^a ct TOBapaMH, TaKx-Ke Kant a Pheidole 
megacephala. 

C^ C-BBepHofi AMepaKoa y BOCTOHHOB Cafiapa noKa as- 
BicTHo OK. 15 o6max% 4 )0 P M ' I> ' 

Kx o6aacTa BOCTOIHOB Cafiapa a oiaomy raKate a 3a- 
6aiSEajii>e, xota co BpeMeaeMi ero, KaKi HMtromaro rfcaoe co> 
oiHomeaie c^ MoHroaiea, npa^CTca BH^ijiBTt BT> KaqecTBt ox- 
fltjibHaro OEpyra. Itosa XJa nero asBicTHH Tpa cnen,iajiBHHa 
(j)opMti: Form, sanguined v. mollessonae, Myrmica angulinodis 
a commarginata, aai. KotopBixi nocji'l^Haa B6CBa xapaKtepaa. 
SarBM-B iaMi, KOHCHHO, Haajyica a HB-B wonrojiBCKia <|)opMKi 
Proformica nasuta mongolica a Messor lobuliferus. 

Typam>. 06jacTt> Typcma a npaHHMaio BI T'BX^ rpaHan;ax%, 
KaK^ 9TO c^i.iaHo iipo<J). A. M. H a E o .1 B c K a M x B% ero- 
onacaHia npecMHKaiomaxca a seMHOBOjiHHXi, PoccifiCEOfi BM- 
nepia ^j T. e. a BEJiwqaio cro^a BCIO SaKacnifiCKyto a TypraacKyro 
ofijiacTB a KnprascKyio CTCHB aa C3 ao aaiKHsro Teqeaia Bo.irH 
a Epreaea. Bipoatao BT> aacioamee spena Hani BSB'BCTHO ne 
noJiOBBHH scero cociasa UHpneKOJioraiecKOfi ^ayHti Typana r 
xaBie ofiraapHKie pafioHBi ero East TflHB-HtaHB, Tap- 



1. cit.., cip. 459. 



119 

6oratafi H H. flp. upeacTaBaaKm, KT, MBpiieKOJioraiecBOM't OT- 
Homeaia terra incognita. Mai JIHIHO aa wicxi npanuoct 
noaaaKOMBTtca ex MapMeKO(j>ayaofi Typaaa TOJII>KO BI> KaprascKoa 
CTCHH, npe.ncTaBJisioin,efi ero spafiHifi (popnoctt Ha sauaair, cB-fe- 
06% ocxaJitHuxi iffccTHOCTaxi ero MH HM'SCBCB aai co'opOB'B, 
6ojite H.IH Meaie noayTHO pasjia^HUMH Ha- 



$ayaa Typaaa, cocToan;aa BT. aacioamee 
119 $opjjx, cosepaarB BI ceSi raaBHHMi> o6pasoM% 
4 rpynau ^opxi pasJiaqaaro apoacxoxxeaia. OAB^ <|>opMu 
KI npe^cTaBBTe4aiix Cpe^aaeMHOMOpCKoa no- 
a oTiacia npoaaK^a BI Typaa% CT> sanaja ^epesi. Maayio 
Asia, MeaonoTaBiiio a Ilepciio; jpyria cyTb BUXOWH HaflocTaaa; 
Tpexta npanuiH cs BOCTOsa, BS-E nycTUHb Moarojiia a Ta6eia; 
HaKOHenTt, qeTBepxaa ca6apcBaro npOHcxoajteHia 910 $opMEi 
c-BBepaua, no npeHMymecTBy JI-BCBHH, cxenaHa HJIH ropawa, 
nepecejBBmiaca BX TypKectaat ci C a CB asi CaCapa nepea-B 
Aaxafi J ). 

Ki nepsoa rpynn 1 !, Koxopaa saaaitaeTi coScTBeaao Typ- 
KecTaai H SaKacniacByto ofijiactB, npaaa^aeaiaTi. Tame BBI;U a 
pacH, naRT. Camponotus dichreus, C. aethiops, C. lateralis, 
C. fedtschenkoi, C. xerxes, Proformica nasuta, Myrmecocystus 
albicans, bicolor, setipes, altisquamis, pallidus, aenescens, Acan- 
fholepis frauenfeldii, Plagiol. pygmaea, saxiMi. $opMti aat 
POUOBI Bothriomyrmex, Tapinoma, Monomorium, Cardiocon- 
dyla a Pheidole, Messor structor, Cremastogaster auberti a up. 



') ECTB eme BoaMosHocTi ^onycTHTB npoHHKHOBenie cisepHHXT. ())OpMi 
(HJIH noEpaftueft ntpt HiKoTopHii Hsi HHXI) B% Typaui, a saitMi H BI HH- 
, CT> sana^a, xaKi H ua KaBEaai, lepeai BajiKaHCKifl noayocTpOB%, Ma- 
AaiKt H ctsepHyio llepciw, HM6HHO no ropHHM% xpe6TaH% B.itOypci, Koaeti- 
Jlar-B. A^a-ILan H I'HHayBymi, HO no Tin nop% nofca BC! BTH K^CTHOCTH He 
Cyjiyii HacjtjoBaHH Bt MHpMeKojiorHiecKoni omcnieHiH, Tasoe nonymeuie 
ociaHeica Epaftue npoSJienaTH'iHHM'i. HaKoaeui, ecjia nasse BHnieyEaaaHHua 
etBepHHa (fopMH MypaBBes-B it 6jnjfi, uaftaeHH ua uasBaHHHX'B KpeOiaxi, TO 
BceiaKH eme nyxuo OyaeTi, nosasait, ITO OH* jtficiBHTejii,Ho UPOHHKJIH 
ci, sanaja, a He ex Bocioxa. 



120 

Bxopyro rpynny cocTaBaawrt Myrmica rugosa, M. smythiesi, 
Camp, buddhae, xaKace Camp, tichomirovi, soxopuB tfjiime scero 

CXOHXt KT. HHfliftCKOMV C. pdlUduS Sm.; BCi? 3TH $OpMI 

HSI cisepHOfi HH;UB, nai o6.iacx0 raMa-flaest, H 
IlaMHpy CeMapiibio. Ki 4>opMasn> HH^iflcKa 
HVHHO eme npHiHCJHTb Pheidole megacephala, ec^a osa 
CTBHxejtbHo Hafl^erca BI TypsecTaH-fe, H saxiMi Monomorium 
gracillimum, KOtopafl npOHHKt B% 3aKacnificKyio o6ji. HS^ HH- 
^10 nepesi Uepciio; BH^I- STOxt oxjiaqaexca oOiunpHUMi, pa- 
cnpocxpaHeHieMi, HO pojiHHa ero B^poaxno Haxo^arca BI. roacBOfi 
OTKyja OHT> H pacnpocxpaHH-ica K^ wry na ocxpo- 
Taxaro oKeaaa H KT> aana^y BI A<JpHKy qepeai Depciio, 

Apasiio. Lasius emeryi H flavescens xaEHte 
MOMy HMiroxi. CBOHXI SjBacafiinHXi po^aiefl Bi 
CBoe8 6.itnHo-aiejixofi HJIH KOpHiHesaxo-jKejixofi OKpacEoS OHH 
OT-inqaioxca oxi Bctxt jpyrHxi eBpoaeScKHXi copoaHHefl Las. 
niger s. ext., KI rpynni Koxoparo OHH np0aaffjiesa'ri. Tperta 
rpynna xypaHCKHX'B <j)0pni iieHTpajbHO-asiaxcKaro npOHCXoatAe- 
nia; ona sanaMaexi BocxoHHHa oKpaHHH Typana, rjiaBHHMi 06- 
paaoMi CeMHpiqte, Kyjia ea c[>opMu npOHHKJin nst MoHroaia 
H uoatex'B 6tixi> TnGexa. Ki HHMI oxnocaxca Messor lobuliferus 
v. excursionis, Cremastogaster sttbdentata, Formica clara a 
Myrmica dschungarica. HecoMHtHHO Hafiiexca xaKJKe BI Ty- 
paei a Form, transcaucasica. 

CtBepHHMH BuxojmaMH Bi Typafffc aB^aioxca: Formica 
truncicola, F. pratensis, F. pressilabris, F. sanguinea, F. 
fusca, F. gagates, Campon. Jierculeanus, Lasius niger, L. ali- 
enus, Tetramor. caespitum, Mychothorax acervorum, Myrm'ica 
ruginodis, laevinodis, scabrinodis H lobicornis. <I>opMH STH sa- 
Bt TypKecxaH'fe raaBHHMt o^paaoMi cxenH, Jiica H.IH 

ropi. 

B&nneyEa3aHHHxi> npeAcxaBaxejea 
Typana MH SflfccB BCxpiHaeni H i^^jiHfl pa^ 
^opMi, aBBBmaxca npo^yaxoui M^CTHEIXI ycjiOBia. El 
<|)opMaMi oxHocHxca npeawe scero rpynua xexpaiiopiyMOBX ci 
6pH)msoM'B (Tetram. schneideri. T, stria- 



121 

tiventre, T. caespit. v. reticuliventre). RAH scefi arofl rpynna 
TypaHi 6HXT, ijeHTpOM'B npoHcxoffi^eaia. B% noca-BflCTBin on. 
Hea OTfliuHJca Tetram. sericeiventre, 3K0Bymi8 B-B AtppHEi}. 
SaiiM'B croja nponaflaeKarB: Solenopsis deserticola, Ischno- 
myrmex rhaphidiiceps, Proformica aberrans, Leptothorax se- 
menovi, L. satunini, Myrmecocystus pallidus, Myrm. foreli, 
Stenamma asiaticum, Monomorium barbatulwm, Fheidole ko- 
shetvnikovi, Myrmica bergi, M. stangeana, M. saposhnikovi H 
pa/n. pasHOBH^nocTefl. Mnorie HSI 9x0x1 MypaBbeBi 
pacnpocTpaHHTbca HSI csoero jjeaipa BI Ilepciio, Ma- 
Asiio, na KasKasi H B*B ApaBiio. HiKOiopue npom.iH Bt 

HaapaBiemH, HMCHHO Ha 03, jto Capeniti. 
Bet 9TH 8H^etfH?ecBia 4>opMU HyffiHO c^BTaxB xapaKiep- 

HUMH J(JIfl BOCTOHHOfi HaCTH CpejHSeHHOHOpCKOfi HO^OfijaCTH, BT. 

npei^JTH KOTopofl BXO^HTI Typani. Cjii^oBaTeJibHO BC$ BOCTOI- 
Ho-cpejH3eMHOMOpCEia $opMH a^tcb otfpasyioTB IB* rpynnn. 
ITepBafl COCTOHTT. H3t $opit%, pasBHBinHxca aa aanaxi, BaEi, 
., (j>a9TOHqHKH H ap., KOTOpna orry^a UOTOHI nepece- 
BI Typanx qepesi Maayio Asiio Oepciio; (JtopJiH STH 
HOBHH. Jl^pyraa rpynna npejcTaBiaerB cofioio 
, o6pa30BaBmnxca s^-Bct ^aBHO ast 
npaine^raHXi Bt Typae-B HBI HHjie H 
yate SHMepranxi. BTH OT^aaeHHue 
CEofi Hsjii0 B-B OH6HB jpeBHee BpeMH repeal TypaHt BOCTOH- 
Hufl IlHAOCTaHi pacnpocipaHHJiHCb noBH^HMOMy H no Bcefl Cpe- 
,!H3eMHOMOpcKo8 DOffogjiacTH, jjaBi, naiajio BwfecTi ex Kopen- 

HiJMH ea (J)OpMaMH BCefi COBpeHeHHOH Cpe^HSeMHOMOpCKOfi M0p- 



npe^Jiaxi Typana npem^e scero BHfliuiaeTca Apcuto- 
o6jtacmt> ci> taKHMH xapaKtepHBiu0 iiypaBBauH Easi 
Myrm. foreli, M. pallidus, Solenopsis deserticola, Cardiocond. 
elegans v. uljanini, C. st. v. koshewnikovi, Myrmica bergi, M. stan- 
geana, M. rugosa v. kirgisica, Leptothor. semenovi, Cremastog. 
tiubdentata v. flavicapilla, Monomor. barbatulum, Camp, tur- 
kestanus H .up.; sai'BM'B coficTseHHO Typttecmam CT> Preform. 
>aberrans, Stenamma asiaticum, Ischnomyrm. rhaphidiiceps, 



122 

Camp, turkestanicus, C. fedtschenkoi; xa.s$e CeMUptwbe ct 
Messor lobuliferus v. excursionis, Myrm. dshuKgarica, M. sa- 
poshnikovi, Tetram. schneideri; HaBOHen, 1 * HaMupz c% BOCTO<mofl 
Byxapoa, nan EOTOPHX-B Becbita THnHiHHMH aBJHKrrca: Lasius 
emeryi, L. flavescens, LeptotJi. oxianus, L. bulgaricus v. mel- 
leus, L. pamiricus, Myrm, laevinodis v. minuta, Cremasto- 
gaster bogojawlenskii, Prof, aberrans v. nitidior, Camp, fed- 
tschenkoi v. mayri H meTHHHCTOHorifi t^aaTOH^HBi. (Myrmecocystus 
setipes). KoHeiHO BT. o(5jacTH Typaea ajutioTca H apyria xa- 
JTBCTHOCTH, HanpHM. TaHfc-DIaHb, HO sa HCHMimieMt 

06^ HHXI HHiero ne^Bsa roBOpaTb. 
aiy rjiasy o MupMCKO-joraqecKHXi. yqaciKaxt 
Poccin, KOTOpiie Moryrt CHTB H ofimeaoojiorHHecBHMH yiacTBaMH, 
a jiojaieHT) saMiiHTb, BX saBJHOieme, ITO npn onncamH HXX a 
He uori. B^aBaTbca BI Kasia H06yiB ^eiajiH no He^oc'raTKy BS 
5o.ibraHHCTB'B caynaeBi HeodxoiHMHX'B MaTepiaJiOBi. 06% OICHB 
pHXC^HJiocb jiHinb floraflbiBaTbca, MHoroe o6o6maTB na 
asa-ioria. HosTOMy H BBimeonncaHHue ynacTKH a 
TOJIBBO BX o6n;Hxi. qepxax-b, npeflOciaBjaa 

jonojiHHTb H pasBHTb GBasanHoe 
H ncnpaBHib BBpaBniiaca omn6K0. 



sonojJHeaie KS ciracKy jraiepaiypH 



065. PyacKifi, M. CIIHCOKT> MypaateBT. MHHCKoft ryBepniH, co6- 
paHHHXT> aKcneAHaiefl MocKOBCKaro 
Kpy)KKa. Tp. Gryj,- Kpy^Ka np MOCKCBCK. 
T. III. i9oy r. 

966. KT> 4>ayirib MypaBtc-Bi, BH-ieHCKoft ry6epHiH. Ibid. 

1907 r. 

967. Wheeler, W. M. A Collection of Ants from Britisch Hondu- 

ras. Bull, of the Americ. Museum of Natur. History. 
Vol. XXIII, Art. 15, pp. 271277. 1907. Plate: 
XI XII. 



Cmp. CmpoKa. 



10 


16 csepxy 


15 


16 


22 


4 CHHay 


23 


4 


25 


18 


30 


6 csepxy 


41 


2 CHHsy 


55 


11 csepxy 


95 


1 



Hanemmano. 

KpHHe 

mangiiiatns 



myxtus 
Lasius nirjer 
pacnpocTpaneHiB 



marginatos 
Ta6eTa, 

mixtus 

Lasius niger s. str. 
pacraBpeidw 
var. kurdica 

necianuyio neciaHyio 

BT. TafijiHiit na cip. 33 nponymeHH HaxoxAeHia Camp, aethiojis st 
Typani; Ha cip. 36Myrmecocystus aenescens B% CaGnpH; na cip. 38 Stron- 
gylognathus christophi B% Typani. Omafio^Ho ysaaaHO HaxosaeHie Camponotus 
liijniperdug (cip. 33) X Strongylogn. christophi (oip. 38) BI CaCHpH. 

Jlpit \inirinie. Bi cnHCKaxi MypaBiest HaeroHmeft paOoiu paftH coxpa- 
Henia Mtcia H BI Bxay Toro, ITO 3ia paOora He HMleTi cHCieuaTHiecKaro 
xapasiepa, BI CojiiraHHCTsi cayiaeBi. npH ofiosHa^emR uoapoaoBt H paci 

t)liymeHH HX1 pOSOBHS H BHftOBHa 



pa6oTH. 



BT> 1-ft 



Cmp. 


CmpoKa. 


151 


11 csepxy 


226 


7 


243 


5 cHHsy 


265 


6 csepxy 





7 


352 


. 17 CHH3V 


399 


5 CBepxy 


738 


13 


761 


11 



HaneHamano. 

250 

Bl GH6HpH (BajITHMl). 
UOJ10BHH4 n 

H rojieiieft c% 
x 



1900 

-?, 5 H ? 

Byjiasa 4 yroaiuaa 

Bittel 



265 

vt, cpeaHesii Ypajii, Esa- 
TepHH(5yprcK. y. (BaJiTHMi). 
HoaoBHHii anpt.ta H 
H roaeHH ci, 
K rojieH 
1899 



4 

Buttel 



OrJIABJIEHIE. 

......... . . . . . . 1- 2. 



TpeiLe flonojHCHie RS cnHCKy JHTepaTypa no 

.... 3 7 k 

Otfmifi ofoop-E MHpMCBOJiorHHecKofl $ayHH POcck. 8 27. 
Ofiaopi pacnpe^iJieHifl pyccKBxi MypaBBesx no 
cianjaMi .............. .... 27- 102. 

06aop% MHpueKOJtorH^ecKofl ^ayHti POCCIH no 

. . .102 122. 
I cnecsy JiaxepaTypH no 

........ 123. 

. . . . ..... . 124*